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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +9, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹木竹十土 (HDHJG), four-corner 22914, composition)

  1. seed
  2. race
  3. offspring
  4. to plant
  5. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 856, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25174
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1281, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2617, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+7A2E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (23)
Final: (7)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhǒng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕɨoŋX/ /t͡ɕioŋX/ /t͡ɕioŋX/ /cuawŋX/ /t͡ɕioŋX/ /t͡ɕĭwoŋX/ /t͡ɕi̯woŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǒng ‹ tsyowngX › /*k.toŋʔ/ seed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17471 0 /*tjoŋʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. kind; sort; type
    1. race
      /   ―  rénzhǒng  ―  race
      /   ―  zhǒng  ―  ethnicity
    2. species
  2. seed
    /   ―  càizhǒng  ―  seed of vegetable
  3. guts; grit

Classifier[edit]

  1. kind; sort; type
    /   ―  zhǒng  ―  every kind

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (23)
Final: (7)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhòng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕɨoŋH/ /t͡ɕioŋH/ /t͡ɕioŋH/ /cuawŋH/ /t͡ɕioŋH/ /t͡ɕĭwoŋH/ /t͡ɕi̯woŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhòng ‹ tsyowngH › /*(mə-)toŋʔ-s/ sow (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17476 0 /*tjoŋs/

Verb[edit]

  1. to plant; to cultivate

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. a seed
  2. a species, class, kind, variety

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Possibly related to Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *tanəm; compare Indonesian tanam, Malay tanam ‎(to plant, to bury); Chamorro tanom ‎(to plant), Samoan tanu ‎(to bury); Cebuano tanum ‎(a plant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たね, romaji tane)

  1. a seed
  2. a pit or stone in a fruit
  3. a gamete, a reproductive cell such as a spermatozoan or egg
  4. a lineage, a bloodline
  5. an origin, a cause
  6. the materials or ingredients from which something is made
  7. capital, funds, seed money
Synonyms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana たね, romaji Tane)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. a kind, type, sort, class, or category
  2. (taxonomy) a species
  3. a plant seed

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chủng, chõng, chỏng, chổng, giống, trồng)

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