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U+77B3, 瞳
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77B3

[U+77B2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77B4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 109, +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 月山卜廿土 (BUYTG), four-corner 60014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 818, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1230, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2514, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+77B3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːŋ): semantic + phonetic (OC *doːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *doːŋ, “child”). Compare English pupil (‘child’ > student; pupil of eye) for a similar semantic development.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/duŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/duŋ/
Wang
Li
/duŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tóng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
tung4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17441
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. inexperienced; ignorant
  2. (anatomy) pupil of eye
  3. sight; vision; view
  4. to see

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ひとみ) (hitomi

  1. (anatomy) pupil
  2. (poetic) eye
    (ひとみ)(うつ)景色(けしき)
    hitomi ni utsuru keshiki
    the scene reflected in one's eyes
    (ひとみ)()じる
    hitomi o tojiru
    to close one's eyes

Proper noun[edit]

(ひとみ) (Hitomi

  1. A female given name

Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC duŋ).

Historical readings

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [to̞(ː)ŋ]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 눈동자 (nundongja dong))

  1. Hanja form? of (pupil).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: đồng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: đồng, tròng

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999