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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰjoŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs)

Han character[edit]

(radical 144 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹人竹土弓 (HOHGN), four-corner 21104)

  1. rush against, charge ahead

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1110, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34069
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1574, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 843, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+885D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (24)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕʰɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cʰuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕʰioŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕʰĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕʰi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chōng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chōng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyhowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoŋ/
English rush against

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17478
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
𧘂
Old
Chinese
/*tʰjoŋ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

  1. thoroughfare; important place
    • /   ―  yàochōng  ―  road hub, major crossroad

Verb[edit]

  1. to go straight ahead; to rush; to charge; to dash
  2. to clash; to collide
    • /   ―  chōng  ―  attack, shock
    • /   ―  chōngzhuàng  ―  to collide
    • /   ―  chōng  ―  conflict, collision of interest

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

  1. powerful; vigorous
  2. pungent; (of smell) strong

Verb[edit]

  1. to face
  2. to punch; to stamp

Preposition[edit]

  1. towards; at; to
  2. in view of

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(chung, jong) (hangeul , , revised chung, jong, McCune-Reischauer ch'ung, chong, Yale chwung, cong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xung, giong, tông, xong, xông, xúng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.