veikals

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Latvian[edit]

Veikals

Etymology[edit]

Coined by J. Alunāns in the 1850s, on the basis of Lithuanian veĩkalas ‎(work, activity) (ultimately from the same source as the Latvian verb veikt “to carry out, to accomplish,” q.v.), with the meaning “activity, undertaking, business.” The word existed independently at that time (recorded in 1858) as a borrowing from Lithuanian [Term?] in Southern Latgale dialects. After being introduced into the written language, it soon changed its meaning ("veikals, in German Unternehmen, in Russian подряд ‎(podrjád), work which one carries out with the help of hired workmen"; 1863). A. Kronvalds used veikals in the sense of "business." The current meaning ("shop") appeared at the end of the 19th century and became quickly dominant.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

veikals m (1st declension)

  1. shop, store (a commercial enterprise; its specific location, where goods are sold)
    maizes veikals — bread store (= bakery)
    grāmatu veikals — bookstore
    dāvanu veikals — gift shop
    partikas veikals — foodstuff (= grocery) store
    pašapkalpošanās veikals — self-service shop
    veikala skatlogsshop window
    veikala īpašnieksshopkeeper (lit. shop owner)
    veikala vadītājsshop manager
    iepirkties veikalā — to shop at a store
    es aizgāju uz veikalu, kas atradās blakus kantorim — I went to the shop that was next to the office
  2. commercial or financial activity, transaction
    izdevīgs veikals — profitable transaction, deal
    taisīt labu veikalu — to make a good deal
    arī šādu veikalu Nagainis uzskatīja par izdevīgu — also such a deal Nagainis considered profitable
    blakus zemkopībai Slaucējs nodevās arī, lai gan reti, ar naudas veikaliem un nekaunējās ņemt desmit, divpadsmit un pat vairāk rubļu no simta — besides farming, Slaucējs also, albeit rarely, indulged in financial activities (= lending money), and was not ashamed of taking ten, twelve or even more rubles to every hundred

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “veikals”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7