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See also: and
U+88B7, 袷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-88B7

[U+88B6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+88B8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145, +6, 12 strokes in traditional Chinese, 11 strokes in mainland China and Japanese, cangjie input 中人一口 (LOMR), four-corner 38261, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1115, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1581, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3089, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+88B7

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
袷-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuːm
*quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
*ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tkuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tuːb, *toːb
*tuːb
*tuːb, *tʰoːb
*tkuːb, *ɡuːb
*tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
*kuːb
鴿 *kuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *ɡuːb
*kuːb, *kʰuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb, *kruːb
*kuːb
*ŋɡuːb
*quːb, *quːb
*qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*ɡuːb
*tʰuːb
*tʰoːb
*rtuːb
*kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
*kruːb, *ŋkob
*kruːb
*kʰruːb
*kʰruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*ɡruːb
*qʰjob, *qʰrub
*tkʰub
*ɡjub
*krub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub
*qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːb, *ŋkob): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (152)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kɐp̚/
Wang
Li
/kɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jia
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4986
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kruːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. lined garment
  2. Alternative form of (jiá, “double-layered; lined”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (147)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨɐp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiɐp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɐp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨap̚/
Li
Rong
/kiap̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭɐp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɐp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jie
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋkob/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. overlapping collar

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 袷袢 (qiāpàn).

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. lined clothing

Readings[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠɛp̚, “lined clothing”):

From Middle Chinese (MC kɨɐp̚, “overlaping collar”):

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
あわせ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Cognate with 合わせ (awase, joining together).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あわせ, rōmaji awase, historical hiragana あはせ)

  1. a lined kimono
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 12, poem 2965), text here
       (つるはみ) () (あはせの) (ころも) (うら) () () () (われ)将強 (しひめ) () () (きみ) ()不来座 (きまさぬ) [Man'yōgana]
       (つるばみ) (あはせ) (ころも) (うら)にせば () ()ひめやも (きみ) ()まさぬ [Modern spelling]
      tsurubami no awase no koromo ura ni seba ware shiime ya mo kimi ga kimasenu
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giáp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]