ни

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ни (ni) (personal, possessive)

  1. Short form of the first-person plural pronoun in the accusative case, used as the direct object of a verb; us.
    Не мисля, че ни видяха да идваме.
    Ne mislja, če ni vidjaha da idvame.
    I don't think they saw us come.
  2. Short form of the first-person plural pronoun in the dative case, used as the indirect object of a verb; to us, for us, us.
    Бихте ли ни казали в колко часа каца самолетът?
    Bihte li ni kazali v kolko časa kaca samoletǎt?
    Could you tell us at what time the plane lands?
  3. Short form of the first-person plural possessive pronoun; our.
    Първата ни спирка е Париж.
    Pǎrvata ni spirka e Pariž.
    Our first stop is Paris.

Related terms[edit]

Particle[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. Used for emphasis to mean 'no thing or person'; not a, not one.
    Не обели ни дума.
    Ne obeli ni duma.
    He didn't say a single word.
    Ни един от хората, които бях поканил, не дойде.
    Ni edin ot horata, koito bjah pokanil, ne dojde.
    Not one of the people I'd invited showed up.

Synonyms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. Used to show that a negative statement is true of two things; neither, nor.
    Това е ни в клин, ни в ръкав.
    Tova e ni v klin, ni v rǎkav.
    That is neither here nor there.
    Тя ни знае, ни се интересува какво се е случило.
    Tja ni znae, ni se interesuva kakvo se e slučilo.
    She neither knows nor cares what happened.

Synonyms[edit]


Dungan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Standard Mandarin ().

Adjective[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. you

Erzya[edit]

Noun[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. wife

Macedonian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. neither
    Нема ни жена ни деца.
    He has neither a wife nor children.

Synonyms[edit]

Particle[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. not even
    Ни мајката не те сака.
    Not even your mother loves you.
    Не сакаше ни да се обиде.
    He didn't even want to try.
  2. neither, either
    Ни јас не сакам да дојдам.
    I don't want to come either.

Pronoun[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. Short indirect object form of ние (nie).

Nivkh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ни (transliteration needed)

  1. I

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ni (nor, not), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *nei, from Proto-Indo-European *nei.

Conjunction[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. not

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: ни (ni), не (ne)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: ни
    Roman: ni
  • Slovene: ni
  • Ukrainian: ні (ni)

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. neither, nor
    ни он, ни она — neither he nor she
    ни кушает, ни спит — neither eats nor sleeps

Particle[edit]

ни (ni)

  1. not a
    ни один из стаnot one in a hundred
  2. (between a personal pronoun and the verb in the affirmative) whatever, however
    что он ни ска́жетwhatever he says
    как бы он ни был бога́тhowever rich he may be
  3. (before какой, кто, что) any, no
    ни в какой кни́геin any book, in no book
  4. (with не) nothing
    ни на что не годи́тсяit’s good for nothing

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ni (nor, not), from Proto-Balto-Slavic *nej, from Proto-Indo-European *ney. Compare ни-, не.

Particle[edit]

ни (Latin spelling ni)

  1. (emphasizes negation) even, either
    ни ја то не знам — even I don't know that; I don't know that either
    нисам хт(ј)ео ни да чујем за пр(иј)едлог — I didn't even want to listen about the proposal

Conjunction[edit]

ни (Latin spelling ni)

  1. neither, nor
    она није ни паметна ни(ти) марљива — she is neither smart nor industrious
    ни трага ни гласа о .. — not a trace about ..
    ни крив ни дужан — completely innocent