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See also:
U+684C, 桌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-684C

[U+684B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+684D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜日木 (YAD), four-corner 21904, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 525, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14766
  • Dae Jaweon: page 914, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1198, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+684C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*deːwɢs
*rneːwɢs
*rteːwɢs
*rteːwɢs, *rdeːwɢ
*rtʰeːwɢs, *rtʰeːwɢ
*rtʰeːwɢs, *rtʰeːwɢ
*rdeːwɢs
*tʰeːwɢs
*deːwʔ, *deːwɢs, *rneːwɢ
*tʰewɢ, *rtʰeːwɢ
*tjewɢ
*tʰjewɢ
*tʰjewɢ
*tʰjewɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ
*rteːwɢ, *rtʰeːwɢ

From , with the bottom replaced by (“wood”) to indicate specifically the sense of "table".

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *rteːwɢ, “high”), as tables are relatively tall (compared to other furnitures like ).

Similar descriptive derivations for furnitures include: (“to climb”) > (“stool”); (“to lean”) > (“chair”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • toh - vernacular;
  • tok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuo⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuo⁴⁴/
    /t͡suo⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂuo²¹/
    /t͡suo²¹/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuə²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuo²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fo²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuə¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fə¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡suɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡suo²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡so³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡so²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂo³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suaʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡suaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡so⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡so²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡sok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
    /t͡sʰœk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔk̚³²/
    /toʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /toʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo⁵⁵/
    /so³¹/ 訓床

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (10)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈˠʌk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈᵚɔk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈaɨwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶɔk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhuo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhuō
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ træwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˤrawk/ (no pre-Qín exx.)
    English table

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17767
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*rteːwɢ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. table; desk; stand
      杯子  ―  Bēizǐ zài zhuō shàng.  ―  The cup is on the table.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 桌子 (“table”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 桌子
    Mandarin Beijing 桌子
    Taiwan 桌子
    Tianjin 桌子
    Jinan 桌子
    Xi'an 桌子
    Wuhan 桌子
    Chengdu 桌子
    Yangzhou 桌子
    Hefei 桌子
    Malaysia 桌子檯子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 桌子
    Hakka Meixian 桌仔
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 桌仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 桌仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 桌仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 桌仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan 桌子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen 桌仔
    Quanzhou 桌仔
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei 桌仔
    Kaohsiung 桌仔
    Tainan 桌仔
    Taichung 桌仔
    Hsinchu 桌仔
    Lukang 桌仔
    Sanxia 桌仔
    Yilan 桌仔
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 檯子
    Suzhou 檯子
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 桌子
    Shuangfeng 桌子

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():

    Others:


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trác)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.