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U+54C8, 哈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C8

[U+54C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C9]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰuːm
quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
tkuːb
tkuːb
tkuːb
tuːb, *tʰoːb
tuːb, *toːb
tuːb
tuːb, *tʰoːb
tkuːb, *ɡuːb
tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
kuːb
鴿 kuːb
kuːb, *ɡuːb
kuːb, *ɡuːb
kuːb, *kʰuːb
kuːb
kuːb
kuːb, *kruːb
kuːb, *kruːb
kuːb
ŋɡuːb
quːb, *quːb
qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
ɡuːb
ɡuːb
ɡuːb
tʰuːb
tʰoːb
rtuːb
kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
kruːb, *ŋkob
kruːb
kʰruːb
kʰruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
qʰjob, *qʰrub
tkʰub
ɡjub
krub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡuːb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: kaa1, haai1, haa5 - rare.
Note:
  • hap - literary;
  • hah - vernacular;
  • ha - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡuːb/
Notes ha

Definitions[edit]

  1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter
  2. to breathe out
  3. to bend; to stoop
  4. Short for 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 (Hāsàkèsītǎn, “Kazakhstan”).
  5. Short for 哈爾濱哈尔滨 (Hā'ěrbīn, “Harbin”).
  6. (of fish) many
  7. (of fish) mouth opening
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (dialectal) to scold; reprimand
  2. Pekingese; pug
    • 巴狗  ―  bagǒu  ―  Chinese pug
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Sichuan, Wuhan, Shuangfeng) silly; stupid
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“stupid”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou 木足
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Dongguan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan 二不楞
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Penang
Chaozhou 白仁
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Sichuan) to tickle

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哈士蟆 (hàshimá).

Etymology 6[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 哈巴 (hàba, “knee bending when walking”).

Etymology 7[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (xiā).
  2. Alternative form of ().

Etymology 8[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Used in placenames.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 10[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𪘁.
(This character, , is a variant form of 𪘁.)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune-Reischauer hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.