cur

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See also: cúr and cûr

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English curre (watchdog, small hunting dog, mongrel, mutt), perhaps of Middle Low German or North Germanic origin. Compare Middle Dutch corre (domestic dog, yard dog, watch-dog), dialectal Dutch korre (dog, yard dog), dialectal Swedish kurre (a dog). Compare also Old Norse kurra (to growl; grumble), Middle Low German kurren, korren (to growl). Compare also Middle Dutch querie (female dog, bitch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur (plural curs)

  1. (dated or humorous) A contemptible or inferior dog.
  2. (dated or humorous) A detestable person.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Aromanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin culus. Compare Romanian cur.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur

  1. (slang, referring to the anus) ass

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin currō. Compare Romanian cure, cur (modern curge, curg).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cur first-singular present indicative

  1. to run
  2. to flow
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin cūrō. Compare archaic/regional Romanian cura, cur.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

cur first-singular present indicative (past participle curatã)

  1. to clean
Related terms[edit]

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cārus.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cur m (feminine cuora)

  1. dear, beloved

Etymology 2[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *corem m, from Latin cor n.

Noun[edit]

cur

  1. heart

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur m (genitive singular as substantive cuir, genitive as verbal noun curtha)

  1. verbal noun of cuir
  2. sowing, planting; tillage
  3. burial
  4. setting, laying
  5. course; round
  6. set (of implements)

Declension[edit]

Substantive
Verbal noun

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cur chur gcur
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin quūr, quōr, from Proto-Italic *kʷōr, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷōr, having undergone pre-resonant and monosyllabic lengthening from *kʷor (where), from *kʷos (interrogative determiner) +‎ *-r (adverbial suffix). For other Indo-European cognates, compare:

See also quirquir (wherever(?)).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

cūr (not comparable)

  1. why, for what reason, wherefore, to what purpose, from what motive
    Cur in terra iaces?
    Why are you lying on the ground?
    • 19 BC, Vergilius, Aeneis; Book XI, from line 424
      Cur ante tubam tremor occupat artus?
      Why before the trumpet (of war), fear seizes your limbs?

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cur”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cur in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cur in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • how came it that...: quid causae fuit cur...?
  • cūr” on page 519/1-2 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (2nd ed., 2012)
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “cūr”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 155-156
  2. ^ Bender, Harold H. (1921), “kur̃”, in A Lithuanian Etymological Index, Princeton: Princeton University Press, page 125

Laz[edit]

Numeral[edit]

cur

  1. Latin spelling of ჯურ (cur)

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A highly suppletive verb with forms derived from two already suppletive verbs.

Verb[edit]

cur (verbal noun cur, coyrt)

  1. put
    Cur y muc shen magh hoshiaght.Put that pig out first.
  2. give

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cur chur gur
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

Megleno-Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin culus.

Noun[edit]

cur

  1. (slang) asshole (anus)

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur

  1. Alternative form of curre

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish caur, from Proto-Celtic *karuts.

Noun[edit]

cur m (genitive curad, nominative plural curaid)

  1. hero, warrior
    • c. 1000, “The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig”, in Ernst Windisch, editor, Irische Teste, volume 1, published 1800, section 15:
      Fo chích curad
      crechtaig, cathbuadaig, at comsa mac Findchoeme frim. [] Magen curad,
      cride n-ega, eithre n-ela,
      eirr trén tressa, trethan ágach,
      cain tarb tnúthach.
      Under the breast of the hero
      covered in wounds, victorious in battle, you are the son of Findchoem who is equal to me. [] Dwelling of a hero,
      heart of ice, plumage of a swan
      strong chariot-hero of battle, warlike sea,
      beautiful fierce bull.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: curadh

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cur chur cur
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Romagnol[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur f pl

  1. plural of cùra

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Latin culus, from Proto-Indo-European *kuH-l-, zero-grade without s-mobile form of *(s)kewH- (to cover). Compare Italian culo, French cul.

Noun[edit]

cur n (plural cururi)

  1. (slang, vulgar, referring to the anus) asshole
    Synonyms: anus, dos, fund, popou, șezut
    O să-mi bag pula în curul tău.
    I'm gonna put my cock in your ass.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

cur

  1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive of cura (to clean)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur m (genitive singular cuir, no plural)

  1. verbal noun of cuir
  2. placing, setting, sending, sowing
  3. laying, pouring
  4. falling of snow, raining
  5. throwing

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cur chur
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “cur”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Welsh kur, from Proto-Brythonic *kʉr, from Latin cūra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cur m or f (plural curiau or curau)

  1. pain, ache
    Synonyms: poen, dolur, gloes
  2. pang
  3. anguish, anxiety
    Synonym: blinder

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cur gur nghur chur
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cur”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies