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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97F3
Code point U+97F3
Entity number 音
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97F2] [U+97F4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
音-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 180 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日 (YTA), four-corner 00601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1396, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1912, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4495, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+97F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
音-oracle.svg 音-bronze.svg 音-silk.svg 音-bigseal.svg 音-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a mouth and tongue with something on them (sound). Compare , .

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in⁵⁵/
Harbin /in⁴⁴/
Tianjin /in²¹/
Jinan /iẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /iə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /in²⁴/
Xi'an /iẽ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
Kunming /ĩ/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /in¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in³³/
Xiangtan /in³³/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /im⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /im²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm⁵³/
Nanning /jɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /im⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /im³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /im²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (34)
Final: (140)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: Chongniu III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yīn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔɣiɪm/ /ʔɯim/ /ʔiem/ /ʔjim/ /ʔjəm/ /ĭĕm/ /ʔi̯əm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yīn ‹ ʔim › /*[q](r)əm/ sound, tone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15223 1 /*qrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sound, tone
  2. pitch
  3. pronunciation

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ʔim, sound).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おん, romaji on)

  1. sound

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おと
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おと, romaji oto)

  1. sound

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ne)

  1. sound

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eum) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. (소리 음, sori-): sound
  2. (소식 음, sosig-): news
  3. ( 음, mal-): speech
  4. ( 음, eum-): pronunciation
    • 之對 文字讀聲 (지대 문자독성, hunjidae munjadokseong) the complement of the hun (hence) the sound reading a (Chinese) character.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(âm, ậm, ơm, yên)

  1. sound; noise

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese equivalent is âm.

References[edit]