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U+97F3, 音
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-97F3

[U+97F2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+97F4]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
音-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 180 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿日 (YTA), four-corner 00601, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #180, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1396, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43265
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1912, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4495, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+97F3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
音-bronze.svg 音-silk.svg 音-bigseal.svg 音-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qɯːm
*qɯːm
*qɯːm, *qʰaːm, *qʰrɯm
*qɯːm, *qrɯm, *qrɯms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯːms
*qɯːmʔ, *qrɯm
*qɯːmʔ, *qɯːb
*qɯːms
*qɯːms
*qrɯːm, *qrɯːmʔ
*qʰrɯm
*qɯm
*qɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯms
*kʰrɯb

Ideogram (指事): (“word”) with something in (“mouth”) – sound comes from the mouth.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /in⁵⁵/
Harbin /in⁴⁴/
Tianjin /in²¹/
Jinan /iẽ²¹³/
Qingdao /iə̃²¹³/
Zhengzhou /in²⁴/
Xi'an /iẽ²¹/
Xining /iə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /iŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /in⁵⁵/
Chengdu /in⁵⁵/
Guiyang /in⁵⁵/
Kunming /ĩ/
Nanjing /in³¹/
Hefei /in²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /iŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /in⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔin³³/
Wenzhou /j̠aŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /iʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /in¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /in³³/
Xiangtan /in³³/
Gan Nanchang /in⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /im⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /im²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐm⁵³/
Nanning /jɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /im⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /iŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /eiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /im³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /im²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjim/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəm/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yīn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔim ›
Old
Chinese
/*[q](r)əm/
English sound, tone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15223
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sound; voice; tone
  2. news; tidings
  3. (music) pitch; note
  4. (phonetics) pronunciation; syllable
      ―  cháoyīn  ―  Teochew pronunciation
    陽江 / 阳江  ―  yángjiāng yīn  ―  Yangjiang pronunciation

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
おん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔˠiɪm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おん, rōmaji on)

  1. sound
  2. (linguistics) speech sound
  3. reading of a kanji
  4. (by extension) reading of a Chinese character outside the Japanese language; rime
  5. music

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おと
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

/oto2/ invalid IPA characters (2)/oto/

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana おと, rōmaji oto)

  1. sound
  2. when used with a "hear" verb, rumor or fame (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  3. news (of a visit, etc.) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  4. reply, response
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
Irregular

/to2/ invalid IPA characters (2)/to/

Clipping of oto above, the initial o being dropped.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji to)

  1. sound; echo; voice
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3453), text here
       () () () () () () () () () () () () ()西 () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       (かぜ) () (とほ)我妹 (わぎも) ()せし (きぬ) () (もと)のくだりまよひ ()にけり [Modern spelling]
      kaze no to no tōki wagimo ga kiseshi-kinu tamoto no kudari, mayoi-ki ni keri
      My dear wife, far away (as the sound of the wind), some threads of the sleeves of the kimono you made me wear have come to be worn and chafed![4]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ne)

  1. sound, especially, a voice that can be captured emotionally (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
  2. pleasant sound emitted by an object

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  4. ^ Jan Lodewijk Pierson, Jr. (1964) The Makura-Kotoba of the Manyôśû, Leiden: Brill Archive, page 54

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. (소리 음, sori-): sound
  2. (소식 음, sosig-): news
  3. ( 음, mal-): speech
  4. ( 음, eum-): pronunciation
    • 之對 文字讀聲 (지대 문자독성, hunjidae munjadokseong) the complement of the hun (hence) the sound reading a (Chinese) character.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(âm, ậm, ơm)

  1. sound; noise

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Chữ Nôm. The modern Vietnamese equivalent is âm.

References[edit]