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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
感-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯːmʔ): phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡrɯːm) + semantic  ‎(heart)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈口心 (IRP), four-corner 53330, composition)

  1. feel, perceive
  2. emotion

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 395, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 733, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2321, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+611F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kan²¹⁴/
Harbin /kan²¹³/
Tianjin /kan¹³/
Jinan /kã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kan⁵³/
Xi'an /kã⁵³/
Xining /kã⁵³/
Yinchuan /kan⁵³/
Lanzhou /kɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kan⁵¹/
Wuhan /kan⁴²/
Chengdu /kan⁵³/
Guiyang /kan⁴²/
Kunming /kã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /kaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /kæ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /kæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /kɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /kæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kø³⁵/
Suzhou /kø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /kẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ky³⁵/
Hui Shexian /kɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /kɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kam³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑm³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐm³⁵/
Nanning /kam³⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐm³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (159)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: gǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʌmX/ /kəmX/ /kɒmX/ /kəmX/ /kᴀmX/ /kɒmX/ /kămX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gǎn ‹ komX › /*kˤ[ə]mʔ/ move (emotionally) (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13498 1 /*kɯːmʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. feeling; sensation

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. feeling, sensation, emotion

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji -kan)

  1. feeling of
    虚無 (きょむ) (かん)
    kyomukan
    feeling of emptiness

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cảm, cám)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.