Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+54C8, 哈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-54C8

[U+54C7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+54C9]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
9 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡuːb): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ŋᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ŋɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4966
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡuːb/
Notes ha

Definitions[edit]

  1. (of fish) many; plenteous
  2. (of a fish's mouth) opening; moving
  3. mouthful; sip

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: haai1 - only used in 齊齊哈爾齐齐哈尔, probably due to assimilation.
Note:
  • hah, ha - vernacular;
  • hap - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Definitions[edit]

    1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter: ha
    2. exclamation of triumph, etc.: ha!
    3. to breathe out
    4. (Taiwanese Min Nan) to drink (hot tea)
    5. Short for 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 (Hāsàkèsītǎn, “Kazakhstan”).
    6. Short for 哈爾濱哈尔滨 (Hā'ěrbīn, “Harbin”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alt. forms 𨉣
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (chiefly Mandarin, Jin, colloquial) to bend; to stoop

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 4[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
    Particularly: “related to 喝?”

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Beijing) to scold; to reprimand

    Etymology 5[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note: haa5 - rare.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈巴 (hǎba, “Pekingese; pug”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 6[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    Wikipedia has an article on:
    哈姓

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 7[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note: used in 哈達.

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in the words below.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 8[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈喇 (hāla, “a kind of top-quality woollen goods produced in Russia”).

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 9[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
    Particularly: “from 憨?”

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Southwestern Mandarin, Xiang) silly; stupid
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“stupid”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou 木足
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Dongguan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan 二不楞
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Penang
    Chaozhou 白仁
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 10[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Southwestern Mandarin) to tickle

    Etymology 11[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈士蟆 (hàshimá).

    Etymology 12[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 哈巴 (hàba, “knee bending when walking”).

    Etymology 13[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “to drink”).
    2. Alternative form of (xiā).

    Etymology 14[edit]

    simp. and trad.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Used in placenames.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 15[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“smear one's mouth with blood of a victim when taking an oath”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Etymology 16[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see 𪘁.
    (This character, , is a variant form of 𪘁.)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    References[edit]

    • ” in: 諸橋轍次 (Morohashi Tetsuji), chief ed. 大漢和辞典 (Dai Kan-Wa Jiten, “Comprehensive Chinese–Japanese Dictionary”). 13 vols. 1955–1960. Revised and enlarged ed. 1984–1986. Tokyo: Taishukan.

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune–Reischauer hap)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.