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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 中戈口尸水 (LIRSE), four-corner 57147, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1090, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1556, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2874, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8766

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𫚥
𧎂

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
蝦-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰraː, *ɡraː): semantic  ‎(insect) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kraːʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “Are etymology 1 and 4 related? 霞/赮 - red - shrimp?”

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 蝦 (魚)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕia⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑ²¹/
Jinan /ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕia²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕia²¹/
Xining /ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xa⁵⁵/
/ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕia⁵⁵/
/xa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕiɑ³¹/
Hefei /ɕia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕia¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hø⁵³/
/ho⁵³/
Suzhou /ho⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ho³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕia³¹/
/xa³¹/
Tunxi /xɔn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕia³³/
/xa³³/
Xiangtan /hɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /hɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ha¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ha⁵⁵/
Nanning /ha⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ha⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ha³⁵/
/he³⁵/ 匣母
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ha⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /he⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɛ³¹/

Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiā
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤra/
English shrimp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 5962
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰraː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. shrimp; prawn; lobster
    /   ―  máoxiā  ―  shrimp
    /   ―  míngxiā  ―  prawn
    /   ―  lóngxiā  ―  lobster
    /   ―  xiāpiàn  ―  prawn crackers
  2. to bend; to curve; to flex

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɣa/
Wang
Li
/ɣa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiá
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˤra/
English hae-mae frog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 5968
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡraː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 蝦蟆虾蟆.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare Zhuang ha.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Southwestern Mandarin, Zhongshan Min Nan) to bully; to pick on

Etymology 4[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

Etymology 5[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. lobster, prawn, shrimp

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
えび
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana えび, katakana エビ, romaji ebi)

  1. lobster, prawn, shrimp

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ha) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ha, Yale ha)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.