오랑캐

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Korean[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 오라ᇰ캐〮 (Yale: wòlàngkháy), from Middle Mongolian ᠤᠷᠢᠶᠠᠩᠬᠠᠢ (uriyangqai, forest peoples); see Uriankhai in Wikipedia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?orangkae
Revised Romanization (translit.)?olangkae
McCune–Reischauer?orangk'ae
Yale Romanization?olangkhay

Noun[edit]

오랑캐 (orangkae)

  1. (chiefly historical) barbarian; uncivilised people (in particular, all non-Chinese and non-Korean people as historically viewed from the perspective of Chinese and Koreans)
    그는 왕명을 받들고 오랑캐를 토벌하러 북으로 갔다.
    Geuneun wangmyeong'eul batdeulgo orangkaereul tobeolhareo bugeuro gatda.
    He followed the emperor's orders and marched north to subdue the barbarians.
    19세기 말에는 서양 오랑캐가 물밀듯이 쳐들어왔다.
    19segi mareneun seoyang orangkaega mulmildeusi cheodeureowatda.
    In the end of the 19th century, the Western barbarians invaded [the country] like a flood.
    Synonym: 야만인(野蠻人) (yamanin)