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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
私-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 115 +2, 7 strokes, cangjie input 竹木戈 (HDI), four-corner 22930, composition)

  1. private, personal
  2. secret

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 849, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24913
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1271, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2589, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+79C1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪ/ /si/ /si/ /si/ /si/ /si/ /sjɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ sij › /*[s]əj/ private

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11949 1 /*sil/

Adjective[edit]

  1. personal; private

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. Private, personal.
  2. I, me.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana わたし, romaji watashi)

‎(hiragana わたくし, romaji watakushi) more formal
‎(hiragana あたし, romaji atashi) generally only used by women when referring to themselves
  1. I (first person pronoun)
     (わたし)はイギリス (じん)です。
    Watashi wa igirisu-jin desu.
    I'm English.
     (わたし) (だれ)ですか。
    Watashi wa dare desu ka.
    Who am I?

Usage notes[edit]

わたし is the usual polite term for referring to oneself; わたくし is formal, and only used in certain circumstances, such as by TV announcers or public figures such as politicians. Conversely, it is too formal for casual conversation for men, where terms like (for men) are preferred.

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune-Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, tây)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.