置く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "置く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
置く [òkú]
Imperative (命令形) 置け [òké]
Key constructions
Passive 置かれる かれる [òkárérú]
Causative 置かせる かせる [òkásérú]
Potential 置ける ける [òkérú]
Volitional 置こう [òkóꜜò]
Negative 置かない かない [òkánáí]
Negative perfective 置かなかった かなかった [òkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 置きます きま [òkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 置いた いた [òítá]
Conjunctive 置いて いて [òíté]
Hypothetical conditional 置けば [òkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (okugodan (stem () (oki), past ()いた (oita))

  1. to put, place, set
    (おれ)(つくえ)には()な。
    Ore no tsukue ni wa oku na.
    Don't even think about putting it on my desk!
  2. to leave (something)
    (わたし)一人(ひとり)にしておいてください。
    Watashi o hitori ni shite oite kudasai.
    Please leave me alone.
  3. (following a て-form verb) to do something in advance as preparation
    (こん)(ばん)(こお)()くかもしれませんので(はち)()えを(げん)(かん)(うつ)しておきます
    Konban kōritsuku ka mo shiremasen no de hachiue o genkan ni utsushite okimasu.
    Since it might freeze this evening, I'll move the potted plants into the foyer.
  4. (following a て-form verb) to do and keep in that state
    ()()けておくのよ。
    Me o akete oku no yo.
    Keep your eyes open.

Usage notes[edit]

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN