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See also:
U+7A2E, 種
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A2E

[U+7A2D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A2F]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115, +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹木竹十土 (HDHJG), four-corner 22914, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 856, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1281, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2617, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+7A2E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs).

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps Sino-Tibetan: Chepang [script needed] (tuŋʔ-, to plant), दुङ्‌ (duŋ, shoot; sprout), दुङ्‌सा (duŋ-, to sprout; to grow). Compare (OC *tjoŋʔ, “to swell”) and (OC *tjoŋʔ, “heel”).

Related to Proto-Vietic *k-coːŋʔ (seed) (Vietnamese giống (seed)), which is likely a loanword from Chinese (Wang, 1948).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • chéng - vernacular;
  • chióng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨoŋX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕioŋX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕioŋX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cuawŋX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕioŋX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭwoŋX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯woŋX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhǒng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhǒng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyowngX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*k.toŋʔ/
    English seed

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 17471
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjoŋʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. seed; kernel; cereal
      /   ―  càizhǒng  ―  seed of vegetable
    2. clan; ethnic group; ethnicity; race
      /   ―  rénzhǒng  ―  race
      /   ―  zhǒng  ―  ethnicity
    3. species; breed
    4. kind; sort; type
    5. Classifier for varieties: kind; sort; typeall nouns using this classifier
      /   ―  zhǒng  ―  every kind
      Synonyms: (lèi)
    6. (colloquial) guts; grit
    7. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note:
    • chèng - vernacular;
    • chiòng - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (23)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ɕɨoŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡ɕioŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ɕioŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /cuawŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ɕioŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ɕĭwoŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡ɕi̯woŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhòng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhòng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsyowngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*(mə-)toŋʔ-s/
    English sow (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 17476
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tjoŋs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to sow; to strew
    2. to grow; to plant; to cultivate
      /   ―  zhòng shù  ―  to plant a tree
    3. to breed; to bring up
    4. to foster; to train
    5. to transplant; to inoculate

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. cereal that is to plant early and to harvest lately

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. seed
    2. plant, sow
    3. class, kind, variety
    4. species (category in taxonomy)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    たね
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly related to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tanəm; compare Indonesian tanam, Malay tanam (to plant, bury); Chamorro tanom (to plant), Samoan tanu (to bury); Cebuano tanum (plant).

    Alternative forms[edit]

    • (bloodline, lineage):

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana たね, katakana タネ, rōmaji tane)

    1. a seed
      Synonym: 種子 (shushi)
    2. a pit or stone in a fruit
      Synonym: (sane)
    3. a gamete (reproductive cell such as a spermatozoan or egg)
    4. a lineage, bloodline
      Synonyms: 血統 (kettō), 血筋 (chisuji)
    5. an origin, cause
      Synonyms: 根源 (kongen), 原因 (gen'in)
    6. the materials or ingredients from which something is made
      Synonyms: 原料 (genryō), 材料 (zairyō)
    7. capital, funds, seed money
      Synonyms: 元金 (gankin, motokin), 元手 (motode)
    Derived terms[edit]
    Idioms[edit]
    Proverbs[edit]
    See also[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana たね, rōmaji Tane)

    1. a female given name
    2. a surname

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くさ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    Possibly derived from or cognate with (kusa, grass), from the way grass is grown from seeds, hence their origin.

    Alternative forms[edit]

    • (cause of something):

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くさ, rōmaji kusa)

    1. an origin, cause
    2. a type, class
      Synonyms: 種類 (shurui), 類い (tagui)
    Derived terms[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana くさ, rōmaji -kusa)

    1. counter for number of kinds or types
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    くさわい
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    ⟨kusa papi1 → * /kusapapʲi//kusafafi//kusawawʲi//kusawai/

    Compound of (kusa, origin; type) + 這い (hai, widely spread out), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) 這う (hau, to spread out widely).

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana くさわい, rōmaji kusawai, historical hiragana くさはひ)

    1. an origin, cause
      Synonym: 原因 (gen'in)
    2. a type, class
      Synonyms: 種類 (shurui), 類い (tagui)
    3. an interest, appeal
      Synonyms: (omomuki), 面白み (omoshiromi)

    Etymology 4[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    しゅ
    Grade: 4
    on’yomi

    /t͡ɕɨu//ɕʲu//ɕu/

    From Middle Chinese (MC t͡ɕɨoŋX).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana しゅ, rōmaji shu)

    1. a seed
      Synonym: 種子 (shushi)
    2. a kind, type, sort, class, or category
      Synonyms: 種類 (shurui), 類い (tagui)
    3. (taxonomy) a species
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune–Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (chõng, chỏng, chổng, chủng, giống, trồng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.