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See also: , , and 𣳑
Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CB9
Code point U+6CB9
Entity number 油
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CB8] [U+6CBA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
油-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
油-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水中田 (ELW), four-corner 35160, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 614, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1585, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CB9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

Middle Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh-classical

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
油-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯw, *lɯwɢs): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic  ‎(OC *lɯw).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l][u]/
English flow(ing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. oil, fat, grease, lard
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
    /   ―  zhūyóu  ―  lard
      ―  shíyóu  ―  petroleum; oil
    /   ―  yóu  ―  engine oil
  2. to paint
    [Cantonese]  ―  jau4 uk1 [Jyutping]  ―  to paint the house
  3. to be grease-stained
  4. sly, glib

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwH/
Li
Rong
/iuH/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯwɢs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (“to glaze”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From the 未然形 ‎(mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 炙る ‎(aburu, to warm, to toast).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あぶら, romaji abura)

  1. oil

Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(abura).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

  1. oil

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana あんだ, romaji anda)

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with mainland Japanese ‎(abura).

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あんだ, romaji anda)

  1. oil

Derived terms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dầu, dẫu, dàu, , , du, rầu, trầu)

  1. oil, fat, grease

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for oil is dầu.

References[edit]