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U+611F, 感
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-611F

[U+611E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6120]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
感-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈口心 (IRP), four-corner 53330, composition)

  1. feel, perceive
  2. emotion

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 395, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 733, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2321, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+611F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
感-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kɯːmʔ
*kɯːmʔ
*kʰɯːmʔ, *ŋɡrɯːms
*kʰɯːmʔ, *kʰɯːms
*ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːms
*qʰaːmʔ, *qʰrɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*krɯːm
*krɯːm, *kjum
*krɯːm, *ŋɡrɯːm
*krɯːmʔ, *ɡrɯːmʔ
*ŋɡrɯːm, *ɡram
*ŋɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡrɯːm
*ɡam, *ɡram, *kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjɯm
*kjum

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kɯːmʔ): phonetic (OC *ɡrɯːm) + semantic (heart).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kan²¹⁴/
Harbin /kan²¹³/
Tianjin /kan¹³/
Jinan /kã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /kã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /kan⁵³/
Xi'an /kã⁵³/
Xining /kã⁵³/
Yinchuan /kan⁵³/
Lanzhou /kɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /kan⁵¹/
Wuhan /kan⁴²/
Chengdu /kan⁵³/
Guiyang /kan⁴²/
Kunming /kã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /kaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /kæ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /kæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /kɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /kæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /kø³⁵/
Suzhou /kø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /kẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /ky³⁵/
Hui Shexian /kɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /kɛ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /kan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /kan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /kɵn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /kam³¹/
Taoyuan /kɑm³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐm³⁵/
Nanning /kam³⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐm³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kam⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kam²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəmX/
Li
Rong
/kᴀmX/
Wang
Li
/kɒmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kămX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ komX ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤ[ə]mʔ/
English move (emotionally) (v.t.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13498
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːmʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. feeling; sensation

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. feeling, sensation, emotion

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (komX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. feeling
    虚無 (きょむ) (かん)
    kyomukan
    feeling of emptiness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gam) (hangeul , revised gam, McCune-Reischauer kam, Yale kam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cảm, cám)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]