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Classical Syriac[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Semitic *raʾš-.


  • IPA(key): [re(j)ʃɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [re(j)ʃe(ʔ)], [re(j)ʃɑne(ʔ)] (plural)


ܪܝܫܐ ‎(transliteration neededm ‎(plural ܪܝܫܢܐ or ܪܝܫܐ)

  1. (anatomy) head, poll
  2. single person
  3. summit, top, tip, point, edge, end
  4. beginning, front, starting point
  5. first, best, chief, principal, superior
  6. preeminence, superiority
  7. ruler, prefect, magistrate
  8. division of a discourse; heading, chapter, treatise
  9. (orthography) initial letter
  10. capital city
  11. region
  12. (military) army, detachment, corps, military unit
  13. first fruits
  14. topic
  15. line
  16. poison, venom


Usage notes[edit]

The plural ܪܝܫܢܐ ‎(rêšānēʾ) is used for the sense of "magistrates" while the plural ܪܝܫܐ ‎(rêšēʾ) is used for all other senses.


  • "ry$" in the Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon.
  • Louis Costaz, Syriac-English Dictionary, 1963, p. 345b
  • Jessie Payne Smith, A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of Robert Payne Smith, 1903, pp. 539b-540a
  • Michael Sokoloff, A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, 2009, pp. 1462b-1463a