From Ancient Greek ἀναφορά (anaphorá, “a carrying back”), from ἀνά (aná, “up”) + φέρω (phérō, “I carry”).
- IPA(key): /ænəˈfɔɹə/, /ənˈæfəɹə/
anaphora (countable and uncountable, plural anaphoras or anaphors or anaphora)
- “Mad world! Mad kings! Mad composition!”
- Shakespeare, King John (II i.)
|Examples (expression referring to a preceding expression)
- That's John's car. He [referring to "John"] won't want to see you sitting on it [referring to the car].
- John had a drink. So did [referring to "had a drink"] Mark.
- John had been feeling rather dehydrated. Mark was even more so [referring to "dehydrated"].
- (rhetoric) The repetition of a phrase at the beginning of phrases, sentences, or verses, used for emphasis.
- They didn't speak. They didn't stand. They didn't even look up when I came in.
[1835, L[arret] Langley, A Manual of the Figures of Rhetoric, […], Doncaster: Printed by C. White, Baxter-Gate, OCLC 1062248511, page 73:
Anaphora elegantly begins
With the same word or phrase successive lines.]
- Antonyms: epiphora, epistrophe
- (linguistics) An expression that can refer to virtually any referent, the specific referent being defined by context.
- (linguistics) An expression that refers to a preceding expression.
- Hypernym: endophora
- Coordinate terms: cataphora, exophora, homophora
- (Christianity) The most solemn part of the Divine Liturgy or the Mass during which the offerings of bread and wine are consecrated as body and blood of Christ
- In linguistics, the terms anaphor and anaphora are sometimes used interchangeably, although in some theories, a distinction is made between them. See the Wikipedia article.
repetition of a phrase used for emphasis
linguistics: An expression that can refer to virtually any referent
linguistics: expression that refers to another expression
- plural of anaphor