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U+7AE5, 童
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AE5

[U+7AE4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AE6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
童-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
童-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 117 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜廿田土 (YTWG), four-corner 00104, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 871, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25775
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1302, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2711, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+7AE5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
童-oracle.svg 童-bronze.svg 童-silk.svg 童-bigseal.svg 童-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *rdoːŋs
*rdoːŋ, *doːŋ, *tjoŋ
*rdoːŋ
𩪘 *rdoːŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*rdoːŋs, *tʰjoŋ
*tʰoːnʔ, *tʰuːnʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋʔ
*toːŋs, *tuːŋʔ, *toŋs
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
罿 *doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*doːŋ, *doŋ
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋs
*toŋs
*toŋs
*tʰoŋ, *tʰoŋs, *tjoŋ
*doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs
*doŋ, *doŋs
*doŋ
*doŋ, *tʰjoŋ
*tjoŋ, *tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋ
*tjoŋʔ, *tjoŋs
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ
*tjoŋʔ, *tʰjoŋʔ
*tjoŋs
*tʰjoŋ
*tʰjoŋs
*djoŋʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意) : A needle (abbreviated to ) going through a slave's eye. In ancient China, slaves were blinded. Compare .

It is also possible that it is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːŋ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs). The bottom component is unrelated to .

Original meaning was “boy servant”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tông - literary;
  • tâng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/duŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/duŋ/
Wang
Li
/duŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ duwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˤoŋ/
English boy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17439
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. child
    /   ―  értóng  ―  child
      ―  tóng  ―  boy
      ―  tóngnián  ―  childhood
  2. young servant; servant boy
    /   ―  méntóng  ―  doorman
    /   ―  shūtóng  ―  page boy
      ―  qiútóng  ―  caddie
  3. virgin
  4. bare; exposed
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong, Yale tong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồng)

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