он

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Adyghe[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

он (on) (??? please indicate transitivity!)

  1. to hit someone or something physically and directly (not by throwing for example)
    кӏалэр дэпкъым ео
    č̣̍ālăr dăpqəm eo
    the boy is hitting the wall. (transitive)
    усэоныу уфая? — do you want me to hit you? (transitive)
    Кӏалэм уемэуDon't hit the boy. (transitive)
    А кӏалэхэр къуотых — Those boys will hit you. (transitive)
    Кӏалэр мао — The boy is hitting. (intransitive)
  2. to eat with gusto
    нэкӏо пицэ ткъеот — let's eat a pizza! (with gusto) (transitive)
    пицэ укъеота?are you going to eat a pizza? (with gusto) (transitive)
    кӏалэр пицэ ео — The boy is eating a pizza (with gusto) (transitive)
  3. to play music
    кIалэр гитарым къео — the boy is playing the guitar (transitive)
    пяноуым шъукъеуа? — do you (plural) play the piano? (transitive)
    пшынэм еуPlay the accordion. (transitive)
  4. to shake (milk)
  5. to shoot (кӏэрахъомкӏэ еон)
    кӏалэр кӏэрахъомкӏэ ео тгъужъым — the boy is shooting the wolf with the gun. (transitive)
  6. to spend money thriftily
  7. to sting
  8. to weed
  9. to smoke
    лӏэр хьащищ ео — The man is smoking Hashish. (transitive)
  10. (mathematics) to multiply
    щым плӏыкӏэ уеомэ пшӏыкӏутӏу къычӏэкьижьытIf you multiply three times four it will make twelve. (transitive)

Conjugation[edit]

Transitive:

Intransitive:

See also[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic он
Roman on
Perso-Arabic

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (on, ten).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Numeral[edit]

он

  1. (cardinal) ten

Bashkir[edit]

Он.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ūn (flour).

Cognate with Kazakh ұн (un, flour), Kyrgyz ун (un, flour), Uzbek un (flour), Khakas ун (un, flour), Turkish un (flour).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʊ̞n/
  • Hyphenation: он (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. flour
    Арыш оно.
    Arïš ono.
    Rye flour.
    Табаҡҡа биш йомортҡа һытығыҙ, ондо ҡушып болғағыҙ.
    Tabaqqa biš yomortqa hïtïğïð, ondo qušïp bolğağïð.
    Crack five eggs into the bowl, add flour and stir.

Declension[edit]


Karachay-Balkar[edit]

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. (cardinal) ten

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic он (on)
Arabic ون
Kazakh cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : оныншы (onınşı)

Etymology[edit]

From Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(on, ten), from Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on.

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. (cardinal) ten
    он күнon künten days

Khakas[edit]

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. (cardinal) ten

Komi-Permyak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *adema.

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. dream

Kyrgyz[edit]

Kyrgyz cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. (cardinal) ten

Mongolian[edit]

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. year

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [on]
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

он (on) (feminine она́, neuter оно́)

  1. third-person masculine singular pronoun: he, it.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́ (ot nevó) (from him), на нём (na njom) (on him), у него́ (u nevó) (he has), к нему́ (k nemú) (to him), с ним (s nim) (with him).
  • The explanation for the н-prothesis is that, originally, some Russian prepositions ended in the letter -н: сън (sŭn, “with”...cf. Greek σύν (σύν), Latin cum). Eventually, the final н of these prepositions migrated across to the pronoun, so that сън им became modern с ним (s nim), and then this was extended to include all prepositions when governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́ (jevó) (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: у его́ бра́та (u jevó bráta) (at his brother’s), о его́ ма́тери (o jevó máteri) (about his mother), в его́ ко́мнате (v jevó kómnate) (in his room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of он, the н- is not added: у самого́ его́ (u samovó jevó) (with him himself).

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Rusyn[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronoun[edit]

он (on) (feminine вна́, neuter вно́)

  1. he
    Ани он, ани его сочасникы не поважовали тогочасный церковнославянскый язык за чужородный.
    Any on, any eho sočasnykŷ ne považovaly tohočasnŷj cerkovnoslavjanskŷj jazŷk za čužorodnŷj.
    He or his contemporaries did not consider Church Slavon of that time as a foreign language.

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

о̑н (Latin spelling ȏn)

  1. he

Declension[edit]


Tajik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

Dari Persian آن
Iranian Persian آن
Tajiki Persian он (on)

он (on)

  1. that

Pronoun[edit]

Dari Persian آن
Iranian Persian آن
Tajiki Persian он (on)

он (on)

  1. that
  2. it
  3. she
  4. he