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English Wikipedia has an article on:

Alternative forms[edit]

  • rig (dialectal)


From Middle English rigge, rygge, (also rig, ryg, rug), from Old English hryċġ (back, spine, ridge, elevated surface), from Proto-West Germanic *hrugi, from Proto-Germanic *hrugjaz (back), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)krewk-, *(s)ker- (to turn, bend).

Cognate with Scots rig (back, spine, ridge), North Frisian reg (back), West Frisian rêch (back), Dutch rug (back, ridge), German Rücken (back, ridge), Swedish rygg (back, spine, ridge), Icelandic hryggur (spine). Cognate to Albanian kërrus (to bend one's back) and kurriz (back).


  • (UK, US) enPR: rĭj, IPA(key): /ɹɪd͡ʒ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪd͡ʒ
  • (file)


English Wikipedia has an article on:

ridge (plural ridges)

  1. (anatomy) The back of any animal; especially the upper or projecting part of the back of a quadruped.
  2. Any extended protuberance; a projecting line or strip.
    Antonym: groove
    The plough threw up ridges of earth between the furrows.
  3. The line along which two sloping surfaces meet which diverge towards the ground.
    mountain ridge
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      It was not far from the house; but the ground sank into a depression there, and the ridge of it behind shut out everything except just the roof of the tallest hayrick.
  4. The highest point on a roof, represented by a horizontal line where two roof areas intersect, running the length of the area.
    • 1907, Harold Bindloss, chapter 26, in The Dust of Conflict:
      Maccario, it was evident, did not care to take the risk of blundering upon a picket, and a man led them by twisting paths until at last the hacienda rose blackly before them. Appleby could see it dimly, a blur of shadowy buildings with the ridge of roof parapet alone cutting hard and sharp against the clearing sky.
  5. (fortifications) The highest portion of the glacis proceeding from the salient angle of the covered way.
    • 1853-1855, Joachim Hayward Stocqueler, The Life of Field-Marshal the Duke of Wellington:
      the British Guards lie down behind a ridge to avoid the shot and shell from the opposite heights
  6. A chain of mountains.
  7. A chain of hills.
  8. (oceanography) A long narrow elevation on an ocean bottom.
  9. (meteorology) An elongated region of high atmospheric pressure.
    Antonym: trough

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


ridge (third-person singular simple present ridges, present participle ridging, simple past and past participle ridged)

  1. (transitive) To form into a ridge
  2. (intransitive) To extend in ridges

Derived terms[edit]

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