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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

夷 夷 夷 夷
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (big) +  (bow)

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN), X大弓 (XKN), four-corner 50032)

  1. ancient tribe
  2. Eastern foreigner

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 509, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 527, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5937

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (夷), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 以脂切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jiɪ/ /i/ /i/ /ji/ /ji/ /ji/ /jɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yij › /*ləj/ level, peaceful
‹ yij › /*ləj/ foreigner (especially to the east)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14862 1 /*lil/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(di, , dai, , rợ)

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