-ról

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Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *roγ- (nearness) or Proto-Ugric *raŋɜ (surface) + -l (archaic ablative case suffix) formed the suffixed nominal *roγol. This turned into a postposition during the ancient Hungarian era. The γ inside the word was dropped and the shortened ról lost its independent role and became a case suffix. Its harmonic variant -ről appeared in the early Old Hungarian era.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [roːl]
  • (file)

Suffix[edit]

-ról

  1. (case suffix) Used to form the delative case, indicating movement from a surface.
    1. from (place)
      Magyarországról kaptam egy levelet.I received a letter from Hungary.
      Leesett a lóról.He fell from the horse.
    2. off (place)
      Levette a poharat az asztalról.She took the glass off the table.
      Leszálltak a vonatról.They got off the train.
    3. from (time)
      napról naprafrom day to day
    4. of, about, on
      Sokszor beszél a családjáról.He often talks about his family.

Usage notes[edit]

  • (case suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ról is added to back vowel words. Final -a changes to -á-.
    fa (tree) → A gesztenye lehullott a fáról. - The chestnuts had fallen off the tree.
    -ről is added to front vowel words. Final -e changes to -é-.
    zene (music) → A zenéről beszélgettünk. - We were talking about music.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #1836 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Gábor Zaicz, Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete, Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN