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See also:
U+981C, 頜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-981C

[U+981B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+981D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181 +6, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人口一月金 (ORMBC), four-corner 81686, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1402, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43440
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1920, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4368, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+981C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
頜-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰuːm
quːm, *qromʔ, *qɯːm, *qramʔ, *qɯːb
ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb
tkuːb
tkuːb
tkuːb
tuːb, *tʰoːb
tuːb, *toːb
tuːb
tuːb, *tʰoːb
tkuːb, *ɡuːb
tkʰuːb, *kuːb, *quːb, *quːb
kuːb
鴿 kuːb
kuːb, *ɡuːb
kuːb, *ɡuːb
kuːb, *kʰuːb
kuːb
kuːb
kuːb, *kruːb
kuːb, *kruːb
kuːb
ŋɡuːb
quːb, *quːb
qʰuːb, *qʰruːb
ɡuːb
ɡuːb
ɡuːb
tʰuːb
tʰoːb
rtuːb
kruːb, *kob, *ɡob
kruːb, *ŋkob
kruːb
kʰruːb
kʰruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
ɡruːb
qʰjob, *qʰrub
tkʰub
ɡjub
krub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub
qʰrub

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuːmʔ, *kuːb): phonetic  (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb) + semantic  (head).

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (28)
Final () (159) (160)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦʌmX/ /kʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəmX/ /kəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɒmX/ /kɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəmX/ /kəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣᴀmX/ /kᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣɒmX/ /kɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣămX/ /kăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hàn ge
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4942 4963
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuːmʔ/ /*kuːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) jaw

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]