аз

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Bulgarian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Church Slavonic азъ (azŭ),[1] from Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ,[2][3][4] from Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [as]
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

аз (az) (personal)

  1. I; the first-person singular pronoun in the nominative case, used as the subject of a verb.
    Аз съм по-висо́ка от теб.
    Az sǎm po-visóka ot teb.
    I am taller than you.
    Аз не гово́ря англи́йски.
    Az ne govórja anglíjski.
    I don't speak English.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Georgiev V. I., editor (1971), “аз”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 5
  2. ^ Mate Kapović, Reconstruction of Balto-Slavic Personal Pronouns (2006)
  3. ^ Georgiev V. I., editor (1971), “аз”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 5
  4. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1974), “*azъ”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological Dictionary of Slavic Languages] (in Russian), volume 1: (*a – *besědьlivъ), Moscow: Nauka, page 100

Chechen[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *awaz, from a Turkic language, ultimately from Persian آواز‎. Compare Tatar аваз (awaz).

Noun[edit]

аз (az)

  1. voice

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic аз (az)
Arabic از
Latin {{{3}}}

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āŕ (few, little). Cognate with Turkish az, Azerbaijani az, etc.

Adverb[edit]

аз (az)

  1. few, little

Kumyk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āŕ (few, little). Cognate with Azerbaijani az, etc.

Adverb[edit]

аз (az)

  1. few
  2. a little

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • аз in Kumyksko-russkij slovarʹ, 2013

Kyrgyz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *āŕ (few, little). Cognate with Azerbaijani az, etc.

Adverb[edit]

аз (az)

  1. few
  2. a little

Mongolian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Often paired and contrasted with эз (edz, omen, fate).
Morphologically it looks like the Mongolic defective verb *a- (be) + (-dz) (ᠵᠠ (ǰa) ) suffix, but the semantics are unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

аз (adz) (Mongolian spelling ᠠᠵᠠ (aǰa))

  1. fortune, luck

Derived terms[edit]


Ossetian[edit]

Noun[edit]

аз (az)

  1. year

Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the pronoun with the same spelling, see below.

Noun[edit]

аз (azm inan (genitive аза́, nominative plural азы́, genitive plural азо́в)

  1. (archaic) name of the Cyrillic letter А, а
    Synonym: а (a)
  2. (plural only, dated) letters
  3. (plural only) basics, fundamentals
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic азъ (azŭ), from Proto-Slavic *(j)azъ.

Pronoun[edit]

аз (az)

  1. (archaic, biblical) I (first person singular nominative pronoun)
    Synonym: я (ja)
    аз есмь госпо́дь бог твойaz jesmʹ gospódʹ bog tvojI am your Lord God

Pronoun[edit]

аз (az) (genitive аза́)

  1. (colloquial, ironic) yours truly, your humble servant (as a self-deprecating, third-person reference to oneself)
    поми́луй гре́шного аза́pomíluj gréšnovo azáforgive this humble sinner
Declension[edit]

Tajik[edit]

Dari از
Iranian Persian
Tajik аз (az)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭬𐭭(az).

Preposition[edit]

аз (az)

  1. from, since

Tatar[edit]

Adverb[edit]

аз (az)

  1. a bit, slightly