cru

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See also: CRU, Cru, and crû

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French cru. Doublet of crude.

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

cru (plural crus)

  1. A vineyard or group of vineyards in France, especially one having a high reputation.
    • 2009, Ed McCarthy, ‎Mary Ewing-Mulligan, ‎Maryann Egan, Wine All-in-One For Dummies (page 218)
      Each cru has an official quality rating on a scale of 100: Grand cru vineyards all rate 100, and premier cru vineyards rank from 90 to 99 points.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a variant of Old Occitan [Term?] (compare Occitan crus), from Latin crūdus (compare French cru, Spanish crudo).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cru (feminine crua, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. raw

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

cru (not comparable)

  1. crude, coarse

Declension[edit]

Inflection of cru
uninflected cru
inflected crue
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial cru
indefinite m./f. sing. crue
n. sing. cru
plural crue
definite crue
partitive cru's

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French crud, from Old French cru, creu, from Latin crūdus.

Adjective[edit]

cru (feminine singular crue, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. raw (uncooked, unprocessed)
Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

cru m (feminine singular crue, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crues)

  1. past participle of croire

Etymology 3[edit]

Nominal use of crû, past participle of croître.

Noun[edit]

cru m (plural crus)

  1. vineyard; vintage

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

13th century. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cruu, from Latin crūdus, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *krewh₂- (raw meat, fresh blood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cru m (feminine singular crúa, masculine plural crus, feminine plural crúas)

  1. raw; unprocessed
    • 1295, A. López Ferreiro (ed.), Galicia Histórica. Colección diplomática. Santiago: Tipografía Galaica, page 152:
      acharedes en casa na mia ucha cinquoeenta uaras de lenço que seen ordidas et cinquo maranas de fiado cruu et tres de cozido
      you'll find in my home inside my chest fifty yards of weaved cloth and five skeins of raw thread and three boiled
  2. (dated) cruel
    • 1348, R. Lorenzo (ed.), La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla. Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 316:
      Et, ãdando ambos muy fortes et muy cruus en sua batalla, ferindose muy sen piadade
      And, being both very strong and cruel in their battle, they hurt one another mercilessly

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • cruu” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • cruu” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • cru” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • cru” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cru” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French cru. Doublet of crudo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -u

Noun[edit]

cru m (invariable)

  1. cru (vineyard known for its quality without official rankings)

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crudus.

Adjective[edit]

cru m (oblique and nominative feminine singular crue)

  1. raw (uncooked)

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: crud

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese cruu, from Latin crūdus, probably ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *krewh₂- (raw meat, fresh blood).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cru (feminine singular crua, masculine plural crus, feminine plural cruas, comparable)

  1. raw (uncooked, unprocessed)

Derived terms[edit]