-et

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French -et.

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to form diminutives, loosely construed.

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix[edit]

-et m ‎(masculine plural -ets, feminine -eta, feminine plural -etes)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived terms[edit]



Danish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Forms past participles of some verbs, like -t.
  2. Forms the definite singular of most neuter nouns.
  3. Forms adjectives from nouns with the sense of "like noun"; -esque.

Derived terms[edit]



French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French -et, from Old French -et, from Late Latin -ittus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et m ‎(feminine -ette)

  1. Suffix indicating diminution or affection.

Derived terms[edit]



Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. (noun suffix) Added to a verb to form a noun, expressing the result of the action.
    él(to live)élet(life)
    ítél(to judge)ítélet(judgment)
    mér(to measure)méret(measurement, size)
  2. Added to an occupation ending in -ész to form a collective noun.
    művész(artist)művészet(art)
    lövész(shooter)lövészet(shooting as a sport)
    kertész(gardener)kertészet(gardening establishment)
    sebész(surgeon)sebészet(surgery, as a department in a hospital or as the field of medicine)
  3. (accusative suffix) Used to form the accusative case.
    kert(garden)Láttam egy gyönyörű kertet. - I saw a beautiful garden.
  4. (causative suffix) Added to a verb (or extremely rarely to a noun) to form a verb with a meaning of let, make somebody do something.
    néz(to look)nézet(to make someone look at something)
    ég(to burn; intransitive)éget(to make something burn)
    mér(to measure)méret(to make someone measure something)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (accusative suffix): It can be added to nouns, adjectives, numerals and pronouns. Whether a suffix-initial vowel (linking vowel) will be used is hard to predict and thus needs to be learned with each word. A rule of thumb, however, is that older and shorter words tend to incorporate a vowel, rather than simply use -t. Variants:
    -t is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-. Final -o in foreign words changes to -ó-.
    -ot is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -at is added to some back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -et is added to unrounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öt is added to rounded front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (causative suffix) Variants:
    -at is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    vár(to wait)várat(to have someone wait)
    -et is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant + t and most monosyllabic words
    kér(to ask for)kéret(to have someone ask for)
    -tat is added to back vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    tisztít(to clean)tisztíttat(to have someone clean)
    -tet is added to front vowel words ending in a vowel + t
    keres(to look for)kerestet(to have someone look for)

Derived terms[edit]


See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. third-person singular present active subjunctive of

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French -et.

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Descendants[edit]


Northern Sami[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Samic *-ëjëtēk.

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Forms momentane verbs.
    njuikut(to jump around) + ‎-et → ‎njuiket(to jump once)

Usage notes[edit]

This suffix triggers the strongest grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

Inflection[edit]

Contracted, no gradation
infinitive -et
1st sing. present -en
1st sing. past -ejin
infinitive -et
present participle -ejeaddji
past participle -en
verbal noun -en
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -en -ejin -ejehkon
2nd singular -et -ejit -e
3rd singular -e -ii -ejehkos
1st dual -ejetne -iime -ejeadnu
-ejeahkku
2nd dual -ebeahtti -iide -ejeahkki
3rd dual -eba -iiga -ejehkoska
1st plural -et -iimet -ejetnot
-ejehkot
-ejeahkkot
-ejeadnot
2nd plural -ebehtet -iidet -ejehket
3rd plural -ejit -ejedje -ejehkoset
connegative -e -en -e
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -ešin
-ešedjen
-elin
-eledjen
-ežan
2nd singular -ešit
-ešedjet
-elit
-eledjet
-ežat
3rd singular -ešii -elii -eža
-eš
1st dual -ešeimme -eleimme -ežetne
2nd dual -ešeidde -eleidde -ežeahppi
3rd dual -ešeigga -eleigga -ežeaba
1st plural -ešeimmet -eleimmet -ežit
-ežat
2nd plural -ešeiddet -eleiddet -ežehpet
3rd plural -eše
-ešedje
-ele
-eledje
-ežit
connegative -eše -ele -eš

Derived terms[edit]



Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *-atją, *-itją, *-utją.

Suffix[edit]

-et n

  1. suffix forming nouns from verbs, adjectives, and other nouns (sometimes causes i-mutation)
    þēowot "service, religious service, ministry"
    grafet "trench"
    bærnet "a burning, combustion, cauterizing"
    emnet "level ground, leveling"
    eolet "voyage, departure"
    þiccet "thicket"
    rēwet "rowing; ship, row-boat"
    rȳmet "space, clearance, extension"
    swefet/sweofot(sleep; sleeping)
    þyrnet "thicket of thorns, thorny place"

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin -ittus.

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to form a diminutive, masculine noun.

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: -et

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -ātus.

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. (12th century and before) Alternative form of (suffix used to form past participles of regular -er verbs)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin -etum. Compare Italian -eto, French -aie.

Suffix[edit]

-et n ‎(plural -eturi or -ete)

  1. Used with plant or tree names to form names of orchards, woods, forests, or groves.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin -itus. No longer productive.

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et n ‎(plural -ete)

  1. (unproductive) Used to form nouns derived from the action of some verbs.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]



Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Suffix for definite form singular of neuter nouns, especially if they end with consonant or a stressed vowel.
  2. Suffix for the neuter form of past participles of verbs belonging to the fourth declension (strong verbs). This may be analyzed as two morphemes: a combination of the suffix -en for past participle and -t for neuter, where the n of the first suffix disappears. Such an analysis is historically correct.

Volapük[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-et

  1. Used to indicate a consequential or concrete example

Derived terms[edit]