он

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Adyghe[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

он (on) (??? please indicate transitivity!)

  1. to hit someone or something physically and directly (not by throwing for example)
    кӏалэр дэпкъым ео
    č̣̍ālăr dăpqəm eo
    the boy is hitting the wall. (transitive)
    усэоныу уфая?
    wsăonəw wfājā?
    Do you want me to hit you? (transitive)
    Кӏалэм уемэу
    Č̣̍ālăm wemăw
    Don't hit the boy. (transitive)
    А кӏалэхэр къуотых
    Ā č̣̍ālăxăr q°otəx
    Those boys will hit you. (transitive)
    Кӏалэр мао
    Č̣̍ālăr māo
    The boy is hitting. (intransitive)
  2. to eat with gusto
    нэкӏо пицэ ткъеот
    năč̣̍o pică tqeot
    Let's eat a pizza! (with gusto) (transitive)
    пицэ укъеота?
    pică wqeotā?
    Are you going to eat a pizza? (with gusto) (transitive)
    кӏалэр пицэ ео
    č̣̍ālăr pică eo
    The boy is eating a pizza (with gusto) (transitive)
  3. to play music
    кIалэр гитарым къео
    kIālăr ɣitārəm qeo
    the boy is playing the guitar (transitive)
    пяноуым шъукъеуа?
    pjānowəm ŝ°qewā?
    Do you (plural) play the piano? (transitive)
    пшынэм еу
    pšənăm ew
    Play the accordion. (transitive)
  4. to shake (milk)
  5. to shoot (кӏэрахъомкӏэ еон)
    кӏалэр кӏэрахъомкӏэ ео тгъужъым
    č̣̍ālăr č̣̍ărāχomč̣̍ă eo tġ°ẑəm
    The boy is shooting the wolf with the gun. (transitive)
  6. to spend money thriftily
  7. to sting
  8. to weed
  9. to smoke
    лӏэр хьащищ ео
    ḷăr ḥāš̍iš̍ eo
    The man is smoking hashish. (transitive)
  10. (mathematics) to multiply
    щым плӏыкӏэ уеомэ пшӏыкӏутӏу къычӏэкьижьыт
    š̍əm pḷəč̣̍ă weomă pṣ̂əḳ°ṭ° qəč̣ăk’iž̍ət
    If you multiply three times four it will make twelve. (transitive)

Conjugation[edit]

Transitive:

Intransitive:

Conjugation[edit]

See also[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic он
Latin on
Perso-Arabic

Numeral[edit]

он

  1. Cyrillic spelling of on (ten)

Bashkir[edit]

Он.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ūn (flour).

Cognate with Kazakh ұн (un, flour), Kyrgyz ун (un, flour), Uzbek un (flour), Khakas ун (un, flour), Turkish un (flour).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʊ̞n/
  • Hyphenation: он (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. flour
    Арыш оно.
    Arïš ono.
    Rye flour.
    Баҙарҙан ике тоҡ он һатып алдым.
    Baðarðan ike toq on hatïp aldïm.
    I bought two sacks of flour at the marketplace.
    Табаҡҡа биш йомортҡа һытығыҙ, ондо ҡушып болғағыҙ.
    Tabaqqa biš yomortqa hïtïğïð, ondo qušïp bolğağïð.
    Crack five eggs into the bowl, add flour and stir.

Declension[edit]


Buryat[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *on.

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. year

Kalmyk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *on.

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. year

Karachay-Balkar[edit]

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic он
Arabic ون
Kazakh cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : оныншы (onınşı)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognates include Turkish on, Old Turkic 𐰆𐰣(on, ten), etc.

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten
    он адам
    on adam
    ten people

Khakas[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten).

