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See also: , , 𣳑, and
U+6CB9, 油
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CB9

[U+6CB8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CBA]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order (Japan)
8 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水中田 (ELW), four-corner 35160, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 614, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17253
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1585, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6CB9

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)
  • (Min Nan)
  • (Wu)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
油-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lɯw, *lɯwɢs): semantic (water) + phonetic (OC *lɯw).

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juw/
Li
Rong
/iu/
Wang
Li
/jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l][u]/
English flow(ing)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 15525
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯw/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. name of an ancient river
  2. oil: fat, grease, lard, petroleum, etc.
      ―  yóu  ―  sesame oil
    /   ―  zhūyóu  ―  lard
      ―  shíyóu  ―  petroleum; oil
    /   ―  yóu  ―  engine oil
    [Cantonese]  ―  lau6 jau4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to leak oil
    [Cantonese]  ―  caau2 coi3 jiu3 lok6 jau4. [Jyutping]  ―  You need to add oil when you stir-fry vegetables.
  3. to paint
    [Cantonese]  ―  jau4 uk1 [Jyutping]  ―  to paint the house
  4. (Cantonese) paint
    / [Cantonese]  ―  di1 jau4-2 mei6 gon1 aa3. [Jyutping]  ―  The paint hasn't dried yet.
  5. (Cantonese) to colour (with crayons, coloured pencils, oil pastel, etc.)
    老師弟弟貼堂 [Cantonese, trad.]
    老师弟弟𠮶贴堂 [Cantonese, simp.]
    lou5 si1 zoeng1 dai6-4 dai6-2 jau4 go2 fuk1 waa2 tip3 tong4. [Jyutping]
    The teacher posted the picture that my brother coloured on the board.
  6. (Cantonese) Short for 油門油门 (yóumén, “accelerator; gas pedal; throttle”).
    [Cantonese]  ―  caai2 jau4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to hit the gas; to accelerate
  7. to be grease-stained
  8. sly; glib
  9. vigorous, abundant
  10. shiny
  11. sweet-tempered, acquiescent
  12. flippant and insincere
  13. dark
  14. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Vietnamese: dầu (𪽠)

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwH/
Li
Rong
/iuH/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yòu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 15534
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lɯwɢs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (yòu, “to glaze”).
  2. Used in 浩油.

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
あぶら
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
あぶら
[noun] , : oil
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 기름 (gireum yu))

  1. Hanja form? of (oil).

Kunigami[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あんだー, romaji andā)

  1. oil

Miyako[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /avva/, /aʋva/, /aʋʋa/

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あっゔぁ, romaji avva)

  1. oil

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
あんだ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Cognate with Japanese (abura).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あんだ, rōmaji anda)

  1. oil

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • あんだ【油】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dầu, dẫu, dàu, , , du, rầu, trầu)

  1. oil, fat, grease

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese word for oil is dầu.

References[edit]