ܐܒܐ

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Classical Syriac[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾab-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܐܒܐ (ʾăḇāʾm (plural ܐܒܗܬܐor ܐܒܗܐ‎, singular feminine counterpart ܐܡܐ‎)

  1. father
  2. (in the plural) parents
  3. (figuratively) forefather, ancestor, progenitor
  4. monk, abbot; bishop
  5. chief, leader
  6. (figuratively) author, originator, founder, inventor
  7. teacher
Usage notes[edit]
  • Usually, the plural ܐܒܗܐ(ʾăḇāhēʾ) is used for literal senses while ܐܒܗܬܐ(ʾăḇāhāṯāʾ) is used for figurative senses.
  • The word ܐܒܐ‎ is one of only three nouns in the entire language that have an irregular possessive stem ending in the letter Waw; the other two being ܐܚܐ(ʾăḥāʾ, brother) and ܚܡܐ(ḥəmāʾ, father-in-law).
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from an earlier uncontracted form ܐܢܒܐ(ʾenbāʾ), possibly from Akkadian [script needed] (inbu). Compare Hebrew אֵב(ʾēḇ).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ʔɛbbɑ], [ʔabbɑ] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [ʔɛbbe], [ʔabbe], [ʔɛbbɑne], [ʔabbɑne] (plural)

Noun[edit]

ܐܒܐ (ʾebbāʾ, ʾabbāʾm (plural ܐܒܢܐor ܐܒܐ)

  1. produce, fruit, vegetable
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ܐܒܐ (ʾabbāʾm (plural ܐܒܐ)

  1. crocodile
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • ˀb”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2008-11-10
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 1a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 1b-2a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1