handel

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See also: Handel and Händel

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Low German handel. Related to handle, which see.

Noun[edit]

handel

  1. commerce, trading
  2. (countable) trade
    Vi gennemførte en handel med dem.
    We conducted a trade with them.

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Deverbal of handelen. First attested in the 16th c.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

handel m (uncountable, diminutive handeltje n)

  1. trade (activity of trading)
    De handel tussen de twee landen bloeit.
    The trade between the two countries is flourishing.
    Hij is betrokken bij de internationale handel van elektronische goederen.
    He is involved in the international trade of electronic goods.
  2. business, company (commercial entity)
    Synonyms: bedrijf, toko, zaak
    Ze runnen een succesvolle handel in luxeartikelen.
    They run a successful business in luxury goods.
    Het is een familiebedrijf en ze zijn al generaties lang in de handel.
    It's a family-owned company and they have been in the trade for generations.
  3. shop, store (merchant's business)
    Synonyms: toko, winkel
    De handel aan de overkant van de straat heeft verse groenten en fruit.
    The shop across the street has fresh vegetables and fruits.
    Hij heeft een kleine handel in souvenirs voor toeristen.
    He has a small store selling souvenirs for tourists.
  4. goods, things
    Hij liet de hele handel op de grond vallen.
    He dropped everything on the floor.
  5. (uncountable) any collective or collection; stuff, lot, crowd, whole shebang
    Stelletje criminelen! Oppakken die handel!
    Bunch of criminals! Arrest the lot!
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Negerhollands: handel
  • Caribbean Javanese: andel

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

handel

  1. inflection of handelen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams[edit]

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

handel

  1. inflection of handeln:
    1. first-person singular present
    2. singular imperative

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch hendel, handel (handle), from English handle, from Middle English handel, handle, from Old English handle (a handle), from handlian (to handle, feel, deal with, discuss). Doublet of hendel.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈhandəl]
  • Hyphenation: han‧del

Noun[edit]

handêl (first-person possessive handelku, second-person possessive handelmu, third-person possessive handelnya)

  1. handle: the part of an object which is (designed to be) held in the hand when used or moved.

Alternative forms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

handel m (definite singular handelen, indefinite plural handler, definite plural handlene)

  1. trade (buying and selling of goods and services)
  2. a shop

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Noun[edit]

handel m (definite singular handelen, indefinite plural handlar, definite plural handlane)

  1. trade (as above)
  2. a shop

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Handel.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7] First attested in 1538.[8]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

handel m inan (diminutive handelek, related adjective handlowy)

  1. (economics) trade (buying and selling of goods and services on a market) [+instrumental = in what]
    Synonyms: kupiectwo, obrót
  2. (archaic) small restaurant next to a wine storage (Is there an English equivalent to this definition?)
  3. (obsolete) warehouse (place for storing large amounts of products)
    Synonym: magazyn
  4. (obsolete, colloquial, humorous) streetside junk trader (person who trades in junk by the street)
  5. (Middle Polish) store; stand
  6. (Middle Polish) commodity (that which is traded)
    Synonym: towar
  7. (Middle Polish) trade (making transactions, activity, conduct, occupation, profession; enterprise, business, matter)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns
verbs

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), handel is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 16 times in scientific texts, 33 times in news, 38 times in essays, 4 times in fiction, and 2 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 93 times, making it the 678th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005), “handel”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN
  2. ^ Mańczak, Witold (2017), “handel”, in Polski słownik etymologiczny (in Polish), Kraków: Polska Akademia Umiejętności, →ISBN
  3. ^ Sławski, Franciszek (1958-1965), “handel”, in Jan Safarewicz, Andrzej Siudut, editors, Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), Kraków: Towarzystwo Miłośników Języka Polskiego
  4. ^ Bańkowski, Andrzej (2000), “handel”, in Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish)
  5. ^ Stanisław Dubisz, editor (2003), “handel”, in Uniwersalny słownik języka polskiego [Universal dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1-4, Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN SA, →ISBN
  6. ^ Krystyna Długosz-Kurczabowa (2021) Wielki słownik etymologiczno-historyczny języka polskiego, →ISBN
  7. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “handel”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  8. ^ handel”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  9. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “handel”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 142

Further reading[edit]

Silesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Handel.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

handel m inan

  1. (economics) trade (buying and selling of goods and services on a market)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

nouns
verbs

Related terms[edit]

adjectives

Further reading[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Low German handel, ultimately related to hand.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

handel c

  1. trade, commerce; the commercial exchange (buying and selling on domestic or international markets) of goods and services
    frihandelfree trade
    kaffehandelnthe coffee trade
  2. a store
    bokhandelbookstore
    kaffehandelnthe coffee store

Declension[edit]

Declension of handel 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative handel handeln
Genitive handels handelns

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]