shop

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English shoppe, from Old English sceoppa, scoppa (shop, booth, shed), from Proto-Germanic *skupp-, *skup- (barn, shed), from Proto-Indo-European *skub-, *skup- (to bend, bow, curve, vault). Cognate with German Schuppen (shed), German Schober (barn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

shop (plural shops)

  1. An establishment that sells goods or services to the public; originally a physical location, but now a virtual establishment as well.
    • Cowper
      From shop to shop / Wandering, and littering with unfolded silks / The polished counter.
  2. A place where things are crafted; a workshop or hobbyshop.
    • Shakespeare
      A tailor called me in his shop.
  3. An automobile mechanic's workplace.
  4. Workplace; office. Used mainly in expressions such as shop talk, closed shop and shop floor.
  5. A variety of classes taught in junior or senior high school that teach vocational skill.
  6. (business, computing) an organisation using specified programming languages or software, often exclusively.
    Our company is mostly a Java shop.
  7. An act of shopping, especially routine shopping for food and other domestic supplies.
    This is where I do my weekly shop.
  8. (figuratively, uncountable) Discussion of business or professional affairs.
    • 1917, South African Chemical Institute, Proceedings, page 28:
      What struck me about the occasion was the quiet though cheerful tone of the gathering, the restraint, noticeable also in the very few speeches. Chemistry was taboo, by common consent — no " shop " allowed.
    • 1919, Virginia Woolf, Night and Day:
      But Mary cut her short.
      "We don't allow shop at tea, Sally," she said firmly.
    • 1953, Winston Churchill, “Strain and Suspense”, in The Second World War, page 619:
      Nothing but shop was ever talked on any of these occasions. I am sure these close relationships were necessary for the conduct of the war, and I could not have grasped the whole position without them.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

shop (third-person singular simple present shops, present participle shopping, simple past and past participle shopped)

  1. (intransitive) To visit shops; to look around shops with the intention of buying something.
    I went shopping early, before the Christmas rush.
    He’s shopping for clothes.
  2. (transitive, slang, chiefly UK) To report the criminal activities or whereabouts of someone to an authority.
    He shopped his mates in to the police.
  3. (transitive, Internet slang) Shorthand for photoshop; to digitally edit a picture or photograph.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to report a criminal to authority): grass up (slang)

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

shop

  1. Used to attract the services of a shop assistant

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

< English shop

Noun[edit]

shop

  1. (Anglism) Alternative form of shoppi (establishment that sells goods or services to the public).

Declension[edit]

Inflection of shop (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative shop shopit
genitive shopin shopien
partitive shopia shopeja
illative shopiin shopeihin
singular plural
nominative shop shopit
accusative nom.? shop shopit
gen. shopin
genitive shopin shopien
partitive shopia shopeja
inessive shopissa shopeissa
elative shopista shopeista
illative shopiin shopeihin
adessive shopilla shopeilla
ablative shopilta shopeilta
allative shopilleˣ shopeilleˣ
essive shopina shopeina
translative shopiksi shopeiksi
instructive shopein
abessive shopitta shopeitta
comitative shopeineen