այգի

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian այգի (aygi, grapevine; vineyard). Western Armenian preserves the sense of “vineyard”, while the Eastern dialect has switched it to any garden in general.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

այգի (aygi)

  1. (Western Armenian) vineyard
  2. (Eastern Armenian) garden
    բուսաբանական այգիbusabanakan aygibotanical garden
    խնձորի այգիxnjori aygiapple garden
    խաղողի այգիxałołi aygivineyard
  3. (Eastern Armenian) park
    ման գալ այգումman gal aygumto take a walk in the park

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *այգ (*ayg, grapes, vine) +‎ (-i, botanical suffix), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁h₁i-weh₂-, *h₁oh₁i-weh₂-, *h₁oyh₁-weh₂-; cognates include Latin ūva (grape), Ancient Greek ὄα (óa, Sorbus tree), Old English īw and Old Church Slavonic ива (iva).[1][2][3]

Noun[edit]

այգի (aygi)

  1. grapevine
  2. vineyard (land planted with slips of the vine)
    տնկել զայգիսtnkel zaygisto plant the vineyard
    կթող այգւոյktʿoł aygwoyvintager
    տէր այգւոյtēr aygwoywine-grower, owner or master of the vineyard
    պահապան այգւոյpahapan aygwoykeeper or guard of the vineyard

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The word has four combining forms: այգե- (ayge-), այգէ- (aygē-), այգա- (ayga-), այգ- (ayg-).

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 36–37
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “այգի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “aygi”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 56

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “այգի”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “այգի”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy