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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 口人一口 (ROMR), four-corner 68061, composition)

  1. sound of laughter, yawning; often used for transliteration

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 189, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 408, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 619, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+54C8

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (哈), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 合
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 五合切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋʌp̚/ /ŋăp̚/ /ŋᴀp̚/ /ŋəp̚/ /ŋəp̚/ /ŋɒp̚/ /ŋɒp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4966 3 /*ŋɡuːb/ 今音ha來自噓呵

Definitions[edit]

  1. (onomatopoeia) sound of laughter
  2. to breathe out
  3. to bend; to stoop
  4. Abbreviation of 哈薩克斯坦哈萨克斯坦 ‎(Kazakhstan).
  5. Abbreviation of 哈爾濱哈尔滨 ‎(Harbin).
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Pekinese; pug
  2. (dialect) to scold

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune-Reischauer hap)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cáp, hóp, hộp, ngáp, họp, hớp, ngớp)

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