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Classical Syriac[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Semitic *raʾš-.


  • IPA(key): [re(j)ʃɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [re(j)ʃe(ʔ)], [re(j)ʃɑne(ʔ)] (plural)


ܪܝܫܐ (rēšām (plural ܪܝܫܢܐ or ܪܝܫܐ)

  1. (anatomy) head, poll
  2. single person
  3. summit, top, tip, point, edge, end
  4. beginning, front, starting point
  5. first, best, chief, principal, superior
  6. preeminence, superiority
  7. ruler, prefect, magistrate
  8. division of a discourse; heading, chapter, treatise
  9. (orthography) initial letter
  10. capital city
  11. region
  12. (military) army, detachment, corps, military unit
  13. first fruits
  14. topic
  15. line
  16. poison, venom


Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܪܝܫܢܐ (rêšānēʾ) is used for the sense of "magistrates" while the plural ܪܝܫܐ (rêšēʾ) is used for all other senses.


  • ry$”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 345b
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, pp. 539b-540a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, pp. 1462b-1463a