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See also:
U+8766, 蝦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8766

[U+8765]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8767]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 中戈口尸水 (LIRSE), four-corner 57147, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1090, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1556, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2874, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8766

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
蝦-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː, *kraːʔ
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraː
*kraːʔ, *kraːs
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*kraːʔ
*qʰraː, *ɡraː
*qʰraː, *qʰraːs
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraː
*ɡraːs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰraː, *ɡraː): semantic  (insect) + phonetic  (OC *kraːʔ).

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms 𫚥
𧎂
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Are etymology 1 and 4 related? 霞/赮 - red - shrimp?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hê/hêe - vernacular;
  • hâ/hêe - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: 1hoe - diminutive.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 蝦 (魚)
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕia⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕia⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑ²¹/
    Jinan /ɕia²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɕia²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ɕia²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕia²¹/
    Xining /ɕia⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕia⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕia³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕia⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕia⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /xa⁵⁵/
    /ɕia⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕia⁵⁵/
    /xa⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕia̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ɕiɑ³¹/
    Hefei /ɕia²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕia¹¹/
    Pingyao /ɕiɑ¹³/
    Hohhot /ɕia³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /hø⁵³/
    /ho⁵³/
    Suzhou /ho⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕiɑ³³/
    Wenzhou /ho³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕia³¹/
    /xa³¹/
    Tunxi /xɔn²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕia³³/
    /xa³³/
    Xiangtan /hɒ³³/
    Gan Nanchang /hɑ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ha¹¹/
    Taoyuan /hɑ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ha⁵⁵/
    Nanning /ha⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /ha⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ha³⁵/
    /he³⁵/ 匣母
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ha⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /he⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɛ³¹/

    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiā
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹  ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˤra/
    English shrimp

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 5962
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰraː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. shrimp; prawn; lobster (Classifier: c)
      /   ―  máoxiā  ―  shrimp
      /   ―  míngxiā  ―  prawn
      /   ―  lóngxiā  ―  lobster
      /   ―  xiāpiàn  ―  prawn crackers
    2. to bend; to curve; to flex

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣa/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiá
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹  ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˤra/
    English hae-mae frog

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 5968
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡraː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 蝦蟆虾蟆.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alt. forms

    Compare Zhuang ha.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Cantonese, Hakka, Southwestern Mandarin, Zhongshan Min Nan) to bully; to pick on

    Etymology 4[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“mist; rosy clouds; etc.”).
    (This character, , is an ancient form of .)

    Etymology 5[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to reach, to arrive; to come; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. lobster, prawn, shrimp

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    えび
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana えび, katakana エビ, rōmaji ebi)

    1. lobster, prawn, shrimp

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ha) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ha, Yale ha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.