toko

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch toko (Southeast Asian grocery store), from Indonesian Malay toko (shop), from Min Nan 土庫土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Noun[edit]

toko (plural tokos)

  1. A shop in the Netherlands selling mainly Asian food products, and generally Asian- or Indo-European-owned.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete, British slang) Alternative spelling of toco (corporal punishment)
    • 1892, Milliken, Edwin James, “On Law and Order”, in The 'Arry Ballads[1], verse 1, line 4, page 58:
      When a reglar Primroser gits toko, one wonders wot next there will come.
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Indonesian Malay toko (shop), from Min Nan 土庫土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtoːkoː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: to‧ko

Noun[edit]

toko m (plural toko's, diminutive tokootje n)

  1. (historical, referring to Indonesia) a Dutch, otherwise European or Chinese shop [19th to 20th c.]
    • 1879 May 26, W. F. van Erp, "Een toko van keurige provisien." (advertisement), De locomotief. Samarangsch handels- en advertentie-blad, vol. 28, issue 120, page 4.
      Een TOKO van puike DRANKEN.
      Een TOKO om fraaie CADEAUTJES te koopen
      Een TOKO om sterke, mooie IJzeren LEDIKANTEN met toebehooren te koopen.
      Een TOKO van alle soorten BANKET en SUIKERWERK. []
      A shop for excellent DRINKS.
      A shop where you can buy beautiful GIFTS
      A shop where you can buy strong, beautiful IRON COTS with accessories.
      A shop for all types of BANQUET and SWEETS.
  2. (Netherlands) a grocery store or supermarket specializing in Southeast Asian (especially Indonesian or Chinese Indonesian) products, which are mostly food items [from 20th c.]
    • 2007, Peter Gordon, Groente - opnieuw ontdekt, tr. by Aniek Njiokiktjien, Inmerc, 8.
      Struin maar eens over een boerenmarkt om te zien wat er plaatselijk allemaal geteeld en verkocht wordt, of ga naar de dichtstbijzijnde toko of naar een ruim gesorteerde supermarkt om te zien welke onbekende ingrediënten er gewoon bij je om de hoek te koop zijn.
  3. (colloquial, Netherlands) shop, store, stand [from 20th c.]
    • 2015, Anna Nooshin, On Top, Unieboek | Het Sprectrum.
      Opende de toko, sloot de toko, ik wóónde praktisch in die toko.
      Opened the store, closed the store, I practically lived in that store.
    Synonyms: handel, kraam, winkel
  4. (colloquial, Netherlands) any company or business [from late 20th c.]
    • 2010, Aefke ten Hagen, In naam van mijn vader, Mistral/FMB Uitgevers.
      ‘Peter!’ doet Wouter enthousiast. ‘Goed om jou hier te treffen!’
      ‘Tja,’ lacht Peter. ‘Het is mijn toko.’
      ‘Peter!’ says Wouter with enthusiasm. ‘Good to see you here!’
      ‘Well,’ Peter laughs. ‘It is my business.’
    • 2013 March, Chris Broesder, "Games ontwikkelen voor Nintendo en Sony wordt makkelijker", Personal Computer Magazine.
      De andere Japanse games-toko, Nintendo genaamd, zegt ook een beter ontwikkelklimaat te willen voor indie-ontwikkelaars.
      The other Japanese games company, called Nintendo, says it also wants a better development environment for indie developers.
    • 2015, Daniël Meyer, De man van Venus, Futuro.
      Ga eens naar de balansen, kijken we wat die toko waard is.
      Go check the balances, then we'll see what the value of that business is.
    Synonyms: bedrijf, handel, zaak

Descendants[edit]

  • English: toko

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of tottelevaisuuskoe.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtoko/, [ˈt̪o̞ko̞]
  • Hyphenation: to‧ko