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten

Komi-Permyak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Permic *on, from Proto-Uralic *adema. Cognates include Komi-Zyrian ун (un) and Udmurt ум (um).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈon/
  • Hyphenation: он

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. sleep
  2. dream

Komi-Zyrian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈon/, [ˈo̞n]
  • Hyphenation: он

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

он (on)

  1. second-person present/future of оз (oz)

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of ун (un, dream)
Declension[edit]
Declension of он (stem: онм-)
singular plural
nominative он (on) онъяс (onʺjas)
accusative он (on) онъяс (onʺjas)
instrumental онмӧн (onmön) онъясӧн (onʺjasön)
comitative онкӧд (onköd) онъяскӧд (onʺjasköd)
caritive онтӧг (ontög) онъястӧг (onʺjastög)
consecutive онла (onla) онъясла (onʺjasla)
genitive онлӧн (onlön) онъяслӧн (onʺjaslön)
ablative онлысь (onlysʹ) онъяслысь (onʺjaslysʹ)
dative онлы (only) онъяслы (onʺjasly)
inessive онмын (onmyn) онъясын (onʺjasyn)
elative онмысь (onmysʹ) онъясысь (onʺjasysʹ)
illative онмӧ (onmö) онъясӧ (onʺjasö)
egressive онсянь (onsjanʹ) онъяссянь (onʺjassjanʹ)
approximative онлань (onlanʹ) онъяслань (onʺjaslanʹ)
terminative онмӧдз (onmödz) онъясӧдз (onʺjasödz)
prolative онмӧд (onmöd) онъясӧд (onʺjasöd)
онті (ontï) онъясті (onʺjastï)
Possessive declension of он
First person singular
singular plural
nominative онмӧй (onmöj) онъясӧй (onʺjasöj)
accusative онмӧй (onmöj) онъясӧй (onʺjasöj)
instrumental оннам (onnam) онъяснам (onʺjasnam)
comitative онмӧйкӧд (onmöjköd) онъясӧйкӧд (onʺjasöjköd)
caritive онтӧгым (ontögym) онъястӧгым (onʺjastögym)
consecutive онмӧйла (onmöjla) онъясӧйла (onʺjasöjla)
genitive онмӧйлӧн (onmöjlön) онъясӧйлӧн (onʺjasöjlön)
ablative онмӧйлысь (onmöjlysʹ) онъясӧйлысь (onʺjasöjlysʹ)
dative онмӧйлы (onmöjly) онъясӧйлы (onʺjasöjly)
inessive онмам (onmam) онъясам (onʺjasam)
elative онсьым (onsʹym) онъяссьым (onʺjassʹym)
illative онмам (onmam) онъясам (onʺjasam)
egressive онсяньым (onsjanʹym) онъяссяньым (onʺjassjanʹym)
approximative онланьым (onlanʹym) онъясланьым (onʺjaslanʹym)
terminative онмӧдзым (onmödzym) онъясӧдзым (onʺjasödzym)
prolative онмӧдым (onmödym) онъясӧдым (onʺjasödym)
онтіым (ontïym) онъястіым (onʺjastïym)
Second person singular
singular plural
nominative онмыд (onmyd) онъясыд (onʺjasyd)
accusative онмыд (onmyd) онъясыд (onʺjasyd)
instrumental оннад (onnad) онъяснад (onʺjasnad)
comitative онмыдкӧд (onmydköd) онъясыдкӧд (onʺjasydköd)
caritive онтӧгыд (ontögyd) онъястӧгыд (onʺjastögyd)
consecutive онмыдла (onmydla) онъясыдла (onʺjasydla)
genitive онмыдлӧн (onmydlön) онъясыдлӧн (onʺjasydlön)
ablative онмыдлысь (onmydlysʹ) онъясыдлысь (onʺjasydlysʹ)
dative онмыдлы (onmydly) онъясыдлы (onʺjasydly)
inessive онмад (onmad) онъясад (onʺjasad)
elative онсьыд (onsʹyd) онъяссьыд (onʺjassʹyd)
illative онмад (onmad) онъясад (onʺjasad)
egressive онсяньыд (onsjanʹyd) онъяссяньыд (onʺjassjanʹyd)
approximative онланьыд (onlanʹyd) онъясланьыд (onʺjaslanʹyd)
terminative онмӧдзыд (onmödzyd) онъясӧдзыд (onʺjasödzyd)
prolative онмӧдыд (onmödyd) онъясӧдыд (onʺjasödyd)
онтіыд (ontïyd) онъястіыд (onʺjastïyd)
Third person singular
singular plural
nominative онмыс (onmys) онъясыс (onʺjasys)
accusative онмыс (onmys) онъясыс (onʺjasys)
instrumental оннас (onnas) онъяснас (onʺjasnas)
comitative онмыскӧд (onmysköd) онъясыскӧд (onʺjasysköd)
caritive онтӧгыс (ontögys) онъястӧгыс (onʺjastögys)
