πυθμήν

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *putʰmḗn, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰmḗn.

Cognate with πύνδαξ (púndax), Sanskrit बुध्न (budhna), Latin fundus, Old Armenian անդունդ (andund) and Old English botm (English bottom).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel υ by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.
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Noun[edit]

πυθμήν (puthmḗnm (genitive πυθμένος); third declension

  1. bottom of a cup or jar
  2. the bottom of the sea
  3. trunk, butt of a tree

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • πυθμήν in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • πυθμήν in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • πυθμήν in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «πυθμήν» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «πυθμήν» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • πυθμήν in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.