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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
夷-oracle.svg 夷-bronze.svg 夷-silk.svg 夷-bigseal.svg 夷-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(big) +  ‎(bow)

Han character[edit]

(radical 37 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN) or X大弓 (XKN), four-corner 50032, composition)

  1. an ancient tribe in southwest China
  2. Eastern foreigner

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 509, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 527, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5937

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i³⁵/
Harbin /i²⁴/
Tianjin /i⁴⁵/
Jinan /i⁴²/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i⁴²/
Xi'an /i²⁴/
Xining /ji²¹³/
Yinchuan /i⁵³/
Lanzhou /i⁵³/
Ürümqi /i⁵¹/
Wuhan /i²¹³/
Chengdu /i³¹/
Guiyang /i²¹/
Kunming /i³¹/
Nanjing /i²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
Pingyao /i¹³/
Hohhot /i³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi¹³/
Suzhou /ɦi¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /i⁴⁴/
Tunxi /i⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /i¹³/
Xiangtan /i¹²/
Gan Nanchang /i⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /i¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji²¹/
Nanning /ji²¹/
Hong Kong /ji²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /i³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /i⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /i⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (15)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiɪ/ /ji/ /jɪ/ /ji/ /i/ /ji/ /i/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yij › /*ləj/ level, peaceful
‹ yij › /*ləj/ foreigner (especially to the east)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14862 1 /*lil/

Noun[edit]

  1. barbarian

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(di, , dai, , rợ)

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