az

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adverb[edit]

az (not comparable)

  1. Eye dialect spelling of as.
    • 1790, Noah Webster, A Collection of Essays and Fugitiv Writings, pages 340–341:
      The whole legiſlature likewize acts az a court for the trial of public delinquents.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic азъ (azŭ).

Noun[edit]

az (uncountable)

  1. Name of the letter a in Cyrillic and Glagolitic alphabets.
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic аз
Roman az
Perso-Arabic آز

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Old Turkic [Term?] (/az/, few, little, a bit, a little).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɑz]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

az

  1. few, little

Adverb[edit]

az

  1. a bit, a little
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely from ay qız.

Interjection[edit]

az

  1. An informal way of addressing a girl.
    Az, nə qayırırsan?!Hey, what are you doing?!

See also[edit]


Breton[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

az

  1. you (sg acc.)

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Old Turkic [Term?] (/az/, few, little, a bit, a little).

Adjective[edit]

az

  1. few, little

Synonyms[edit]


Gagauz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āŕ (few, a little). Compare Turkish az.

Adjective[edit]

az

  1. few

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The pronoun and determiner senses probably derive from an earlier a[1] + a pronoun-forming suffix -z,[2] where the former element originates from Proto-Uralic *o or *u (that, that other).[3] Its cognates include Moksha омба (omba, other), омбоце (omboce, second), Eastern Mari умбал (umbal, far, distant),[4][5] Udmurt отын (otyn, there)[6][7] and Komi-Zyrian [script needed] (ata, here), [script needed] (asi̮, look here).[3]

The definite article was created by means of conversion,[2][1] originally only in the form az, later shortened to a’ before consonants until the early 20th century, when the spelling a was accepted.

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

az

  1. the (for words beginning with a vowel) [from 13th–14th c.]
    az iskolathe school

Derived terms[edit]

  • a (for words beginning with a consonant)

Pronoun[edit]

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / Ø
az / Ø
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / Ø
azt / Ø
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

az

  1. that [from late 12th c.]
    Coordinate terms: ez, emez, amaz
    Az ott egy ház.That is a house over there.
    Az tetszik nekem a legjobban.That is what I like the most. (literally, “That appeals to me the most.”)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of az
singular plural
nominative az azok
accusative azt azokat
dative annak azoknak
instrumental azzal azokkal
causal-final azért azokért
translative azzá azokká
terminative addig azokig
essive-formal akként azokként
essive-modal
inessive abban azokban
superessive azon azokon
adessive annál azoknál
illative abba azokba
sublative arra azokra
allative ahhoz azokhoz
elative abból azokból
delative arról azokról
ablative attól azoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
azé azoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
azéi azokéi

Derived terms[edit]

Determiner[edit]

az

  1. (used before a noun phrase with a definite article, declined in accordance with the noun phrase it applies to) that
    Coordinate terms: ez, emez, amaz
    Az a ház nagyon szép.That house is very beautiful.
    Azzal a dobozzal nem tudok mit kezdeni.I cannot do anything with that box.
    Azokban a házakban venezuelaiak laknak.In those houses, Venezuelan people are living.
  2. (rare, archaic, otherwise only in certain fixed phrases beginning with a vowel, followed by no article) that
    Synonym: a (before words starting with a consonant; very rare in this function)
    Coordinate terms: e, ez, eme, emez, ama, amaz, ezen, azon
    az ügyben (equivalent to abban az ügyben, but with an emphatic az)in that matter
    az évben (equivalent to abban az évben, but with an emphatic az)in that year
    az az évi díjak (with an emphatic second az)the fees of that year

Usage notes[edit]

Because az (in the first, common usage) takes a definite article (the) and van (“is, to be”) is omitted in "who"/"what" statements, some terms are ambiguous. “Az a ház” can mean both “that house” as a phrase and “That is the house” as a whole sentence. The same ambiguity may arise with ez.

Declension[edit]

Inflection of az
singular plural
nominative az azok
accusative azt azokat
dative annak azoknak
instrumental azzal azokkal
causal-final azért azokért
translative azzá azokká
terminative addig azokig
essive-formal akként azokként
essive-modal
inessive abban azokban
superessive azon azokon
adessive annál azoknál
illative abba azokba
sublative arra azokra
allative ahhoz azokhoz
elative abból azokból
delative arról azokról
ablative attól azoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
azé azoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
azéi azokéi

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Gerstner, Károly (ed.). Új magyar etimológiai szótár. (’New Etymological Dictionary of Hungarian’). Work in progress. Nyelvtudományi Intézet (Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary). Two volumes: A–K, L–Zs.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 Entry #656 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive
  4. ^ Mari–English dictionary
  5. ^ Mari–Russian dictionary
  6. ^ Estonian–Udmurt dictionary (looking up Estonian seal (there))
  7. ^ отын in the Finnish Wiktionary

Further reading[edit]

  • az in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)
  • (pronoun or determiner): az in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • (definite article, referring to its alternative form "a"): az in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • (the referred entry on the definite article): a in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’An Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Latvian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

az (with genitive)

  1. (dialectal) behind; alternative form of aiz

Mapudungun[edit]

Noun[edit]

az (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. countenance; face; side
  2. form; colour; aspect
  3. personality; habit
  4. kinship

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

az m (plural azes)

  1. Obsolete spelling of ás

Talysh[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

az (ergative )

  1. I

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish آز(az, little), from Proto-Turkic *āŕ (few, a little). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰀𐰕(az /āz/, few, little, a bit, a little), Karakhanid اازْ(āz, few, scanty).

Determiner[edit]

az (comparative daha az, superlative en az)

  1. few, little
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

az

  1. a bit, a little

Antonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

az

  1. second-person singular imperative of azmak