shop

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Shop

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English shoppe, schoppe, from Old English sċoppa (shed; booth; stall; shop), from Proto-Germanic *skupp-, *skup- (barn, shed), from Proto-Indo-European *skub-, *skup- (to bend, bow, curve, vault). Cognate with Dutch schop (spade, kick), German Schuppen (shed), German Schober (barn), French échoppe (booth, shop) (< Germanic).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ʃɒp/
  • (US) enPR: shäp, IPA(key): /ʃɑp/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒp

Noun[edit]

shop (countable and uncountable, plural shops)

  1. An establishment that sells goods or services to the public; originally only a physical location, but now a virtual establishment as well.
  2. A place where things are manufactured or crafted; a workshop.
  3. A large garage where vehicle mechanics work.
    The car's in the shop right now.
  4. Workplace; office. Used mainly in expressions such as shop talk, closed shop and shop floor.
  5. (figurative, uncountable) Discussion of business or professional affairs.
    • 1917, South African Chemical Institute, Proceedings, page 28:
      What struck me about the occasion was the quiet though cheerful tone of the gathering, the restraint, noticeable also in the very few speeches. Chemistry was taboo, by common consent — no " shop " allowed.
    • 1919, Virginia Woolf, Night and Day:
      But Mary cut her short.
      "We don't allow shop at tea, Sally," she said firmly.
    • 1953, Winston Churchill, “Strain and Suspense”, in The Second World War, page 619:
      Nothing but shop was ever talked on any of these occasions. I am sure these close relationships were necessary for the conduct of the war, and I could not have grasped the whole position without them.
  6. A variety of classes taught in junior or senior high school that teach vocational skill.
  7. An establishment where a barber or beautician works.
    a barber shop
  8. An act of shopping, especially routine shopping for food and other domestic supplies.
    This is where I do my weekly shop.
  9. (UK, colloquial) The collective items bought (or to be bought) on a shopping trip.
    I’ve got a big shop, so feel free to go in front.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from the noun shop

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

shop (third-person singular simple present shops, present participle shopping, simple past and past participle shopped)

  1. (intransitive) To visit stores or shops to browse or explore merchandise, especially with the intention of buying such merchandise.
    I went shopping early before the Christmas rush.
    He’s shopping for clothes.
  2. (transitive) To purchase products from (a range or catalogue, etc.).
    Shop our new arrivals.
    • 1988, Sylvia Harney, Married beyond recognition: a humorous look at marriage, page 90:
      You fantasized about having unhurried afternoons before the baby arrived to leisurely shop your favorite boutiques. Then the first crash hits — you no longer have the money to shop your favorite boutiques.
  3. (transitive, slang, chiefly UK) To report the criminal activities or whereabouts of someone to an authority.
    He shopped his mates in to the police.
  4. (transitive, slang, chiefly UK) To imprison.
  5. (transitive, Internet slang) To photoshop; to digitally edit a picture or photograph.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to report a criminal to authority): grass up (slang)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Translations[edit]

Interjection[edit]

shop

  1. (dated) Used to attract the services of a shop assistant

Further reading[edit]

  • shop”, in OneLook Dictionary Search.

Anagrams[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English shop.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

shop m (plural shops, diminutive shopje n)

  1. shop
    Synonym: winkel

Derived terms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English shop.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈʃop/, [ˈʃo̞p]

Noun[edit]

shop

  1. (Anglism) Alternative form of shoppi (establishment that sells goods or services to the public).

Declension[edit]

Inflection of shop (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative shop shopit
genitive shopin shopien
partitive shopia shopeja
illative shopiin shopeihin
singular plural
nominative shop shopit
accusative nom. shop shopit
gen. shopin
genitive shopin shopien
partitive shopia shopeja
inessive shopissa shopeissa
elative shopista shopeista
illative shopiin shopeihin
adessive shopilla shopeilla
ablative shopilta shopeilta
allative shopille shopeille
essive shopina shopeina
translative shopiksi shopeiksi
abessive shopitta shopeitta
instructive shopein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of shop (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative shopini shopini
accusative nom. shopini shopini
gen. shopini
genitive shopini shopieni
partitive shopiani shopejani
inessive shopissani shopeissani
elative shopistani shopeistani
illative shopiini shopeihini
adessive shopillani shopeillani
ablative shopiltani shopeiltani
allative shopilleni shopeilleni
essive shopinani shopeinani
translative shopikseni shopeikseni
abessive shopittani shopeittani
instructive
comitative shopeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative shopisi shopisi
accusative nom. shopisi shopisi
gen. shopisi
genitive shopisi shopiesi
partitive shopiasi shopejasi
inessive shopissasi shopeissasi
elative shopistasi shopeistasi
illative shopiisi shopeihisi
adessive shopillasi shopeillasi
ablative shopiltasi shopeiltasi
allative shopillesi shopeillesi
essive shopinasi shopeinasi
translative shopiksesi shopeiksesi
abessive shopittasi shopeittasi
instructive
comitative shopeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative shopimme shopimme
accusative nom. shopimme shopimme
gen. shopimme
genitive shopimme shopiemme
partitive shopiamme shopejamme
inessive shopissamme shopeissamme
elative shopistamme shopeistamme
illative shopiimme shopeihimme
adessive shopillamme shopeillamme
ablative shopiltamme shopeiltamme
allative shopillemme shopeillemme
essive shopinamme shopeinamme
translative shopiksemme shopeiksemme
abessive shopittamme shopeittamme
instructive
comitative shopeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative shopinne shopinne
accusative nom. shopinne shopinne
gen. shopinne
genitive shopinne shopienne
partitive shopianne shopejanne
inessive shopissanne shopeissanne
elative shopistanne shopeistanne
illative shopiinne shopeihinne
adessive shopillanne shopeillanne
ablative shopiltanne shopeiltanne
allative shopillenne shopeillenne
essive shopinanne shopeinanne
translative shopiksenne shopeiksenne
abessive shopittanne shopeittanne
instructive
comitative shopeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative shopinsa shopinsa
accusative nom. shopinsa shopinsa
gen. shopinsa
genitive shopinsa shopiensa
partitive shopiaan
shopiansa
shopejaan
shopejansa
inessive shopissaan
shopissansa
shopeissaan
shopeissansa
elative shopistaan
shopistansa
shopeistaan
shopeistansa
illative shopiinsa shopeihinsa
adessive shopillaan
shopillansa
shopeillaan
shopeillansa
ablative shopiltaan
shopiltansa
shopeiltaan
shopeiltansa
allative shopilleen
shopillensa
shopeilleen
shopeillensa
essive shopinaan
shopinansa
shopeinaan
shopeinansa
translative shopikseen
shopiksensa
shopeikseen
shopeiksensa
abessive shopittaan
shopittansa
shopeittaan
shopeittansa
instructive
comitative shopeineen
shopeinensa

Further reading[edit]

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

shop f (plural shops)

  1. (Canada, anglicism) workshop

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from English shop.

Noun[edit]

shop n (plural shopuri)

  1. a small shop
  2. (historical) a hard currency shop

Declension[edit]