сан

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic санъ (sanŭ) (u-stem), probably of Oghur origin. Cognate with Turkish san (reputation), Turkmen san (account), Kazakh санау (sanaw, count), Tatar san (number) and akin to dial. Turkish sаnаmаk (to take into account), Uzbek sanamoq (to count) from Proto-Turkic *sā(j)- (to count, to determine). Through another suffix is perhaps Bulgarian самчия (samčija, (old-time) governor).

Noun[edit]

сан (sanm

  1. (literary, obsolescent) rank, administrative position

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • сан in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • Račeva M., Todorov T., editors (2002) , “сан”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 6, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 457

Chechen[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. genitive singular of со (so)

Dungan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-sum, cognate to Standard Mandarin (sān).

Numeral[edit]

сан (san)

  1. three

Erzya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *sëne.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. (anatomy) tendon, sinew
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      связка — 3. анат. сан
      svjazka — 3. anat. san
      tendon [in Russian] — tendon
  2. (dialectal, anatomy) penis
    • Heikki Paasonen, Mordwinisches Wörterbuch
      san — (E:Bug Večk auch:) [мужской член] / Penis
      san — (E:Bug Večk auch:) [mužskoj člen] / Penis
      penis — (dialect identifiers) [Russian, German translation]
      koda lomań v́ijse͔nᴣe͔, ḱeḿe sonᴣo sanozo — Wenn der Mann (‘Mensch’) bei Kräften ist, ist sein Glied stark.
      koda lomań v́ijse͔nᴣe͔, ḱeḿe sonᴣo sanozo — Wenn der Mann (‘Mensch’) bei Kräften ist, ist sein Glied stark.
      [literal translation from Erzya] when a man is in his strength, firm his penis is — [German translation]

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • Саназей (Sanazej, a spirit/deity that rules over the penis)

References[edit]

  1. ^ сан (san) in Álgu-tietokanta, Kotimaisten kielten keskus

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic сан (san)
Arabic سان

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number
  2. thigh

Declension[edit]


Khakas[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number
  2. counting, calculation

Kumyk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. member
  2. limb (body part)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. quality

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • сан in Kumyksko-russkij slovarʹ, 2013

Kyrgyz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count). Compare to Kazakh сан (san), Shor сан, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɑn/
  • Hyphenation: сан (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Usually taken to be an old loan from Chinese (cāng, granary).

Found already in Middle Mongolian, but not reconstructable for Proto-Mongolic.

Noun[edit]

сан (san) (Uyghurjin spelling ᠰᠠᠩ (sang)); (hidden-g declension)

  1. treasury
  2. treasure
  3. fund
  4. store, storehouse
  5. shop

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Tibetan བསངས་ (bsangs).

Noun[edit]

сан (san) (Uyghurjin spelling ᠰᠠᠩ (sang)); (hidden-g declension)

  1. (Buddhism) A kind of smoke ritual in which incense or juniper branches are burnt.
    Hypernym: зан үйл (zan üil)

See also[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic санъ (sanŭ) (u-stem), probably of Oghur origin. Cognate with Turkish san (reputation), Turkmen san (account), Kazakh санау (sanaw, count), Tatar san (number) and akin to dial. Turkish sаnаmаk (to take into account), Uzbek sanamoq (to count) from Proto-Turkic *sā(j)- (to count, to determine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (sanm inan (genitive са́на, uncountable)

  1. dignity

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ̀nъ, from Proto-Indo-European *supnós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

са̏н m (Latin spelling sȁn)

  1. dream

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]