Wiktionary:Classical Syriac transliteration

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Classical Syriac transliteration[edit]

Letter/consonant Wiktionary translit. Other translit. IPA Notes
ܐ ʾ ', ˀ, (null) [ʔ] or silent Silent when not immediately followed by a vowel.
ܒ hard: b
soft:
soft: bh, v, β hard: [b]
soft: [v]
Begadkefat letter.
ܓ hard: g
soft:
soft: , gh, ġ, γ hard: [ɡ]
soft: [ɣ]
Begadkefat letter.
ܕ hard: d
soft:
soft: dh, ð, δ hard: [d]
soft: [ð]
Begadkefat letter.
ܗ h [h]
ܘ w [w] Also a vowel (see below).
ܙ z [z]
ܚ H, kh, x, ħ [ħ]
ܛ T, ţ [tˁ]
ܝ y [j] Also a vowel (see below).
ܟ hard: k
soft:
soft: kh, x hard: [k]
soft: [x]
Begadkefat letter.
ܠ l [l]
ܡ m [m]
ܢ n [n]
ܣ s [s]
ܥ ʿ `, ˁ [ʕ]
ܦ hard: p
soft:
soft: , , ph, f hard: [p]
soft: [f]
Begadkefat letter.
ܨ S, ş [sˁ]
ܩ q [q]
ܪ r [r]
ܫ š sh [ʃ]
ܬ hard: t
soft:
soft: th, θ hard: [t]
soft: [θ]
Begadkefat letter.
  • Vowels:
Western vowel Eastern vowel Wiktionary translit. Other translit. IPA Notes
ܰ ܲ a [a] Must occur in a closed syllable.
ܳ ܵ ā aa, â, å, o [ɑ]
ܶ ܸ e i [ɛ] Must occur in a closed syllable.
ܽܘ ܘܼ ū u [u]
ܘܿ ō o, u /oː/, [o]
o ō, u /o/, [o]
ܝܺ ܝܼ ī i [i]
ܹ ē ī, i [e]
ܶܝ ܹܝ ê ē [e̝]
(null) (null) ə , e, (null) [ə] Must occur in an open syllable. Later became deleted at some point in the development of Syriac.
ܰ ܲ ă a [ă] Must occur in an open syllable.
ܶ ܸ ĕ e, i [ɛ̆] Must occur in an open syllable.