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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜日木 (YAD), four-corner 21904, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 525, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14766
  • Dae Jaweon: page 914, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1198, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+684C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

From (zhuó), with the bottom replaced by (“wood”) to indicate specifically the sense of "table".

Etymology[edit]

From (zhuó, “high”), as tables are relatively tall (compared to other furnitures like ).

Similar descriptive derivations for furnitures include: (“to climb”) > (“stool”); (“to lean”) > (“chair”).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂuo⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂuo⁴⁴/
/t͡suo⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂuo²¹/
/t͡suo²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂuə²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂuə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂuo²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fo²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂuə¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fə¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡suɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡suo²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡so³¹/
Guiyang /t͡so²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂo³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂoʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡suaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡so⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡so²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂo²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sok̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰœk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
/t͡sʰœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tɔk̚³²/
/toʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /toʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdo⁵⁵/
/so³¹/ 訓床

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (10)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɣʌk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈɯɔk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶɔk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈaɨwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶɔk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶɔk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶɔk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhuo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhuō
Middle
Chinese
‹ træwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤrawk (no pre-Qín exx.)/
English table

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17767
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rteːwɢ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. table; desk; stand
    杯子  ―  Bēizǐ zài zhuō shàng.  ―  The cup is on the table.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Others:


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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