այգի

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian այգի ‎(aygi, grapevine; vienyard). Western Armenian preserves the sense of “vineyard”, while the Eastern dialect has switched it to any garden in general.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այգի ‎(aygi)

  1. (Western Armenian) vineyard
  2. (Eastern Armenian) garden
    բուսաբանական այգի‎ ― busabanakan aygibotanical garden
    խնձորի այգի‎ ― xnjori aygi ― apple garden
    խաղողի այգի‎ ― xałołi aygi ― vineyard
  3. (Eastern Armenian) park
    ման գալ այգում‎ ― man gal aygum ― to take a walk in the park

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *այգ ‎(*ayg, grapes, vine) +‎ ‎(-i, botanical suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁h₁i-ueh₂-, *h₁oh₁i-ueh₂-, *h₁oih₁-ueh₂-. Cognates include Latin ūva ‎(grape), Ancient Greek ὄα ‎(óa, Sorbus tree), Old English īw (English yew) and Old Church Slavonic ива ‎(iva) (Russian ива ‎(iva)).

Noun[edit]

այգի ‎(aygi)

  1. grapevine
  2. vineyard (land planted with slips of the vine)
    տնկել զայգիս‎ ― tnkel zaygis ― to plant the vineyard
    կթող այգւոյ‎ ― ktʿoł aygwoy ― vintager
    տէր այգւոյ‎ ― tēr aygwoy ― wine-grower, owner or master of the vineyard
    պահապան այգւոյ‎ ― pahapan aygwoy ― keeper or guard of the vineyard

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word has four combining forms: այգե- ‎(ayge-), այգէ- ‎(aygē-), այգա- ‎(ayga-), այգ- ‎(ayg-).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այգի”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այգի”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այգի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “aygi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 56