сан

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Budukh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Avar сон (son) and Lak шин (šin) and Udi усен (usen).

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. year

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic санъ (sanŭ) (u-stem), probably of Oghur origin. Cognate with Turkish san (reputation), Turkmen san (account), Kazakh санау (sanau, count), Tatar san (number) and akin to dialectal Turkish sаnаmаk (to take into account), Uzbek sanamoq (to count) from Proto-Turkic *sā(j)- (to count, to determine). Through another suffix is perhaps Bulgarian самчия (samčija, (old-time) governor).

Noun[edit]

сан (sanm

  1. (literary, obsolescent) rank, administrative position

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Buryat[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Mongolian ᠰᠠᠩ (sang, granary), from Mandarin (cāng, granary).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san) (??? please provide spelling!)

  1. treasury; exchequer
  2. fund, stock, reserve

Alternative forms[edit]


Chechen[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. genitive singular of со (so)

Dungan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-sum, cognate to Standard Mandarin (sān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

сан (san) (I)

  1. three

Erzya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *sëne.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. (anatomy) tendon, sinew
    • V. I. Ščankina (2011) Russko-mokšansko-erzjanskij slovarʹ [Russian-Moksha-Erzya Dictionary], Saransk, →ISBN
      связка — 3. анат. сан
      svjazka — 3. anat. san
      tendon [in Russian] — tendon
  2. (dialectal, anatomy) penis
    • Heikki Paasonen, Mordwinisches Wörterbuch
      san — (E:Bug Večk auch:) [мужской член] / Penis
      san — (E:Bug Večk auch:) [mužskoj člen] / Penis
      penis — (dialect identifiers) [Russian, German translation]
      koda lomań v́ijse͔nᴣe͔, ḱeḿe sonᴣo sanozo — Wenn der Mann (‘Mensch’) bei Kräften ist, ist sein Glied stark.
      koda lomań v́ijse͔nᴣe͔, ḱeḿe sonᴣo sanozo — Wenn der Mann (‘Mensch’) bei Kräften ist, ist sein Glied stark.
      [literal translation from Erzya] when a man is in his strength, firm his penis is — [German translation]

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • Саназей (Sanazej, a spirit/deity that rules over the penis)

References[edit]

  1. ^ сан (san) in Álgu-tietokanta, Kotimaisten kielten keskus

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic сан (san)
Arabic سان
Latin

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number
  2. thigh

Declension[edit]


Khakas[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number
  2. counting, calculation

Komi-Zyrian[edit]

Сан.

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsan/, [ˈsän]
  • Hyphenation: сан

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. wolverine (Gulo gulo)

Declension[edit]

