文字

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Chinese[edit]

 
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
 
letter; symbol; character; word
simp. and trad.
(文字)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

文字

  1. written symbols; writing; script; text; characters (Classifier: ; )
  2. writing style wording; language (Classifier: ; )

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 文字 (MC mɨun d͡zɨH, literally “writing + character”). Compare modern Cantonese reading man4 zi6.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文字 (hiragana もんじ, rōmaji monji)

  1. a letter, a character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is less common than moji below.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん > も
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
Irregular

/mond͡ʑi//mod͡ʑi/

Sound shift from monji above.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文字 (hiragana もじ, rōmaji moji)

  1. a letter or character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
  8. (chiefly Kansai) the tails side of a coin, the side with writing on it
  9. (chiefly Kansai, by extension) a coin, money
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is more common than monji above.

The tails and coin, money senses are specific to this moji reading.[3]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

文字 (munja) (hangeul 문자)

  1. Hanja form? of 문자 (letter).