Noun[edit]

toko

  1. obedience trial (dog sport)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of toko (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative toko tokot
genitive tokon tokojen
partitive tokoa tokoja
illative tokoon tokoihin
singular plural
nominative toko tokot
accusative nom. toko tokot
gen. tokon
genitive tokon tokojen
partitive tokoa tokoja
inessive tokossa tokoissa
elative tokosta tokoista
illative tokoon tokoihin
adessive tokolla tokoilla
ablative tokolta tokoilta
allative tokolle tokoille
essive tokona tokoina
translative tokoksi tokoiksi
instructive tokoin
abessive tokotta tokoitta
comitative tokoineen

Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hopi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

toko

  1. fruit

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Min Nan 土庫土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko (plural toko-toko, first-person possessive tokoku, second-person possessive tokomu, third-person possessive tokonya)

  1. shop; store
    toko bukubookshop
    toko kelontongconvenience store
    toko serba adadepartment store
    • 2008 [10 July 1997], Ajip Rosidi, Yang datang telanjang: Surat-surat Ajip Rosidi dari Jepang, 1980-2002 [That came naked: Letters of Ajip Rosidi from Japan, 1980-2002] (non-fiction), Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia, →ISBN, 'Kepada Lazuardi Anwar', page 574:
      Walaupun kalau saya berkunjung ke tanahair, selalu menyempatkan diri ke toko buku. Tapi banyak buku yang diterbitkan apalagi kalau karya sastera‒tak sampai ke toko buku. Saya sering dengar bahwa toko buku kita umumnya tidak mau memberi tempat buat buku sastera. Tentu karena minat masyarakat terhadap sastera kecil sekali.
      Even when I visited my homeland, I often take my time to go to bookshops. However, many books that are published, especially those that are literary works‒do not reach the bookshops. I often hear that our bookshops generally do not want to give space for literature books. Surely because community interest towards literature is very small.
    • 2018 July 10, “Masyarakat Diajak Buka Toko Virtual [Community Invited to Set Up Virtual Shops]”, in Suara Merdeka[2], archived from the original on 29 October 2018:
      Alfamart melalui program Alfamind mengajak masyarakat untuk menjadi wirausaha dengan membuka toko secara virtual. Melalui aplikasi ini, siapa pun bisa saja menjadi pemilik toko hanya dengan berjualan melalui aplikasi smartphone.
      Alfamart, through the Alfamind program, invites the community to become entrepreneurs by setting up shops virtually. Through this application, anyone can also become a shop owner just by selling through a smartphone application.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

toko

  1. Rōmaji transcription of とこ

Laboya[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko

  1. ridge; ridgepole

References[edit]

  • Allahverdi Verdizade (2019), “toko”, in Lamboya word list, Leiden: LexiRumah

Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Min Nan 土庫土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

toko (Jawi spelling توکو‎, plural toko-toko, informal 1st possessive tokoku, impolite 2nd possessive tokomu, 3rd possessive tokonya)

  1. (uncommon) retailer; shop selling retail merchandise
    • 2018 February 22, Pg Fairol RMF, “Pesta Buku Brunei 27 Feb ini [Brunei Book Festival on 27th Feb]”, in Media Permata[3], archived from the original on 29 October 2018:
      Dalam sidang media di Balai Laila Muafakat, DBP, petang tadi, Pemangku Pengarah DBP, Hajah Sariani binti Haji Ishak selaku Pengerusi PBB dan KMBM menjelaskan, sebanyak 78 petak disediakan semasa pesta dan karnival berkenaan yang akan disertai oleh DBP, penerbit-penerbit buku kerajaan dan swasta serta toko buku dari dalam dan luar negara.
      In a press conference at Balai Laila Muafakat, DBP (Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka), in the afternoon, DBP Acting Director, Hajah Sariani binti Haji Ishak, who is the chairperson of PBB (Pesta Buku Brunei) and KMBM (Karnival Memperkasa Budaya Membaca), explained that as many as 78 lots were available during the book festival and carnival which will be participated by DBP, government and private book publishers, as well as book retailers from within and outside the country.

Derived terms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

  • kedai (shop; store)

Coordinate terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Tetum[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Indonesian toko (shop), from Min Nan 土庫土库 (thó͘-khò͘, “private storehouse”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

toko

  1. shop