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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹木竹十土 (HDHJG), four-corner 22914, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 856, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1281, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2617, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+7A2E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs).

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps Sino-Tibetan: Chepang tuŋʔ- ‎(to plant), duŋ ‎(to shoot, to sprout), duŋ- ‎(to sprout, to grow). Compare (OC *tjoŋʔ, “to swell”) and (OC *tjoŋʔ, “heel”).

Related to Proto-Vietic *k-coːŋʔ ‎(seed) (Vietnamese giống ‎(seed)), which is likely a loanword from Chinese (Wang, 1948).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuawŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕioŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǒng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǒng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.toŋʔ/
English seed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17471
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjoŋʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. seed; kernel; cereal
    /   ―  càizhǒng  ―  seed of vegetable
  2. clan; ethnic group; ethnicity; race
    /   ―  rénzhǒng  ―  race
    /   ―  zhǒng  ―  ethnicity
  3. species; breed
  4. kind; sort; type
  5. Classifier for varieties. kind; sort; type  all nouns using this classifier
    /   ―  zhǒng  ―  every kind
  6. (colloquial) guts; grit
  7. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕioŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*(mə-)toŋʔ-s/
English sow (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17476
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjoŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to sow; to strew
  2. to grow; to plant; to cultivate
    /   ―  zhòng shù  ―  to plant a tree
  3. to breed; to bring up
  4. to foster; to train
  5. to transplant; to inoculate

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. young; childish

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. a seed
  2. a species, class, kind, variety

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Possibly related to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tanəm; compare Indonesian tanam, Malay tanam ‎(to plant, to bury); Chamorro tanom ‎(to plant), Samoan tanu ‎(to bury); Cebuano tanum ‎(a plant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たね, romaji tane)

  1. a seed
  2. a pit or stone in a fruit
  3. a gamete, a reproductive cell such as a spermatozoan or egg
  4. a lineage, a bloodline
  5. an origin, a cause
  6. the materials or ingredients from which something is made
  7. capital, funds, seed money
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たね, romaji Tane)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. a kind, type, sort, class, or category
  2. (taxonomy) a species
  3. a plant seed

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chủng, chõng, chỏng, chổng, giống, trồng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.