abba

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English, from Latin, from Ancient Greek, from Aramaic אבא/ܐܒܐ (ʼabbāʼ, father); see abbot.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abba (plural abbas)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch; a title given to Jewish scholars in the Talmudic period.[1]
    Coordinate term: amma
    • 2012, The Book of the Elders: Sayings of the Desert Fathers, →ISBN, page 135:
      The abba of the coenobion went to him and told him about the brother who had slipped up.

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant forms.

Noun[edit]

abba (plural abbas)

  1. Alternative form of aba (Middle Eastern garment).
    • 1836, Thomas Hartwell Horne, Landscape Illustrations of the Bible:
      The rich turbans and flowing robes of the respectable merchants are finely contrasted with the rude sheepskin covering of the mountaineer, and the dark abba of the wandering Arab.
    • 1840, Nicholas Patrick Wiseman, The Dublin Review - Parts 1-2, page 420:
      Around their waist, instead of a shawl, they wear a girdle fastened with monstrous silver clasps which may be ornamented, according to the owner's taste, with jewels and in which they stick not only their Koordish dagger, but a pair of great brass or silver-knobbed pistols; from this, too, hang sundry powder-horns and shot-cases, cartridge-boxes, &c. ; and over all they cast a sort of cloak, or abba, of camel's hair, white or black, or striped white brown and black, clasped on the breast, and floating picturesquely behind.
    • 2014, Robert Richardson, Travels along the Mediterranean and Parts Adjacent, →ISBN, page 284:
      Conceiving that he had some solid reason for his refusal, which he could not with propriety disclose in presence of Omar Effendi, I did not urge him to accompany me; but laying aside my white burnous, which I had hitherto worn after the fashion of Cairo, put on a black abba of the Capo Verde which was brought me by as black a Hercules, of whom the interpreter remarked that there was only one person in Jerusalem, and that too a fellow-servant, who was piu diavolo che lui, more devil than he.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], →ISBN), page 1

Anagrams[edit]

Afar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Afroasiatic *ʔab-, from a nursery word. Cognates include Saho abba, Somali aabo and Hebrew אבא (’abā’).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abˈba/, [ʔʌbˈbʌ]
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba

Noun[edit]

abbá m (plural abbobtí f or abboobí f)

  1. father
  2. chief
  3. director

Declension[edit]

Declension of abbá
absolutive abbá
predicative abbá
subjective abbí
genitive abbí
vocative abbáw
Postpositioned forms
l-case abbál
k-case abbák
t-case abbát
h-case abbáh

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “abba”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Enid M. Parker (2006) English-Afar dictionary, Dunwoody Press, →ISBN, page vi
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[1], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis), page 113

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from the Khoemana/Korana word abba which means to carry someone, especially a child, on your back.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abba (present abba, present participle abbaende, past participle geabba)

  1. (transitive) to carry on one's back

Gallurese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abba f (plural abbi)

  1. Alternative form of apa (bee)

References[edit]

  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964) Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg
  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

abba

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐌱𐌰

Hungarian[edit]

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
ed suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
case v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / -∅
az / -∅
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / -∅
azt / -∅
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

Etymology[edit]

az (that) +‎ -ba (into). The z of the demonstrative pronoun assimilates with the -b of the suffix.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒbːɒ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba

Pronoun[edit]

abba

  1. illative singular of az (pointing at the inside of an object that is farther away from the speaker)
    Antonym: (pointing at the inside of an object close to the speaker) ebbe
    Abba a dobozba rakd a ruhákat.Put the clothes into that box.

