put

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English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English putten, puten, poten, from Old English putian, *pūtian ("to push, put out"; attested by derivative putung (pushing, impulse, instigation, urging)) and potian (to push, thrust, strike, butt, goad), both from Proto-Germanic *putōną (to stick, stab), which is of uncertain origin. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bud- (to shoot, sprout), which would make it cognate with Sanskrit बुन्द (bundá, arrow), Lithuanian budė, and budis (mushroom, fungus). Compare also related Old English pȳtan (to push, poke, thrust, put out (the eyes)). Cognate with Dutch poten (to set, plant), Danish putte (to put), Swedish putta, pötta, potta (to strike, knock, push gently, shove, put away), Norwegian putte (to set, put), Norwegian pota (to poke), Icelandic pota (to poke), Dutch peuteren (to pick, poke around, dig, fiddle with).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: po͝ot, IPA(key): /pʊt/, [pʰʊʔt]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Homophone: putt (accents without foot-strut split)
  • Rhymes: -ʊt

Verb[edit]

put (third-person singular simple present puts, present participle putting, simple past put, past participle put or (UK dialectal) putten)

  1. To place something somewhere.
    She put her books on the table.
  2. To bring or set into a certain relation, state or condition.
    Put your house in order!
    He is putting all his energy into this one task.
    She tends to put herself in dangerous situations.
  3. (finance) To exercise a put option.
    He got out of his Procter and Gamble bet by putting his shares at 80.
  4. To express something in a certain manner.
    When you put it that way, I guess I can see your point.
    • 1846, Julius Hare, The Mission of the Comforter:
      All this is ingeniously and ably put.
  5. (athletics) To throw a heavy iron ball, as a sport. (See shot put. Do not confuse with putt.)
  6. To steer; to direct one's course; to go.
    • 1697, Virgil, “The Sixth Book of the Æneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], →OCLC:
      His fury thus appeased, he puts to land.
  7. To play a card or a hand in the game called put.
  8. To attach or attribute; to assign.
    to put a wrong construction on an act or expression
  9. (obsolete) To lay down; to give up; to surrender.
  10. To set before one for judgment, acceptance, or rejection; to bring to the attention.
    to put a question; to put a case
    • 1708-1710, George Berkeley, Philosophical Commentaries or Common-Place Book
      Put the perceptions and you put the mind.
    • 1943 November – 1944 February (date written; published 1945 August 17), George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], Animal Farm [], London: Secker & Warburg, published May 1962, →OCLC:
      Now if there was one thing that the animals were completely certain of, it was that they did not want Jones back. When it was put to them in this light, they had no more to say.
  11. (obsolete) To incite; to entice; to urge; to constrain; to oblige.
  12. (mining) To convey coal in the mine, as for example from the working to the tramway.[1]
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from put (verb)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

put (countable and uncountable, plural puts)

  1. (business) A right to sell something at a predetermined price.
  2. (finance) Short for put option.
    He bought a January '08 put for Procter and Gamble at 80 to hedge his bet.
    • c. 1900, Universal Cyclopaedia Entry for Stock-Exchange
      A put and a call may be combined in one instrument, the holder of which may either buy or sell as he chooses at the fixed price.
  3. The act of putting; an action; a movement; a thrust; a push.
    the put of a ball
  4. (uncountable) An old card game.
    • 1851, Henry Mayhew, “Costermongers”, in London Labour and the London Poor:
      Among the in-door amusements of the costermonger is card-playing, at which many of them are adepts. The usual games are all-fours, all-fives, cribbage, and put.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown. Perhaps related to Welsh pwt, itself possibly borrowed from English butt (stub, thicker end).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

put (plural puts)

  1. (obsolete) A fellow, especially an eccentric or elderly one; a duffer.
    • 1733, James Bramston, The Man of Taste:
      Queer Country-puts extol Queen Bess's reign,
      And of lost hospitality complain.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society, published 1973, page 244:
      The old put wanted to make a parson of me, but d—n me, thinks I to myself, I'll nick you there, old cull; the devil a smack of your nonsense shall you ever get into me.
    • 1847 January – 1848 July, William Makepeace Thackeray, chapter 11, in Vanity Fair [], London: Bradbury and Evans [], published 1848, →OCLC:
      The Captain has a hearty contempt for his father, I can see, and calls him an old put, an old snob, an old chaw-bacon, and numberless other pretty names.
    • 1870, Frederic Harrison, “The Romance of the Peerage: Lothair,”, in Fortnightly Review:
      Any number of varlet to be had for a few ducats and what droll puts the citizens seem in it all!

Etymology 3[edit]

Old French pute.

Noun[edit]

put (plural puts)

  1. (obsolete) A prostitute.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rossiter W[orthington] Raymond (1881), “Put”, in A Glossary of Mining and Metallurgical Terms. [], Easton, Pa.: [American] Institute [of Mining Engineers], [], →OCLC.

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch put, from Middle Dutch put, from Old Dutch *putti, from Proto-West Germanic *puti, from Latin puteus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

put (plural putte)

  1. well; pit

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. inflection of pudir:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch put, from Old Dutch *putti, from Proto-West Germanic *puti (a well).

Noun[edit]

put m (plural putten, diminutive putje n)

  1. pit, well
  2. drain
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: put
  • Negerhollands: pit, put
  • Sranan Tongo: peti
    • Caribbean Hindustani: peti

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

put

  1. inflection of putten:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Onomatopoeic

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈput/, [ˈput̪]
  • Rhymes: -ut
  • Syllabification(key): put

Interjection[edit]

put

  1. (onomatopoeia) putt, imitating the sound of a low speed internal combustion engine, usually repeated at least twice: put, put.

