English [ edit ]
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , bottom , botome , botme , bothom , bothum , from botham Old English , botm bodan ( “ ground, soil, lowest part ” ), from Proto-Germanic (compare *butmaz Old Norse , botn Swedish ), from botten Proto-Indo-European , a variant of *bʰud- Proto-Indo-European , *bʰudʰ- . The other Proto-Germanic variant of the root, *bʰudʰmḗn , from *budm- Proto-Indo-European , must have given rise to *bʰudʰ- Dutch bodem ( “ bottom, ground ” ), Old Frisian boden ( “ soil ” ), German Boden ( “ ground, earth, soil ” ). For cognate in other branches in Indo-European, compare Sanskrit बुध्न ( budhna ), Ancient Greek πυθμήν ( puthmḗn, “ foundation ” ), Latin fundus ( “ bottom, piece of land, farm ” ), Old Irish bond ( “ sole of the foot ” ), Albanian buzë ( “ lip, end, rim ” ). Meaning "posterior of a man" is from 1794; the verb "to reach the bottom of" is from 1808. Bottom dollar "the last dollar one has" is from 1882.
Pronunciation [ edit ]
bottom ( , countable and uncountable plural ) bottoms
The lowest part from the uppermost part, in either of these senses:
(Can we The part furthest in the direction toward which an unsupported object would fall.
clean up ( this sense?) +)
barrels with the
bottom knocked out Washington Irving
No two chairs were alike; such high backs and low backs and leather
bottoms and worsted bottoms.
(Can we The part seen, or intended to be seen, nearest the edge of the visual field normally occupied by the lowest visible objects, as "footers appear at the bottoms of pages". clean up ( this sense?) +)
( uncountable , Britain , slang ) Character, reliability, staying power, dignity, integrity or sound judgment.
( Britain , US ) A valley, often used in place names.
Where shall we go for a walk? How about Ashcombe Bottom?
bottoms and the high grounds The
buttocks or anus.
( nautical ) A cargo vessel, a ship.
( nautical ) Certain parts of a vessel, particularly the cargo hold or the portion of the ship that is always underwater.
My ventures are not in one
bottom trusted. Bancroft
Not to sell the teas, but to return them to London in the same
bottoms in which they were shipped.
( baseball ) The second half of an inning, the home team's turn to bat.
( BDSM ) A submissive in sadomasochistic sexual activity.
( LGBT , slang ) A man penetrated or with a preference for being penetrated during homosexual intercourse.
( physics ) A bottom quark.
( often figuratively ) The lowest part of a container.
2011 December 21, Helen Pidd, “Europeans migrate south as continent drifts deeper into crisis”, in the Guardian : 
In Ireland, where 14.5% of the population are jobless, emigration has climbed steadily since 2008, when Lehman Brothers collapsed and the bottom fell out of the Irish housing market. In the 12 months to April this year, 40,200 Irish passport-holders left, up from 27,700 the previous year, according to the central statistics office. Irish nationals were by far the largest constituent group among emigrants, at almost 53%. A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon.
Silkworms finish their
bottoms in [… ] fifteen days. The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, or sea.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
( obsolete ) Power of endurance.
a horse of a good bottom
( obsolete ) Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
Synonyms [ edit ]
( lowest part ) : base
( buttocks ) : ( arse British, Australian, NZ), ass, fanny ( North American), backside, bot, bott, botty, bum, buttocks
( buttocks , British , euphemistic ) : , sit upon derriere
( BDSM ) : catcher
( LGBT ) : , catcher , passive , pathic uke ( Japanese fiction ) See also
Wikisaurus:buttocks See also
Antonyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Terms derived from
Translations [ edit ]
fund (sq) m Arabic:
قَاع m ( qāʿ ), قَعْر m ( qaʿr ) Armenian:
տակ (hy) ( tak ), հիմք (hy) ( himkʿ ), ներքև ( nerkʿew ), հատակ (hy) ( hatak ) Aromanian:
, fundu afundu Belarusian:
дно n ( dno ) Bulgarian:
дъно́ (bg) n ( dǎnó ) Catalan:
fons (ca) m Chinese:
底部 (zh) ( dǐbù ), 底端 ( dǐduān ), 底 (zh) ( dǐ ) Cornish:
goles m Czech:
dno (cs) , n spodek Danish:
onderkant (nl) , m bodem (nl) f Esperanto:
fundo , (eo) malsupro Finnish:
pohja , (fi) alapää (fi) French:
fond (fr) , m bas (fr) , m dessous (fr) m Friulian:
font , m fonz m Galician:
fondo (gl) m Georgian:
ძირი ( ʒiri ) German:
Boden (de) , m Grund (de) , m Unterseite (de) f Gothic:
𐌲𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 m ( grundus ) Greek:
πάτος (el) m ( pátos ), πυθμένας (el) m ( pythménas ) Hebrew:
תחתית (he) f ( takhtyt ) Icelandic:
botn m Italian:
fondo , (it) parte (it) inferiore (it) f
底 (ja) ( そこ, soko ), 下部 ( かぶ, kabu ) Korean:
밑 (ko) ( mit ), 바닥 (ko) ( badak ), 바탕 (ko) ( batang ) Ladin:
zamoška , f zemīne f Latin:
fundus , m solum (la) n Latvian:
apakša f Macedonian:
дно n ( dno ) Maori:
, takere whakatakere Mongolian:
доод хэсэг ( dood heseg ), ёроол (mn) ( jorool ) Ngazidja Comorian:
ته (fa) ( tah ) Polish:
dno (pl) n Portuguese:
fundo (pt) m Romanian:
fund (ro) Russian:
дно (ru) n ( dno ), низ (ru) m ( niz ), ни́жняя часть f ( nížnjaja častʹ ) Sardinian:
fundhu , m fundu , m funnu m Serbo-Croatian:
дно n Roman:
dno (sh) n Sicilian:
funnu (scn) Slovak:
dno (sk) n Slovene:
dno n Spanish:
fondo (es) m Swedish:
botten (sv) Ukrainian:
дно n ( dno ) Venetian:
fondo m Vietnamese:
đáy (vi) Walloon:
fond (wa) , m dizo (wa) m Welsh:
gwaelod (cy) m
character, reliability, staying power, dignity, integrity or sound judgment
euphemistic: buttocks or anus
( for buttocks ) 궁둥이 (ko) ( gungdung-i ), ( for anus ) 똥구멍 (ko) ( ttonggumeong ) Latin:
culus (la) m Macedonian:
за́дник m ( zádnik ), газ m ( gaz ) Maori:
, kumu kōtore Polish:
zadek (pl) , m tyłek (pl) m Portuguese:
cu (pt) , m fundilho m Romanian:
cur (ro) , n fund , (ro) șezut , (ro) dos (ro) Russian:
зад (ru) m ( zad ), за́дница (ru) f ( zádnica ), по́па (ru) f ( pópa ) Scottish Gaelic:
màs , m tòn f Spanish:
culo (es) m Welsh:
, rhefr pen-ôl m
baseball: second half of an inning, the home team's turn to bat
BDSM: submissive in sadomasochism
gay sexual slang: penetrated partner in sex
lowest part of a container
ball or skein of thread; a cocoon
dregs or grounds, lees, sediment
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
bottom ( third-person singular simple present , bottoms present participle , bottoming simple past and past participle ) bottomed
fall to the lowest point.
John J. Murphy,
Intermarket Analysis: Profiting from Global Market Relationships (2004) page 119:
The Dow Jones Industrial Average bottomed on September 24, 2001. The CRB Index bottomed on October 24. To establish firmly; to
found or justify on or upon something; to set on a firm footing; to set or rest on or upon something which provides support or authority.
Action is supposed to be
bottomed upon principle. South
those false and deceiving grounds upon which many
bottom their eternal state United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law,
Executive Orders and Presidential Directives, (2001) p.59.
Moreover, the Supreme Court has held that the President must obey outstanding executive orders, even when
bottomed on the Constitution, until they are revoked.
( intransitive ) To rest, as upon an ultimate support; to be based or grounded.
Find on what foundation any proposition
( intransitive ) To reach or impinge against the bottom, so as to impede free action, as when the point of a cog strikes the bottom of a space between two other cogs, or a piston the end of a cylinder.
( obsolete , transitive ) To wind round something, as in making a ball of thread.
As you unwind her love from him, / Lest it should ravel and be good to none, / You must provide to
bottom it on me.
( transitive ) To furnish with a bottom.
to bottom a chair To be the
submissive in a BDSM relationship or roleplay. To be anally penetrated in gay sex.
Translations [ edit ]
Adjective [ edit ]
bottom ( not ) comparable
The lowest or last place or position.
Those files should go on the bottom shelf.
Translations [ edit ]
lowest or last place or position
See also [ edit ]
Portuguese [ edit ]
bottom ( m plural ) bottons
button ( a badge worn on clothes )
Synonyms [ edit ]