Usage notes[edit]

This term may also be part of the split form of a verb prefixed with abba-, occurring when the main verb does not follow the prefix directly. It can be interpreted only with the related verb form, irrespective of its position in the sentence, e.g. meg tudták volna nézni (they could have seen it, from megnéz). For verbs with this prefix, see abba-; for an overview, Appendix:Hungarian verbal prefixes.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Latin abba, from Ancient Greek ἀββα (abba), from Aramaic אבא/ܐܒܐ (ʼabbāʼ, father). Doublet of abate.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈab.ba/
  • Rhymes: -abba
  • Hyphenation: àb‧ba

Noun[edit]

abba m (uncountable)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) abba

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • abba in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Ancient Greek ἀββα (abba), from Aramaic אבא/ܐܒܐ (ʼabbāʼ, father), whence also Late Latin abbās.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abba m (indeclinable)

  1. father
    Synonym: pater
  2. abbot

Descendants[edit]

  • Italian: abba
  • Middle English: abba
  • Norwegian: abba
  • Old Frisian: abba

References[edit]

  • abba”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • abba in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • abba in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.

Marshallese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese はっぱ (発破, happa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [ɑppˠɑ], (enunciated) [ɑpˠ pˠɑ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /ɰæpˠpˠæɰ/
  • Bender phonemes: {habbah}

Noun[edit]

abba (construct form abbain)

  1. (alienable) dynamite

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abba (father), from Ancient Greek ἀββα (abba, father, title of respect given to abbots), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father, teacher, ancestor, leader), from Proto-Semitic *ʔabw- (father), from Proto-Afroasiatic *ʔab-, ultimately an onomatopoeic nursery word. Doublet of abbed and abbé.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abba

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Abba or Father (when speaking directly with God through prayer)
    • (Can we date this quote?), The Holy Bible: Mark 14,36:
      han sa: «Abba, Far! Alt er mulig for deg …»
      he said, "Abba, Father!" Everything is possible for you ... »
    • (Can we date this quote?), The Holy Bible: Rom 8,15:
      dere har fått Ånden som gir rett til å være Guds barn, den som gjør at vi roper: «Abba, Far!»
      you have received the Spirit who gives the right to be children of God, the one who causes us to cry out, 'Abba, Father!'
    • 1817, Hans Nielsen Hauge, Om Religiøse Følelser og deres Værd, page 9:
      [vårt hjerte] siger et Abba kjære fader
      [our heart] says an Abba dear father
    • 1830-1837, Henrik Wergeland, Samlede Skrifter II,3, page 336:
      ja det er sandt som kammerherren siger. Abba! fader!
      yes it is true as the chamberlain says. Abba! father!

References[edit]

  • “abba” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • abba” in Store norske leksikon

Anagrams[edit]

Nyunga[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Nyunga is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Interjection[edit]

abba

  1. g'day

References[edit]

Old Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin abba.

Noun[edit]

abba m

  1. abbot

Inflection[edit]

Declension of abba (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative abba abbaar, abbaa
genitive abbaes abbaa
dative abbae abbaum, abbaem
accusative abba abbaar, abbaa

Saho[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognates include Afar abbá and Somali aabo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abˈba/
  • Hyphenation: ab‧ba

Noun[edit]

abba m (plural abbub m)

  1. father
  2. chief

Declension[edit]

Declension of abba
absolutive abba
subjective abba
genitive abbat

References[edit]

  • Moreno Vergari; Roberta Vergari (2007), “abba”, in A basic Saho-English-Italian Dictionary (revised version)

Sardinian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aqua. Compare with the Campidanese àcua phonetic variation. Compare also with the Romanian apă.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abba f (plural abbas)

  1. (Logudorese, Nuorese) water
    Synonym: (archaic) imbre
  2. (Logudorese, Nuorese) (by extension) rain
    Synonym: proja
  3. (Logudorese, in the plural) amniotic fluid, waters

Derived terms[edit]

Logudorese
Nuorese

Related terms[edit]

Logudorese
Nuorese

References[edit]

  • Wagner, Max Leopold (1960–1964), “ábba”, in Dizionario etimologico sardo, Heidelberg
  • Rubattu, Antoninu (2006) Dizionario universale della lingua di Sardegna, 2nd edition, Sassari: Edes

Sassarese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Castelsardo, Sedini) IPA(key): /ˈabba/

Noun[edit]

abba f (plural abbi)

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of abi (bee)

References[edit]

  • Mauro Maxia (2014) “ábba”, in Piccolo dizionario castellanese e sedinese[2] (in Sassarese), page 8