文字

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Chinese[edit]

 
language; culture; writing
language; culture; writing; formal; literary; gentle
 
letter; symbol; character
letter; symbol; character; word
simp. and trad.
(文字)
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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (4) (15)
Final () (59) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨun/ /d͡zɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/miun/ /d͡zɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miuən/ /d͡zieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mun/ /d͡zɨH/
Li
Rong
/miuən/ /d͡ziəH/
Wang
Li
/mĭuən/ /d͡zĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uən/ /d͡zʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wén
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wén
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjun › ‹ dziH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə[n]/ /*mə-dzə(ʔ)-s/
English ornate breed, love (v.); character

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 13015 17864
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯn/ /*zlɯs/
Notes

Noun[edit]

文字

  1. written symbols; writing; script; text; characters (Classifier: ; )
  2. writing style wording; language (Classifier: ; )

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (文字):
  • Japanese: (もん)() (monji)
  • Korean: 문자 (文字, munja)
  • Vietnamese: văn tự (文字)

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese 文字 (MC mɨun d͡zɨH, literally “writing + character”). Compare modern Cantonese reading man4 zi6.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(もん)() (monji

  1. a letter, a character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is less common than moji, below.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
もん > も
Grade: 1

Grade: 1
Irregular goon

/mond͡ʑi//mod͡ʑi/

Sound shift from monji above.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

文字(もじ) (moji

  1. a letter or character (symbol for a sound or a word)
  2. (linguistics) script, writing system
  3. (specific to Japanese) a written mora, a kana
  4. writing in general, written words
  5. (by extension from the “writing” sense) a document
  6. (by extension from the “writing” sense) reading and writing
  7. (by extension from the “writing” sense) studies
  8. (chiefly Kansai) the tails side of a coin, the side with writing on it
  9. (chiefly Kansai, by extension) a coin, money
Usage notes[edit]

This reading is more common than monji above.

The tails and coin, money senses are specific to this moji reading.[3]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

文字 (munja) (hangeul 문자)

  1. Hanja form? of 문자 (letter).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

文字

  1. Hán tự form of văn tự (writing system, script).