- rig (dialectal)
From Middle English rigge, rygge, (also rig, ryg, rug), from Old English hryċġ (“back, spine, ridge, elevated surface”), from Proto-Germanic *hrugjaz (“back”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreuk-, *(s)ker- (“to turn, bend”). Cognate with Scots rig (“back, spine, ridge”), North Frisian reg (“back”), West Frisian rêch (“back”), Dutch rug (“back, ridge”), German Rücken (“back, ridge”), Swedish rygg (“back, spine, ridge”), Icelandic hryggur (“spine”). Cognate to Albanian kërrus (“to bend one's back”) and kurriz (“back”).
ridge (plural ridges)
- (anatomy) The back of any animal; especially the upper or projecting part of the back of a quadruped.
- 1678, [Samuel Butler], “[The Third Part of Hudibras]”, in Hudibras. The Third and Last Part, London: […] Robert Horne, […], published 1679, OCLC 228721920; republished in A[lfred] R[ayney] Waller, editor, Hudibras: Written in the Time of the Late Wars, Cambridge: University Press, 1905, OCLC 963614346, canto I, page 237–238:
- He thought it was no time to ſtay, / And let the Night too ſteal away, / But in a trice advanced the Knight, / Upon the Bare Ridge, Bolt upright, / And groping out for Ralpho’s Jade, / He found the Saddle too was ſtraid […]
- Any extended protuberance; a projecting line or strip.
- Antonym: groove
- The plough threw up ridges of earth between the furrows.
- The line along which two sloping surfaces meet which diverge towards the ground.
- mountain ridge
- The highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area.
- 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 26, in The Dust of Conflict:
- Maccario, it was evident, did not care to take the risk of blundering upon a picket, and a man led them by twisting paths until at last the hacienda rose blackly before them. Appleby could see it dimly, a blur of shadowy buildings with the ridge of roof parapet alone cutting hard and sharp against the clearing sky.
- (fortifications) The highest portion of the glacis proceeding from the salient angle of the covered way.
- 1853-1855, Joachim Hayward Stocqueler, The Life of Field-Marshal the Duke of Wellington:
- the British Guards lie down behind a ridge to avoid the shot and shell from the opposite heights
- A chain of mountains.
- 1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], lines 62–66:
- […] Which to maintaine, I would allow him oddes, / And meete him, were I tide to runne afoote, / Euen to the frozen ridges of the Alpes, / Or any other ground inhabitable, / Where euer Engliſhman durſt ſet his foote.
- A chain of hills.
- (oceanography) A long narrow elevation on an ocean bottom.
- (meteorology) An elongated region of high atmospheric pressure.
- Antonym: trough
- Acalanes Ridge
- alveolar ridge
- apical ectodermal ridge
- Blue Ridge
- brow ridge
- Cato Ridge
- Cedar Ridge
- combing ridge
- Kelly Ridge
- mid-oceanic ridge
- Oak Ridge, Oakridge
- orbital ridge
- ridge beam
- ridge course
- ridge harrow
- ridge plough
- ridge pole
- ridge rope
- ridge vent
- Shelly Ridge
- trail ridge scrub grasshopper
- Walnut Ridge
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.