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U+86E4, 蛤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86E4

[U+86E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86E5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈人一口 (LIOMR), four-corner 58161, composition)

  1. clam

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1082, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33023
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1550, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2850, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+86E4

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
蛤-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰuːm
quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
tkuːb
tkuːb
tkuːb
tuːb, *tʰoːb
tuːb, *toːb
tuːb
tuːb, *tʰoːb
tkuːb, *ɡuːb
tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
kuːb
鴿 kuːb
kuːb, *ɡuːb
kuːb, *ɡuːb
kuːb, *kʰuːb
kuːb
kuːb
kuːb, *kruːb
kuːb, *kruːb
kuːb
ŋɡuːb
quːb, *quːb
qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
ɡuːb
ɡuːb
ɡuːb
tʰuːb
tʰoːb
rtuːb
kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
kruːb, *ŋkob
kruːb
kʰruːb
kʰruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
qʰjob, *qʰrub
tkʰub
ɡjub
krub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kuːb): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𧊧

Cognate with (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb, “to be together”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəp̚/
Li
Rong
/kᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. clam

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 蛤 (蟆)
Mandarin Beijing /xa³⁵/
Harbin /xa²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xa⁴²/
Qingdao /xa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /xɯ²⁴/
Xining /ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xa⁵³/
Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xa⁵⁵/
/ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xa⁵⁵/
Kunming /xə³¹/
Nanjing /ɕiɑ²⁴/
Hefei /xa⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao
Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ho³⁴/
Suzhou /ho⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ɦo³¹/
Hui Shexian /kʰa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan /ɦɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɑ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /ha¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ha⁵⁵/
Nanning /ha²¹/
Hong Kong /ha⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ha³⁵/
/he³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ha⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan) /ha³¹/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 蛤蟆 (háma).

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare Proto-Tai *kɤpᴰ (frog), whence Thai กบ (gɔɔ-bɔɔ), Lao ກົບ (kop), Zhuang goep, Shan ၵူပ်း (kuup4), Ahom 𑜀𑜤𑜆𑜫 (kup).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (dialectal) frog
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 青蛙 (“frog”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 青蛙
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 蛤蟆田雞
Taiwan 青蛙田雞
Harbin 蛤蟆青乖子
Shenyang 蛤蟆青乖子
Jinan 蛤蟆田雞
Muping 蚧巴子張拉崴子張崴子
Luoyang 蛤蟆
Jiedian 水雞子
Xi'an 蛤蟆田雞
Xining 青蛙
Xuzhou 水雞兒
Yinchuan 田畝雞
Lanzhou 金蛤蟆長腿癩蛤蟆
Ürümqi 青蛙
Wuhan 蛤蟆綠蛤蟆田雞
Chengdu 蜞螞兒青蜞螞兒青蛙田雞
Guiyang 青蛙田雞
Liuzhou 蟆𧊅
Kunming 青蛙田雞
Yangzhou 田雞子田雞水雞子
Nanjing 田雞水雞蛤蟆青蛙
Hefei 蛤蟆田雞
Nantong 田雞
Cantonese Guangzhou 蛤乸蛤𧊅田雞
Hong Kong 蛤乸蛤𧊅田雞青蛙
Foshan 田雞
Dongguan 田雞
Hong Kong (Weitou) 蛤𧊅蛤乸
Taishan 田雞
Yangjiang 田雞
Xinyi 蛤乸蛤𧊅
Nanning 蛤乸
Kuala Lumpur 田雞青蛙
Gan Nanchang 蛤蟆田雞老蛤
Lichuan 蛤蟆
Pingxiang 鬼蛤蟆
Hakka Meixian 𧊅仔田雞蛤蟆
Changting 蛤蟆
Yudu 𧊅
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𧊅仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𧊅仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𧊅仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 𧊅
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𧊅仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𧊅子
Hong Kong 蛤蟆
Sabah 蛤蟆𧊅哩蛤𧊅
Senai 𧊅仔
Singkawang 𧊅
Huizhou Jixi 水雞田雞蛤蟆
Jin Taiyuan 蛤蟆
Xinzhou 蛤蟆
Hohhot 蛤蟆
Min Bei Jian'ou 田狗水雞
Min Dong Fuzhou 青蛤黃䱝水雞
Fuqing 青蛤黃䱝水雞
Matsu 黃䱝
Min Nan Xiamen 田蛤仔水雞
Quanzhou 埯魅坸仔水雞
Zhangzhou 田蛤仔水雞
Taipei 大肚仔魚水雞田蛤仔杜蝛仔
Kaohsiung 水雞四跤仔田蛤仔
Tainan 水雞四跤魚田蛤仔田僑
Taichung 水雞
Hsinchu 水雞
Lukang 水雞田蛤仔
Sanxia 水雞田蛤仔肚蛙
Yilan 水雞蛤仔
Kinmen 水雞
Magong 水雞
Penang 水雞
Chaozhou 蛤虯水雞
Haifeng 蛤蛄蛤虯
Johor Bahru 蛤虯
Haikou 田雞螻蛤
Leizhou 田雞
Puxian Min Putian 洋乜水雞
Xianyou 洋乜水雞
Pinghua Nanning 田雞
Guilin 蛤蟆
Wu Shanghai 田雞青蛙
Suzhou 田雞青蛙
Hangzhou 田雞
Wenzhou 蛤蟆蛤蟆牯田雞
Chongming 田雞
Danyang 田雞青蛙
Jinhua 田雞蟥蟆
Tangxi 田雞蛤蟆
Ningbo 田雞水雞
Xiang Changsha 蛤蟆蛤蟆子蟆𧊅水雞
Shuangfeng 蟆𧊅子
Loudi 蟆𧊅蟆𧊅子
Quanzhou 蟆𧊅

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From (hama, beach) +‎ (kuri, chestnut).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はまぐり, katakana ハマグリ, rōmaji hamaguri)

  1. clam

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune-Reischauer hap, Yale hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cáp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.