vine + yard, from Middle English (circa 1300), following earlier Old English wīngeard (“wine yard, vine yard”), with vine (from Old French vigne (“vine, vineyard”), from Latin vīnea) replacing native Old English wīn (“wine, vine”). The earlier wīngeard may have had the sense of “vine” already, with /w/ → /v/ facilitated by common v-/w- interchange. Compare German Weingarten (literally “wine garden”) alongside contracted Wingert. (German Garten is cognate to English yard.)
vineyard (plural vineyards)
- A grape plantation.
- The vineyard of Château Margaux stands as the producer of one of the world's greatest and most sought-after red wines.