蝦夷

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See also: 虾夷

Chinese[edit]

shrimp; prawn
 
safe; to raze; to exterminate; barbarian
trad. (蝦夷)
simp. (虾夷)
alt. forms 蝦蛦虾蛦
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蝦夷

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese 蝦夷 (えみし) (emishi).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

蝦夷

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; Emishi

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/emi1si/ invalid IPA characters (1)/emisi//emiɕi/

From Old Japanese. Possibly from Ainu エンジュ (emzyu) or エンチウ (emchiw, man, person).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 (hiragana えみし, rōmaji Emishi)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu
    720, Nihon Shoki (page 205)[3]
     () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
     (また)歌詠 (うたよみ)して (いは)く:)蝦夷 (えみし)一人 (ひだり) (もも) (ひと) (ひと) ()へども抵抗 (たむかひ)もせず [Modern spelling]
    (mata utayomi shite iwaku:) emishi o hidari momo na hito hito wa ie domo tamukai mo sezu
    Therefore he made a song, saying: Though folk say that one Yemishi is a match for one hundred men, they do not so much as resist.[4]
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (page 297)
      武内宿禰自東國還之奏言、東夷之中、有日高見國。其國人、男女並椎結文身、爲人勇悍。是總曰蝦夷。亦土地沃壤而曠之。撃可取也。
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (page 300)
      今東國不安、暴神多起。亦蝦夷悉叛、屡略人民。遣誰人以平其亂。
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (page 303)
      其東夷之中、蝦夷是尤強焉。男女交居、父子無別。冬則宿穴、夏則住樔。衣毛飮血、昆弟相疑。登山如飛禽、行草如走獸。
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/emisi//emisu/

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 (hiragana えみす, rōmaji Emisu)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/emisu//ebisu/

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 (hiragana えびす, rōmaji Ebisu)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

/emisi//emsi//emzo//ezo/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 (hiragana えぞ, rōmaji Ezo)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu
  2. Short for 蝦夷地 (Ezo).
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ Sakamoto, Tarō; Ienaga Saburō, Inoue Mitsusada, Ōno Susumu (1965) Nihon Koten Bungaku Taikei: Nihon Shoki (vol. 1), Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4-000-60067-2
  4. ^ William George Aston (1896) Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A.D. 697, page 124