catena

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See also: catenă

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Medieval Latin, from Latin catēna (chain) (from which also chain).

Noun[edit]

catena (plural catenas or catenae)

  1. A series of related items.
    • 1873, Walter Bagehot, Lombard Street:
      And, on the contrary, there is a whole catena of authorities, beginning with Sir Robert Peel and ending with Mr. Lowe, which say that the Banking Department of the Bank of England is only a Bank like any other bank

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin catēna.

Noun[edit]

catena f (plural catene)

  1. chain
  2. bond, fetter; subordination, repression
  3. tie, cord, bond
  4. tether (a rope, cable etc. that holds something in place whilst allowing some movement)

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Probably connected with cassis (hunting-net).[1]

Pokorny derives catēna and cassis from Proto-Indo-European *kat- (to link or weave together; chain, net), with casa as another possible cognate.[2]

Martirosyan connects cassis and catēna with Old Armenian ցանց (cʿancʿ, casting-net) and derives all from a Mediterranean substrate.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

catēna f (genitive catēnae); first declension

  1. chain
  2. vocative singular of catēna

catēnā f

  1. ablative singular of catēna

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative catēna catēnae
genitive catēnae catēnārum
dative catēnae catēnīs
accusative catēnam catēnās
ablative catēnā catēnīs
vocative catēna catēnae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • catena in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • catena in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “catena”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • catena” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to put some one in irons, chains: in vincula, in catenas conicere aliquem
  • catena in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • catena in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 97, 98
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 534
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2016), “Mediterranean substrate words in Armenian: two etymologies”, in Bjarne Simmelkjær Sandgaard Hansen, Benedicte Nielsen Whitehead, Thomas Olander & Birgit Anette Olsen, editors, Etymology and the European Lexicon. Proceedings of the 14th Fachtagung of the Indogermanische Gesellschaft, Copenhagen, 17-22 September 2012[1], Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag, page 294