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Possibly contracted from *edipulum, from edō.



epulum n, f pl (genitive epulī); second declension

  1. feast, banquet
  2. (plural) dishes, meats.
  3. (plural, figuratively) food.

Usage notes[edit]

The plural form epulae may be used separately as a singular noun.


This noun is heterogeneous, having neuter second declension in the singular and feminine first declension in the plural.

Number Singular Plural
nominative epulum epulae
genitive epulī epulārum
dative epulō epulīs
accusative epulum epulās
ablative epulō epulīs
vocative epulum epulae

It, however, may later be found in the standard Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative epulum epula
genitive epulī epulōrum
dative epulō epulīs
accusative epulum epula
ablative epulō epulīs
vocative epulum epula

Related terms[edit]


  • epulum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • epulum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • epulum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • epulum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to load the tables with the most exquisite viands: mensas exquisitissimis epulis instruere (Tusc. 5. 21. 62)
    • (ambiguous) during dinner; at table: inter cenam, inter epulas
    • (ambiguous) to entertain, regale a person: accipere aliquem (bene, copiose, laute, eleganter, regio apparatu, apparatis epulis)
  • epulum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers