蝦夷

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See also: 虾夷

Chinese[edit]

shrimp; prawn a barbarian
trad. (蝦夷)
simp. (虾夷)
alt. forms 蝦蛦虾蛦
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Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Japanese 蝦夷 (えみし)(emishi).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

蝦夷

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; Emishi

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Possibly derived from the Ainu word emchiu, from *emichiw "man, person".

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えみし, romaji emishi)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 205)
      又歌之曰 愛瀰詩烏 毗儾利 毛々那比苔 比苔破易陪廼毛 多牟伽 毛勢儒
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 297)
      武内宿禰自東國還之奏言、東夷之中、有日高見國。其國人、男女並椎結文身、爲人勇悍。是總曰蝦夷。亦土地沃壤而曠之。撃可取也。
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 300)
      今東國不安、暴神多起。亦蝦夷悉叛、屡略人民。遣誰人以平其亂。
    • 720: Nihon Shoki (page 303)
      其東夷之中、蝦夷是尤強焉。男女交居、父子無別。冬則宿穴、夏則住樔。衣毛飮血、昆弟相疑。登山如飛禽、行草如走獸。
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

emisiemisu.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [e̞misɯᵝ]

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えみす, romaji emisu)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

emisuebisu.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [e̞bisɯᵝ]

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えびす, romaji ebisu)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

emisiemsiemzoezo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝦夷 ‎(hiragana えぞ, romaji ezo)

  1. an ancient ethnic group living in eastern Japan; likely equivalent to the Ainu
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3