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U+54C8, 哈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C8

[U+54C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C9]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡuːb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡuːb/
Notes ha

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of fish) many; plenteous
  2. (of a fish's mouth) opening; moving
  3. mouthful; sip

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: haai1 - only used in 齊齊哈爾齐齐哈尔, probably due to assimilation.
Note:
  • hah, ha - vernacular;
  • hap - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter: ha
    2. exclamation of triumph, etc.: ha!
    3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) Sentence-final particle softening the request.
    4. to breathe out
    5. (Taiwanese Hokkien) to drink (hot tea)
    6. Short for 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 (Hāsàkèsītǎn, “Kazakhstan”).
    7. Short for 哈爾濱哈尔滨 (Hā'ěrbīn, “Harbin”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms 𨉣

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (chiefly Mandarin, Jin, colloquial) to bend; to stoop

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to 喝?”)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Beijing) to scold; to reprimand

    Etymology 5[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note: haa5 - rare.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈巴 (hǎba, “Pekingese; pug”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 6[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    Wikipedia has an article on:

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 7[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note: used in 哈達.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in compounds.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 8[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈喇 (hāla, “a kind of top-quality woollen goods produced in Russia”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 9[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “from 憨?”)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Southwestern Mandarin, Xiang) silly; stupid
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 10[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Southwestern Mandarin) to tickle

    Etymology 11[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈士蟆 (hàshimá).

    Etymology 12[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈巴 (hàba, “knee bending when walking”).

    Etymology 13[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “to drink”).
    2. Alternative form of (xiā).

    Etymology 14[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in placenames.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 15[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“smear one's mouth with blood of a victim when taking an oath”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Etymology 16[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𪘁.
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𪘁.)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune–Reischauer hap)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Zhuang[edit]

    Verb[edit]

    1. Alternative form of 𬮤 (Sawndip form of haep)

    References[edit]

    • 古壮字字典 [Dictionary of Old Zhuang Characters], Guangxi: Ethnic Publishing House (广西民族出版社), 2012, →ISBN, page 238