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U+54C8, 哈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C8

[U+54C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡuːb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡuːb/
Notes ha

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of fish) many; plenteous
  2. (of a fish's mouth) opening; moving
  3. mouthful; sip

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: haai1 - only used in 齊齊哈爾齐齐哈尔, probably due to assimilation.
Note:
  • hah, ha - vernacular;
  • hap - literary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter: ha
  2. exclamation of triumph, etc.: ha!
  3. to breathe out
  4. (Taiwanese Min Nan) to drink (hot tea)
  5. Short for 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 (Hāsàkèsītǎn, “Kazakhstan”).
  6. Short for 哈爾濱哈尔滨 (Hā'ěrbīn, “Harbin”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𨉣
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (chiefly Mandarin, Jin, colloquial) to bend; to stoop

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “related to 喝?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Beijing) to scold; to reprimand

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: haa5 - rare.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哈巴 (hǎba, “Pekingese; pug”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:
哈姓

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 7[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: used in 哈達.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in the words below.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哈喇 (hāla, “a kind of top-quality woollen goods produced in Russia”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “from 憨?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Southwestern Mandarin, Xiang) silly; stupid
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“stupid”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou 木足
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 二不楞
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou 白仁
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 10[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Southwestern Mandarin) to tickle

Etymology 11[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哈士蟆 (hàshimá).

Etymology 12[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哈巴 (hàba, “knee bending when walking”).

Etymology 13[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “to drink”).
  2. Alternative form of (xiā).

Etymology 14[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in placenames.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 15[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 16[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𪘁.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𪘁.)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune-Reischauer hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.