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U+684C, 桌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-684C

[U+684B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+684D]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜日木 (YAD), four-corner 21904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 525, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14766
  • Dae Jaweon: page 914, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1198, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+684C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

From , with the bottom replaced by (“wood”) to indicate specifically the sense of "table".

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *rteːwɢ, “high”), as tables are relatively tall (compared to other furnitures like ).

Similar descriptive derivations for furnitures include: (“to climb”) > (“stool”); (“to lean”) > (“chair”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • toh - vernacular;
  • tok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuo⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuo⁴⁴/
/t͡suo⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂuo²¹/
/t͡suo²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuə²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuo²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fo²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuə¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suo²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡so³¹/
Guiyang /t͡so²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂo³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡suaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡so⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡so²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sok̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
/t͡sʰœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔk̚³²/
/toʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo⁵⁵/
/so³¹/ 訓床

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuō
Middle
Chinese
‹ træwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤrawk/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
English table

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17767
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rteːwɢ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. table; desk; stand
    杯子  ―  Bēizǐ zài zhuō shàng.  ―  The cup is on the table.

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 桌子 (“table”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 桌子
Mandarin Beijing 桌子
Taiwan 桌子
Tianjin 桌子
Jinan 桌子
Xi'an 桌子
Wuhan 桌子
Chengdu 桌子
Yangzhou 桌子
Hefei 桌子
Malaysia 桌子檯子
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 桌子
Hakka Meixian 桌仔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 桌仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 桌仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 桌仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 桌仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 桌子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 桌仔
Quanzhou 桌仔
Zhangzhou
Taipei 桌仔
Kaohsiung 桌仔
Tainan 桌仔
Taichung 桌仔
Hsinchu 桌仔
Lukang 桌仔
Sanxia 桌仔
Yilan 桌仔
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 檯子
Suzhou 檯子
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha 桌子
Shuangfeng 桌子

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.