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. third-person singular past historic of pouvoir

German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

put

  1. (usually repeated several times) chook (call used to attract chickens)

Kalasha[edit]

Noun[edit]

put

  1. Alternative spelling of putr

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. third-person singular/plural present indicative of putēt
  2. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of putēt
  3. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of putēt

Romanian[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. inflection of puți:
    1. first-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. third-person plural present indicative

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Scots put (push). Ultimately from the root of English put.

Verb[edit]

put (past phut, future putaidh, verbal noun putadh, past participle pute)

  1. push, shove
  2. jostle
  3. press
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Scots pout, from Middle English pulet (a pullet).

Noun[edit]

put m (genitive singular puta, plural putan)

  1. young grouse, pout (Lagopus lagopus)

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably of North Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic *pūto (swollen), from Proto-Indo-European *bu- (to swell), see also Sanskrit बुद्बुद (budbuda, bubble).

Noun[edit]

put m (genitive singular puta, plural putan)

  1. (nautical) large buoy, float (generally of sheepskin, inflated)
  2. corpulent person; any bulging thing
  3. shovelful, sod, spadeful
  4. (medicine) bruised swelling

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
put phut
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “put”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “put”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page 284

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *pǫtь, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *pántis, from Proto-Indo-European *póntoh₁s.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȗt m (Cyrillic spelling пу̑т)

  1. road
    put za Sarajevoroad to Sarajevo
    Gd(j)e vodi ovaj put?Where does this road lead?
  2. way
    ovim putemthis way
    ići pravim putemto go the right way
    vodeni putwaterway
    ići svojim putemto go one's own way
    stati nekome na putto stand in somebody's way
    najkraći put do bolnicethe shortest way to the hospital
    na pola puta do školehalfway to the school
    Teret je na putu.The cargo is on the way.
    Miči mi se s puta!Get out of my way!
  3. path
    krčiti putto clear a path
    put do usp(j)ehathe path to success
  4. trip, journey, travel
    ići na putto go on a trip
    biti na pututo be on a trip
    put oko sv(ij)etaa trip around the world
    poslovni puta business trip
  5. (figurative and idiomatic senses) way, method, means
    sudskim putemby legal means; through court order
    službenim/zvaničnim putemthrough official channels
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • put” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *plъtь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȕt f (Cyrillic spelling пу̏т)

  1. complexion, skin hue, tan
    sv(ij)etla putfair complexion/tan
    tamna putdark complexion/tan
    crna putblack complexion/tan
  2. body as a totality of physical properties and sensitivities
    mlada puta young body
    gladna puta hungry body
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • put” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Etymology 3[edit]

From pȗt (road, path, way).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pȗt (Cyrillic spelling пу̑т) (+ genitive case)

  1. to, toward
    put Sarajevatoward Sarajevo
    put školeto school
    Vozimo se put sela.We are driving toward the village.
    Krenuo sam put grada.I went toward the city.

Etymology 4[edit]

From pȗt (road, path, way).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pȗt (Cyrillic spelling пу̑т)

  1. time (with adjectives, ordinals and demonstratives indicating order in the sequence of actions or occurrences)
    prvi putthe first time, for the first time
    drugi putthe second time, for the second time; another time
    ovaj putthis time
    sljedeći/sledeći putthe next time
    posljednji/poslednji putthe last time
    po stoti putfor the hundredth time
    svaki putevery time

Further reading[edit]

  • put” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

put m (plural puts)

  1. (Mexico) papaya

Further reading[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English foot.

Noun[edit]

put

  1. foot

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persianبت(idol), from Middle Persian bwt' (Buddha, idol), ultimately from Sanskrit बुद्ध (buddha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

put (definite accusative putu, plural putlar)

  1. idol (object or thing of spiritual worship)

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative put
Definite accusative putu
Singular Plural
Nominative put putlar
Definite accusative putu putları
Dative puta putlara
Locative putta putlarda
Ablative puttan putlardan
Genitive putun putların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular putum putlarım
2nd singular putun putların
3rd singular putu putları
1st plural putumuz putlarımız
2nd plural putunuz putlarınız
3rd plural putları putları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular putumu putlarımı
2nd singular putunu putlarını
3rd singular putunu putlarını
1st plural putumuzu putlarımızı
2nd plural putunuzu putlarınızı
3rd plural putlarını putlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular putuma putlarıma
2nd singular putuna putlarına
3rd singular putuna putlarına
1st plural putumuza putlarımıza
2nd plural putunuza putlarınıza
3rd plural putlarına putlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular putumda putlarımda
2nd singular putunda putlarında
3rd singular putunda putlarında
1st plural putumuzda putlarımızda
2nd plural putunuzda putlarınızda
3rd plural putlarında putlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular putumdan putlarımdan
2nd singular putundan putlarından
3rd singular putundan putlarından
1st plural putumuzdan putlarımızdan
2nd plural putunuzdan putlarınızdan
3rd plural putlarından putlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular putumun putlarımın
2nd singular putunun putlarının
3rd singular putunun putlarının
1st plural putumuzun putlarımızın
2nd plural putunuzun putlarınızın
3rd plural putlarının putlarının

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]