Declension of сан (stem: сан-)
singular plural
nominative сан (san) санъяс (sanʺjas)
accusative I* сан (san) санъяс (sanʺjas)
II* санӧс (sanös) санъясӧс (sanʺjasös)
instrumental санӧн (sanön) санъясӧн (sanʺjasön)
comitative санкӧд (sanköd) санъяскӧд (sanʺjasköd)
caritive сантӧг (santög) санъястӧг (sanʺjastög)
consecutive санла (sanla) санъясла (sanʺjasla)
genitive санлӧн (sanlön) санъяслӧн (sanʺjaslön)
ablative санлысь (sanlysʹ) санъяслысь (sanʺjaslysʹ)
dative санлы (sanly) санъяслы (sanʺjasly)
inessive санын (sanyn) санъясын (sanʺjasyn)
elative санысь (sanysʹ) санъясысь (sanʺjasysʹ)
illative санӧ (sanö) санъясӧ (sanʺjasö)
egressive сансянь (sansjanʹ) санъяссянь (sanʺjassjanʹ)
approximative санлань (sanlanʹ) санъяслань (sanʺjaslanʹ)
terminative санӧдз (sanödz) санъясӧдз (sanʺjasödz)
prolative I санӧд (sanöd) санъясӧд (sanʺjasöd)
II санті (santï) санъясті (sanʺjastï)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Possessive declension of сан
First person singular
singular plural
nominative санӧй (sanöj) санъясӧй (sanʺjasöj)
accusative I* санӧй (sanöj) санъясӧй (sanʺjasöj)
II* санӧс (sanös) санъясӧс (sanʺjasös)
instrumental саннам (sannam) санъяснам (sanʺjasnam)
comitative санӧйкӧд (sanöjköd) санъясӧйкӧд (sanʺjasöjköd)
caritive сантӧгым (santögym) санъястӧгым (sanʺjastögym)
consecutive санӧйла (sanöjla) санъясӧйла (sanʺjasöjla)
genitive санӧйлӧн (sanöjlön) санъясӧйлӧн (sanʺjasöjlön)
ablative санӧйлысь (sanöjlysʹ) санъясӧйлысь (sanʺjasöjlysʹ)
dative санӧйлы (sanöjly) санъясӧйлы (sanʺjasöjly)
inessive санам (sanam) санъясам (sanʺjasam)
elative сансьым (sansʹym) санъяссьым (sanʺjassʹym)
illative санам (sanam) санъясам (sanʺjasam)
egressive сансяньым (sansjanʹym) санъяссяньым (sanʺjassjanʹym)
approximative санланьым (sanlanʹym) санъясланьым (sanʺjaslanʹym)
terminative санӧдзым (sanödzym) санъясӧдзым (sanʺjasödzym)
prolative I санӧдым (sanödym) санъясӧдым (sanʺjasödym)
II сантіым (santïym) санъястіым (sanʺjastïym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person singular
singular plural
nominative саныд (sanyd) санъясыд (sanʺjasyd)
accusative I* саныд (sanyd) санъясыд (sanʺjasyd)
II* сантӧ (santö) санъястӧ (sanʺjastö)
instrumental саннад (sannad) санъяснад (sanʺjasnad)
comitative саныдкӧд (sanydköd) санъясыдкӧд (sanʺjasydköd)
caritive сантӧгыд (santögyd) санъястӧгыд (sanʺjastögyd)
consecutive саныдла (sanydla) санъясыдла (sanʺjasydla)
genitive саныдлӧн (sanydlön) санъясыдлӧн (sanʺjasydlön)
ablative саныдлысь (sanydlysʹ) санъясыдлысь (sanʺjasydlysʹ)
dative саныдлы (sanydly) санъясыдлы (sanʺjasydly)
inessive санад (sanad) санъясад (sanʺjasad)
elative сансьыд (sansʹyd) санъяссьыд (sanʺjassʹyd)
illative санад (sanad) санъясад (sanʺjasad)
egressive сансяньыд (sansjanʹyd) санъяссяньыд (sanʺjassjanʹyd)
approximative санланьыд (sanlanʹyd) санъясланьыд (sanʺjaslanʹyd)
terminative санӧдзыд (sanödzyd) санъясӧдзыд (sanʺjasödzyd)
prolative I санӧдыд (sanödyd) санъясӧдыд (sanʺjasödyd)
II сантіыд (santïyd) санъястіыд (sanʺjastïyd)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person singular
singular plural
nominative саныс (sanys) санъясыс (sanʺjasys)
accusative I* саныс (sanys) санъясыс (sanʺjasys)
II* сансӧ (sansö) санъяссӧ (sanʺjassö)
instrumental саннас (sannas) санъяснас (sanʺjasnas)
comitative саныскӧд (sanysköd) санъясыскӧд (sanʺjasysköd)
caritive сантӧгыс (santögys) санъястӧгыс (sanʺjastögys)
consecutive санысла (sanysla) санъясысла (sanʺjasysla)
genitive саныслӧн (sanyslön) санъясыслӧн (sanʺjasyslön)
ablative саныслысь (sanyslysʹ) санъясыслысь (sanʺjasyslysʹ)
dative саныслы (sanysly) санъясыслы (sanʺjasysly)
inessive санас (sanas) санъясас (sanʺjasas)
elative сансьыс (sansʹys) санъяссьыс (sanʺjassʹys)
illative санас (sanas) санъясас (sanʺjasas)
egressive сансяньыс (sansjanʹys) санъяссяньыс (sanʺjassjanʹys)
approximative санланьыс (sanlanʹys) санъясланьыс (sanʺjaslanʹys)
terminative санӧдзыс (sanödzys) санъясӧдзыс (sanʺjasödzys)
prolative I санӧдыс (sanödys) санъясӧдыс (sanʺjasödys)
II сантіыс (santïys) санъястіыс (sanʺjastïys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
First person plural
singular plural
nominative санным (sannym) санъясным (sanʺjasnym)
accusative I* санным (sannym) санъясным (sanʺjasnym)
II* саннымӧс (sannymös) санъяснымӧс (sanʺjasnymös)
instrumental саннаным (sannanym) санъяснаным (sanʺjasnanym)
comitative саннымкӧд (sannymköd) санъяснымкӧд (sanʺjasnymköd)
caritive сантӧгным (santögnym) санъястӧгным (sanʺjastögnym)
consecutive саннымла (sannymla) санъяснымла (sanʺjasnymla)
genitive саннымлӧн (sannymlön) санъяснымлӧн (sanʺjasnymlön)
ablative саннымлысь (sannymlysʹ) санъяснымлысь (sanʺjasnymlysʹ)
dative саннымлы (sannymly) санъяснымлы (sanʺjasnymly)
inessive сананым (sananym) санъясаным (sanʺjasanym)
elative сансьыным (sansʹynym) санъяссьыным (sanʺjassʹynym)
illative сананым (sananym) санъясаным (sanʺjasanym)
egressive сансяньыным (sansjanʹynym) санъяссяньыным (sanʺjassjanʹynym)
approximative санланьыным (sanlanʹynym) санъясланьыным (sanʺjaslanʹynym)
terminative санӧдзыным (sanödzynym) санъясӧдзыным (sanʺjasödzynym)
prolative I санӧдыным (sanödynym) санъясӧдыным (sanʺjasödynym)
II сантіыным (santïynym) санъястіыным (sanʺjastïynym)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Second person plural
singular plural
nominative санныд (sannyd) санъясныд (sanʺjasnyd)
accusative I* санныд (sannyd) санъясныд (sanʺjasnyd)
II* саннытӧ (sannytö) санъяснытӧ (sanʺjasnytö)
instrumental саннаныд (sannanyd) санъяснаныд (sanʺjasnanyd)
comitative санныдкӧд (sannydköd) санъясныдкӧд (sanʺjasnydköd)
caritive сантӧгныд (santögnyd) санъястӧгныд (sanʺjastögnyd)
consecutive санныдла (sannydla) санъясныдла (sanʺjasnydla)
genitive санныдлӧн (sannydlön) санъясныдлӧн (sanʺjasnydlön)
ablative санныдлысь (sannydlysʹ) санъясныдлысь (sanʺjasnydlysʹ)
dative санныдлы (sannydly) санъясныдлы (sanʺjasnydly)
inessive сананыд (sananyd) санъясаныд (sanʺjasanyd)
elative сансьыныд (sansʹynyd) санъяссьыныд (sanʺjassʹynyd)
illative сананыд (sananyd) санъясаныд (sanʺjasanyd)
egressive сансяньыныд (sansjanʹynyd) санъяссяньыныд (sanʺjassjanʹynyd)
approximative санланьыныд (sanlanʹynyd) санъясланьыныд (sanʺjaslanʹynyd)
terminative санӧдзыныд (sanödzynyd) санъясӧдзыныд (sanʺjasödzynyd)
prolative I санӧдыныд (sanödynyd) санъясӧдыныд (sanʺjasödynyd)
II сантіыныд (santïynyd) санъястіыныд (sanʺjastïynyd)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.
Third person plural
singular plural
nominative санныс (sannys) санъясныс (sanʺjasnys)
accusative I* санныс (sannys) санъясныс (sanʺjasnys)
II* саннысӧ (sannysö) санъяснысӧ (sanʺjasnysö)
instrumental саннаныс (sannanys) санъяснаныс (sanʺjasnanys)
comitative саннымкӧс (sannymkös) санъяснымкӧс (sanʺjasnymkös)
caritive сантӧгныс (santögnys) санъястӧгныс (sanʺjastögnys)
consecutive саннысла (sannysla) санъяснысла (sanʺjasnysla)
genitive санныслӧн (sannyslön) санъясныслӧн (sanʺjasnyslön)
ablative санныслысь (sannyslysʹ) санъясныслысь (sanʺjasnyslysʹ)
dative санныслы (sannysly) санъясныслы (sanʺjasnysly)
inessive сананыс (sananys) санъясаныс (sanʺjasanys)
elative сансьыныс (sansʹynys) санъяссьыныс (sanʺjassʹynys)
illative сананыс (sananys) санъясаныс (sanʺjasanys)
egressive сансяньыныс (sansjanʹynys) санъяссяньыныс (sanʺjassjanʹynys)
approximative санланьыныс (sanlanʹynys) санъясланьыныс (sanʺjaslanʹynys)
terminative санӧдзыныс (sanödzynys) санъясӧдзыныс (sanʺjasödzynys)
prolative I санӧдыныс (sanödynys) санъясӧдыныс (sanʺjasödynys)
II сантіыныс (santïynys) санъястіыныс (sanʺjastïynys)
*) Animate nouns almost exclusively take the type II accusative ending, whereas inanimate nouns can be used with either ending, but are more often found with type I.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Anu-Reet Hauzenberg (1972) Названия животных в коми языке [Names of animals in the Komi language], Tallinn: Estonian Academy of Sciences, page 38
  • L. M. Beznosikova; E. A. Ajbabina; R. I. Kosnyreva (2000) Коми-русский словарь [Komi-Russian dictionary], →ISBN, page 573

Kumyk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. member
  2. limb (body part)

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. quality

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • сан in Kumyksko-russkij slovarʹ, 2013

Kyrgyz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count). Compare to Kazakh сан (san), Shor сан, etc.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɑn/
  • Hyphenation: сан (one syllable)

Noun[edit]

сан (san) (definite {{{1}}}, plural {{{2}}})

  1. number

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Usually taken to be an old loan from Chinese (cāng, granary).

Found already in Middle Mongolian, but not reconstructable for Proto-Mongolic.

Noun[edit]

сан (san) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠠᠩ (sang)); (hidden-g declension)

  1. treasury
  2. treasure
  3. fund
  4. store, storehouse
  5. shop
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Tibetan བསངས་ (bsangs).

Noun[edit]

сан (san) (Mongolian spelling ᠰᠠᠩ (sang)); (hidden-g declension)

  1. (Buddhism) A kind of smoke ritual in which incense or juniper branches are burnt.
    Hypernym: зан үйл (dzan üyl)

See also[edit]


Northern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count).

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number

References[edit]

* Кумандинско-Русский Словарь


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Church Slavonic санъ (sanŭ) (u-stem), probably of Oghur origin. Cognate with Turkish san (reputation), Turkmen san (account), Kazakh санау (sanau, count), Tatar san (number) and akin to dial. Turkish sаnаmаk (to take into account), Uzbek sanamoq (to count) from Proto-Turkic *sā(j)- (to count, to determine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

сан (sanm inan (genitive са́на, uncountable)

  1. dignity
    Synonym: чин (čin)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ̀nъ, from Proto-Indo-European *supnós.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

са̏н m (Latin spelling sȁn)

  1. sleep
  2. dream
    Шта си видела у том сну?What did you see in that dream?

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • сан” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Shor[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sā-n (number), from Proto-Turkic *sā- (to count).

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. number

Southern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sān. Cognate with Kazakh сан (san), Kyrgyz сан (san), Crimean Tatar san, Kumyk сан (san, limp), Tatar сан (san, limp), etc.

Noun[edit]

сан (san)

  1. thigh