banquet

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English

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 Banquet on Wikipedia
State Banquet.—Serving the Peacock.—Facsimile of a woodcut in an edition of Virgil, folio, published at Lyons in 1517.
A Chinese painting of an outdoor banquet, from the era of the Song Dynasty (960–1279).

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Middle English banket, from Middle French banquet, from Italian banchetto (light repast between meals, snack eaten on a small bench, literally a small bench), from banco (bench), from Lombardic *bank, *panch (bench), from Proto-Germanic *bankiz (bench). Akin to Old High German bank, banch (bench), Old English benċ (bench). More at bank, bench.

Pronunciation

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  • enPR: băngˈ kwĭt, bănˈ kwĭt; IPA(key): /ˈ bæŋkwɪt/, /ˈ bænkwɪt/
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈ bæŋkɪt/[1]
  • Audio (US):(file)

Noun

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banquet (plural banquets)

  1. A large celebratory meal; a feast.
    Synonym: reception
    • c. 1606 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene iv]:
      True, worthy Banquo; he is full so valiant,
      And in his commendations I am fed; / It is a banquet to me.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], →OCLC, Esther 5:4:
      And Esther answered, If it seem good unto the king, let the king and Haman come this day unto the banquet that I have prepared for him.
    • [1715], [John] Gay, The What D’Ye Call It: A Tragi-comi-pastoral Farce, London: [] Bernard Lintott [], →OCLC, Act II, scene ix, page 40:
      So comes a Reck’ning when the Banquet’s o’er, / The dreadful Reck’ning, and Men ſmile no more.
    • 1798, [William Wordsworth], “Nutting”, in Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems, London: [] J[ohn] & A[rthur] Arch, [], →OCLC:
      [T]he hazels rose / Tall and erect, with milk-white clusters hung, / A virgin scene! — A little while I stood, / Breathing with such suppression of the heart / As joy delights in; and, with wise restraint / Voluptuous, fearless of a rival, eyed / The banquet, []
    • c. 1870, Emily Dickinson, “(please specify the chapter or poem)”, in M[abel] L[oomis] Todd and M[illicent] T[odd] Bingham, editors, Bolts of Melody, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Row, published 1945, page 229:
      Who goes to dine must take his feast / Or find the banquet mean; / The table is not laid without / Till it is laid within.
    • 1933, Kahlil Gibran, The Garden of the Prophet[2]:
      And the sun, even as you and I and all there is, sits in equal honour at the banquet of the Prince whose door is always open and whose board is always spread.
    • 1972 March 6, “China Coverage: Sweet and Sour”, in Time:
      The thrill of discovery quickly wore off. TV crews and reporters were soon scurrying frantically to satisfy the medium’s insatiable appetite for novelty, sometimes achieving massive inanity instead. During coverage of the first great banquet, correspondents—who had not been given menus—variously described those little orange balls decorating the table’s center as pomegranates, oranges or JellO. (They were actually North China tangerines.)
  2. A ceremonial dinner party for many people.
  3. (archaic) A dessert; a course of sweetmeats.
    • c. 1624–1625 (date written), Philip Massinger, The Vnnaturall Combat. A Tragedie. [], London: [] E[dward] G[riffin] for Iohn Waterson, [], published 1639, →OCLC, Act III, scene i:
      Wee'll dine in the great roome, but let the muſick / And banquet be prepar'd here.
    • 1874, Saturday Review: Politics, Literature, Science and Art:
      At Inverkeithing the teetotalers objected to this profligate expenditure, so the Provost and magistrates manfully paid for their “cookies” out of their own pockets. At Dunse, instead of a cake and wine banquet, there was “a fruit conversazione,” whatever that may be.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Scottish Gaelic: bangaid (Canadian)

Translations

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Verb

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banquet (third-person singular simple present banquets, present participle banqueting or banquetting, simple past and past participle banqueted or banquetted)

  1. (intransitive) To participate in a banquet; to feast.
  2. (obsolete) To have dessert after a feast.
    • 1580, George Cavendish, quoted by John Stow (ed.), The Annales of England, Faithfully collected out of the most autenticall Authors, Records, and other Monuments of Antiquitie, 1600 edition, “Henry the eight.,” p. 907,[3]
      Then was the banquetting chamber in the tilt yard at Greenewich, to the which place these strangers were conducted by the noblest personages in the court, where they did both sup and banquet.
  3. (transitive) To treat with a banquet or sumptuous entertainment of food; to feast.
    • c. 1590–1592 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Taming of the Shrew”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene i]:
      Not possible; for who shall bear your part / And be in Padua here Vincentio's son; / Keep house and ply his book, welcome his friends, / Visit his countrymen, and banquet them?
    • 1800, Frederick Schiller, The Piccolomini, or the First Part of Wallenstein, translated by Samuel Taylor Coleridge, London: Longman & Rees, Act I, scene i, p. 2,[4]
      Just in time to banquet
      The illustrious company assembled there.
    • 1828, Washington Irving, “Voyage through the Gulf of Paria”, in A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. [], volume II, New York, N.Y.: G. & C. Carvill, [], →OCLC, book X, pages 169–170:
      They treated them with profound reverence, as beings descended from heaven, and conducted them to a spacious house, the residence of the cacique, where they were banquetted in their simple but hospitable way, with bread and various fruits of excellent flavour, and different kinds of beverages which have been already mentioned.

Derived terms

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Translations

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References

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  1. ^ Jespersen, Otto (1909) A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles (Sammlung germanischer Elementar- und Handbücher; 9)‎[1], volumes I: Sounds and Spellings, London: George Allen & Unwin, published 1961, § 7.34, page 215.

Catalan

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 Banquet on Catalan Wikipedia

Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from French banquet.

Noun

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banquet m (plural banquets)

  1. banquet (celebratory meal)

Etymology 2

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From banc +‎ -et.

Noun

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banquet m (plural banquets)

  1. small bench

Further reading

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French

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 Banquet on French Wikipedia

Etymology

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Inherited from Middle French banquet, from Italian banchetto (light repast between meals, snack eaten on a small bench, literally a small bench), from banco (bench), from Lombardic bank (bench) / Lombardic panch (bench), from Proto-Germanic *bankiz (bench). Akin to Old High German bank, banch (bench), Old English benc (bench). Compare Old French banquet, which only meant "small bench", from the same Proto-Germanic source.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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banquet m (plural banquets)

  1. banquet

Descendants

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Further reading

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