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U+86E4, 蛤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86E4

[U+86E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86E5]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈人一口 (LIOMR), four-corner 58161, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1082, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33023
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1550, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2850, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+86E4

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
蛤-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kuːb): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𧊧

Cognate with (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb, “to be together”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (160)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəp̚/
Li
Rong
/kᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. clam

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 蛤 (蟆)
Mandarin Beijing /xa³⁵/
Harbin /xa²⁴/
Tianjin /xɑ⁴⁵/
Jinan /xa⁴²/
Qingdao /xa⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /xɯ²⁴/
Xining /ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xa⁵³/
Lanzhou /xə⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xa⁵⁵/
/ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xa⁵⁵/
Kunming /xə³¹/
Nanjing /ɕiɑ²⁴/
Hefei /xa⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao
Hohhot /xaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ho³⁴/
Suzhou /ho⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ɦo³¹/
Hui Shexian /kʰa⁴⁴/
Tunxi /kau¹¹/
Xiang Changsha
Xiangtan /ɦɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɑ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /ha¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ha⁵⁵/
Nanning /ha²¹/
Hong Kong /ha⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ha³⁵/
/he³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ha⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan) /ha³¹/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 蛤蟆 (háma); also used as its short form.
  2. (Mainland China, Internet slang) Nickname of Jiang Zemin in Moha culture.
  3. (Mainland China, Internet slang) Alternative form of (, “ha; huh”) (especially used in Moha culture.)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Min Nan (hahⁿ) .

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Used to indicate doubt or questioning. what?, huh?, eh
    什麼 / 什么  ―  ? Nǐ shuō shénme?  ―  Huh, what did you say?

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Compare Proto-Tai *kɤpᴰ (frog), whence Thai กบ (gòp), Lao ກົບ (kop), Zhuang goep, Shan ၵူပ်း (kúup), Ahom 𑜀𑜤𑜆𑜫 (kup).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (dialectal) frog
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From (hama, beach) +‎ (kuri, chestnut).

Noun[edit]

(はまぐり) (hamaguri

  1. clam

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hap) (hangeul , revised hap, McCune–Reischauer hap, Yale hap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cáp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.