put

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See also: PUT, pût, pūt, puț, пут, and путь

English[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English putten, puten, poten, from Old English putian, *pūtian ("to push, put out"; attested by derivative putung (pushing, impulse, instigation, urging)) and potian (to push, thrust, strike, butt, goad), both from Proto-Germanic *putōną (to stick, stab), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bud- (to shoot, sprout). Compare also related Old English pȳtan (to push, poke, thrust, put out (the eyes)). Cognate with Dutch poten (to set, plant), Danish putte (to put), Swedish putta, pötta, potta (to strike, knock, push gently, shove, put away), Norwegian putte (to set, put), Norwegian pota (to poke), Icelandic pota (to poke), Dutch peuteren (to pick, poke around, dig, fiddle with). Outside of Germanic possibly comparable to Sanskrit बुन्द (bundá, arrow).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: po͝ot, IPA(key): /pʊt/, [pʰʊʔt]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊt

Verb[edit]

put (third-person singular simple present puts, present participle putting, simple past put, past participle put or (UK dialectal) putten)

  1. To place something somewhere.
    She put her books on the table.
    • 1913, Joseph C. Lincoln, chapter 8, in Mr. Pratt's Patients:
      Philander went into the next room [] and came back with a salt mackerel that dripped brine like a rainstorm. Then he put the coffee pot on the stove and rummaged out a loaf of dry bread and some hardtack.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[1]:
      ‘No. I only opened the door a foot and put my head in. The street lamps shine into that room. I could see him. He was all right. Sleeping like a great grampus. Poor, poor chap.’
  2. To bring or set into a certain relation, state or condition.
    Put your house in order!
    He is putting all his energy into this one task.
    She tends to put herself in dangerous situations.
  3. (finance) To exercise a put option.
    He got out of his Procter and Gamble bet by putting his shares at 80.
  4. To express something in a certain manner.
    When you put it that way, I guess I can see your point.
    • 1846, Julius Hare, The Mission of the Comforter
      All this is ingeniously and ably put.
  5. (athletics) To throw a heavy iron ball, as a sport. (See shot put. Do not confuse with putt.)
  6. To steer; to direct one's course; to go.
  7. To play a card or a hand in the game called put.
  8. To attach or attribute; to assign.
    to put a wrong construction on an act or expression
  9. (obsolete) To lay down; to give up; to surrender.
  10. To set before one for judgment, acceptance, or rejection; to bring to the attention.
    to put a question; to put a case
    • 1708-1710, George Berkeley, Philosophical Commentaries or Common-Place Book
      Put the perceptions and you put the mind.
    • 1945 August 17, George Orwell [pseudonym; Eric Arthur Blair], chapter 3, in Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, London: Secker & Warburg, OCLC 3655473:
      Now if there was one thing that the animals were completely certain of, it was that they did not want Jones back. When it was put to them in this light, they had no more to say.
  11. (obsolete) To incite; to entice; to urge; to constrain; to oblige.
  12. (mining) To convey coal in the mine, as for example from the working to the tramway.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
Terms derived from put (verb)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

put (countable and uncountable, plural puts)

  1. (business) A right to sell something at a predetermined price.
  2. (finance) A contract to sell a security at a set price on or before a certain date.
    He bought a January '08 put for Procter and Gamble at 80 to hedge his bet.
    • c. 1900, Universal Cyclopaedia Entry for Stock-Exchange
      A put and a call may be combined in one instrument, the holder of which may either buy or sell as he chooses at the fixed price.
  3. The act of putting; an action; a movement; a thrust; a push.
    the put of a ball
  4. (uncountable) An old card game.
    • 1851, Henry Mayhew, “Costermongers”, in London Labour and the London Poor:
      Among the in-door amusements of the costermonger is card-playing, at which many of them are adepts. The usual games are all-fours, all-fives, cribbage, and put.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Young to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin unknown. Perhaps related to Welsh pwt, itself possibly borrowed from English butt (stub, thicker end).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

put (plural puts)

  1. (obsolete) A fellow, especially an eccentric or elderly one; a duffer.
    • 1733, James Bramston, "The Man of Taste":
      Queer Country-puts extol Queen Bess's reign,
      And of lost hospitality complain.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, page 244:
      The old put wanted to make a parson of me, but d—n me, thinks I to myself, I'll nick you there, old cull; the devil a smack of your nonsense shall you ever get into me.
    • 1848, William Makepeace Thackeray, Vanity Fair, Chapter 11:
      The Captain has a hearty contempt for his father, I can see, and calls him an old put, an old snob, an old chaw-bacon, and numberless other pretty names.
    • 1870, Frederic Harrison, "The Romance of the Peerage: Lothair," Fortnightly Review:
      Any number of varlet to be had for a few ducats and what droll puts the citizens seem in it all!

Etymology 3[edit]

Old French pute.

Noun[edit]

put (plural puts)

  1. (obsolete) A prostitute.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch put, from Middle Dutch put, from Old Dutch *putti, from Proto-West Germanic *puti, from Latin puteus.

Noun[edit]

put (plural putte)

  1. well; pit

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of pudir
  2. second-person singular imperative form of pudir

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch put, from Old Dutch *putti, from Proto-West Germanic *puti, from Latin puteus.

Noun[edit]

put m (plural putten, diminutive putje n)

  1. pit, well
  2. drain
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: put
  • Sranan Tongo: peti

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

put

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of putten
  2. imperative of putten

Finnish[edit]

Interjection[edit]

put

  1. (onomatopoeia) putt, imitating the sound of a low speed internal combustion engine, usually repeated at least twice: put, put.

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. third-person singular past historic of pouvoir

Kalasha[edit]

Noun[edit]

put

  1. Alternative spelling of putr

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of putēt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of putēt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of putēt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of putēt

Romanian[edit]

Verb[edit]

put

  1. first-person singular present indicative of puți
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of puți
  3. third-person plural present indicative of puți

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Scots put (push). Ultimately from the root of English put.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

put (past phut, future putaidh, verbal noun putadh, past participle pute)

  1. push, shove
  2. jostle
  3. press
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Scots pout, from Middle English pulet (a pullet).

Noun[edit]

put m (genitive singular puta, plural putan)

  1. young grouse, pout (Lagopus lagopus)
Mutation[edit]
Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
puta phuta
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably of North Germanic origin, from Proto-Germanic *pūto (swollen), from Proto-Indo-European *bu- (to swell), see also Sanskrit बुद्बुद (budbuda, bubble).

Noun[edit]

put m (genitive singular puta, plural putan)

  1. (nautical) large buoy, float (generally of sheepskin, inflated)
  2. corpulent person; any bulging thing
  3. shovelful, sod, spadeful
  4. (medicine) bruised swelling
Mutation[edit]
Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
puta phuta
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • put” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911) , “put”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page 284

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *pǫtь, from Proto-Indo-European *ponth₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȗt m (Cyrillic spelling пу̑т)

  1. road
    put za Sarajevoroad to Sarajevo
    gd(j)e vodi ovaj put?where does this road lead?
  2. way
    ovim putemthis way
    ići pravim putemto go the right way
    vodeni putwaterway
    ići svojim putemto go one's own way
    stati nekome na putto stand in somebody's way
    teret je na putucargo is on the way
    miči mi se s puta!get out of my way!
    najkraći put do bolnicethe shortest way to the hospital
    na pola puta do školehalfway to the school
  3. path
    krčiti putto clear a path
    put do usp(j)ehathe path to success
  4. trip, journey
    ići na putto go on a trip
    biti na pututo be on a trip
    put oko sv(ij)etaa trip around the world
    poslovni puta business trip
  5. (figurative and idiomatic senses) method, means
    sudskim putemby legal means; through court order
    službenim/zvaničnim putemthrough official channels
    Ml(ij)ečni putMilky Way
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *plъtь.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȕt f (Cyrillic spelling пу̏т)

  1. complexion, skin hue, tan
    sv(ij)etla putfair complexion/tan
    tamna putdark complexion/tan
    crna putblack complexion/tan
  2. body as a totality of physical properties and sensitivities
    mlada puta young body
    gladna puta hungry body
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From pȗt (road, path, way).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

pȗt (Cyrillic spelling пу̑т) (+ genitive case)

  1. to, toward
    put Sarajevatoward Sarajevo
    put školeto school
    Vozimo se put sela.We are driving toward the village.
    Krenuo sam put grada.I went toward the city.

Etymology 4[edit]

From pȗt (road, path, way).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

pȗt (Cyrillic spelling пу̑т)

  1. time (with adjectives, ordinals and demonstratives indicating order in the sequence of actions or occurrences)
    prvi putthe first time, for the first time
    drugi putthe second time, for the second time; another time
    ovaj putthis time
    sljedeći/sledeći putthe next time
    posljednji/poslednji putthe last time
    po stoti putfor the hundredth time
    svaki putevery time

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English foot.

Noun[edit]

put

  1. foot