consecutive онмысла (onmysla) онъясысла (onʺjasysla)
genitive онмыслӧн (onmyslön) онъясыслӧн (onʺjasyslön)
ablative онмыслысь (onmyslysʹ) онъясыслысь (onʺjasyslysʹ)
dative онмыслы (onmysly) онъясыслы (onʺjasysly)
inessive онмас (onmas) онъясас (onʺjasas)
elative онсьыс (onsʹys) онъяссьыс (onʺjassʹys)
illative онмас (onmas) онъясас (onʺjasas)
egressive онсяньыс (onsjanʹys) онъяссяньыс (onʺjassjanʹys)
approximative онланьыс (onlanʹys) онъясланьыс (onʺjaslanʹys)
terminative онмӧдзыс (onmödzys) онъясӧдзыс (onʺjasödzys)
prolative онмӧдыс (onmödys) онъясӧдыс (onʺjasödys)
онтіыс (ontïys) онъястіыс (onʺjastïys)
First person plural
singular plural
nominative онным (onnym) онъясным (onʺjasnym)
accusative онным (onnym) онъясным (onʺjasnym)
instrumental оннаным (onnanym) онъяснаным (onʺjasnanym)
comitative онмнымкӧд (onmnymköd) онъяснымкӧд (onʺjasnymköd)
caritive онтӧгным (ontögnym) онъястӧгным (onʺjastögnym)
consecutive онмнымла (onmnymla) онъяснымла (onʺjasnymla)
genitive онмнымлӧн (onmnymlön) онъяснымлӧн (onʺjasnymlön)
ablative онмнымлысь (onmnymlysʹ) онъяснымлысь (onʺjasnymlysʹ)
dative онмнымлы (onmnymly) онъяснымлы (onʺjasnymly)
inessive онманым (onmanym) онъясаным (onʺjasanym)
elative онсьыным (onsʹynym) онъяссьыным (onʺjassʹynym)
illative онманым (onmanym) онъясаным (onʺjasanym)
egressive онсяньыным (onsjanʹynym) онъяссяньыным (onʺjassjanʹynym)
approximative онланьыным (onlanʹynym) онъясланьыным (onʺjaslanʹynym)
terminative онмӧдзыным (onmödzynym) онъясӧдзыным (onʺjasödzynym)
prolative онмӧдыным (onmödynym) онъясӧдыным (onʺjasödynym)
онтіыным (ontïynym) онъястіыным (onʺjastïynym)
Second person plural
singular plural
nominative онныд (onnyd) онъясныд (onʺjasnyd)
accusative онныд (onnyd) онъясныд (onʺjasnyd)
instrumental оннаныд (onnanyd) онъяснадныд (onʺjasnadnyd)
comitative онныдкӧд (onnydköd) онъясныдкӧд (onʺjasnydköd)
caritive онтӧгныд (ontögnyd) онъястӧгныд (onʺjastögnyd)
consecutive онныдла (onnydla) онъясныдла (onʺjasnydla)
genitive онныдлӧн (onnydlön) онъясныдлӧн (onʺjasnydlön)
ablative онныдлысь (onnydlysʹ) онъясныдлысь (onʺjasnydlysʹ)
dative онныдлы (onnydly) онъясныдлы (onʺjasnydly)
inessive онманыд (onmanyd) онъясаныд (onʺjasanyd)
elative онсьыныд (onsʹynyd) онъяссьыныд (onʺjassʹynyd)
illative онманыд (onmanyd) онъясаныд (onʺjasanyd)
egressive онсяньыныд (onsjanʹynyd) онъяссяньыныд (onʺjassjanʹynyd)
approximative онланьыныд (onlanʹynyd) онъясланьыныд (onʺjaslanʹynyd)
terminative онмӧдзныд (onmödznyd) онъясӧдзныд (onʺjasödznyd)
prolative онмӧдныд (onmödnyd) онъясӧдныд (onʺjasödnyd)
онтіныд (ontïnyd) онъястіныд (onʺjastïnyd)
Third person plural
singular plural
nominative онмныс (onmnys) онъясныс (onʺjasnys)
accusative онныс (onnys) онъясныс (onʺjasnys)
instrumental оннаныс (onnanys) онъяснаныс (onʺjasnanys)
comitative онмныскӧд (onmnysköd) онъясныскӧд (onʺjasnysköd)
caritive онтӧгныс (ontögnys) онъястӧгныс (onʺjastögnys)
consecutive онмнысла (onmnysla) онъясныссла (onʺjasnyssla)
genitive онмныслӧн (onmnyslön) онъяснысслӧн (onʺjasnysslön)
ablative онмныслысь (onmnyslysʹ) онъяснысслысь (onʺjasnysslysʹ)
dative онмныслы (onmnysly) онъяснысслы (onʺjasnyssly)
inessive онманыс (onmanys) онъясаныс (onʺjasanys)
elative онсьыныс (onsʹynys) онъяссьыныс (onʺjassʹynys)
illative онманыс (onmanys) онъясаныс (onʺjasanys)
egressive онсяньныс (onsjanʹnys) онъяссяньныс (onʺjassjanʹnys)
approximative онланьныс (onlanʹnys) онъясланьныс (onʺjaslanʹnys)
terminative онмӧдзныс (onmödznys) онъясӧдзныс (onʺjasödznys)
prolative онмӧдныс (onmödnys) онъясӧдныс (onʺjasödnys)
онтіныс (ontïnys) онъястіныс (onʺjastïnys)

References[edit]

  • A. I. Podorova, editor (1948) Коми-Русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], Syktyvkar: Коми Государственное Издательство, page 143
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-Русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 454

Kumyk[edit]

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten

Kyrgyz[edit]

Kyrgyz cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten

Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

он (on)

  1. (dialectal) he

Synonyms[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *hon.

Noun[edit]

он (on)

  1. year

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [on]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -on

Pronoun[edit]

он (on) (feminine она́, neuter оно́)

  1. third-person masculine singular pronoun: he, it.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Whenever a preposition stands immediately before any of the oblique cases of the third-person pronoun (singular or plural) and directly governs it, then an н- must be prefixed to the pronoun: от него́ (ot nevó) (from him), на нём (na njóm) (on him), у него́ (u nevó) (he has), к нему́ (k nemú) (to him), с ним (s nim) (with him).
  • This comes from Proto-Slavic prepositions such as *sъ(n) (sŭ(n), "with", cf. Greek σύν (σύν), Latin cum), that originally ended in -n and governed oblique cases. Since the prepositions and the pronouns occurred together so often, it was easy to lose track of which word the final -n belonged to, and the n was reinterpreted as part of the pronouns (Old English an, in the same way, lost its -n except before vowels, and sometimes gave it to the following word, as in English adder from Old English nædre), so that Proto-Slavic *sъ(n) *jьmi became modern Russian с ни́ми (s ními), and this new rule was extended to all prepositions governing any third-person pronoun.
  • Note that if the preposition does not directly govern его́ (jevó) (i.e., when его is a possessive pronoun), then н- is not prefixed: у его́ бра́та (u jevó bráta) (at his brother’s), от его́ ма́тери (ot jevó máteri) (from his mother), в его́ ко́мнате (v jevó kómnate) (in his room).
  • When there is another word separating a preposition and any oblique case of он, the н- is not added: у самого́ его́ (u samovó jevó) (with him himself).

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Rusyn[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic онъ (onŭ), from Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronoun[edit]

он (on) (feminine вна́, neuter вно́)

  1. he
    Ани он, ани его сочасникы не поважовали тогочасный церковнославянскый язык за чужородный.
    Any on, any eho sočasnykŷ ne považovaly tohočasnŷj cerkovnoslavjanskŷj jazŷk za čužorodnŷj.
    He or his contemporaries did not consider Church Slavonic of that time as a foreign language.

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *onъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

о̑н (Latin spelling ȏn)

  1. he

Declension[edit]


Southern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognate with Kazakh он (on), Kumyk он (on), Azerbaijani on Turkish on, Shor он, etc.

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten

Related terms[edit]


Tajik[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭠𐭭(ān, that, he).

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

Dari آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он (on)

он (on)

  1. that

Pronoun[edit]

Dari آن
Iranian Persian
Tajik он (on)

он (on)

  1. that
  2. it
  3. she
  4. he

Tuvan[edit]

Tuvan cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : он (on)
    Ordinal : онгу (ongu)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *ōn (ten). Cognate with Turkish on.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

он (on)

  1. ten