文字

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Chinese[edit]

 
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
 
letter; symbol; character; word
simp. and trad.
(文字)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

文字 (classifier )

  1. written symbols; writing; script; text; characters
  2. writing style wording; language

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 文字 (mjun dziH, literally writing + character). Compare modern Cantonese reading man4 zi6.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文字 (hiragana もんじ, romaji monji)

  1. a letter, a character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is less common than moji below.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 1
Irregular

/mond͡ʑi//mod͡ʑi/

Sound shift from monji above.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文字 (hiragana もじ, romaji moji)

  1. a letter or character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
  8. (chiefly Kansai) the tails side of a coin, the side with writing on it
  9. (chiefly Kansai, by extension) a coin, money
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is more common than monji above.

The tails and coin, money senses are specific to this moji reading.[3]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

文字 (munja) (hangeul 문자)

  1. Hanja form? of 문자, “letter”.