English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from schaken Old English , sċeacan sċacan ( “ to shake ” ), from Proto-West Germanic , from *skakan Proto-Germanic *skakaną ( “ to shake, swing, escape ” ), from Proto-Indo-European , *(s)keg- *(s)kek- ( “ to jump, move ” ).
Scots , schake schack ( “ to shake ” ), West Frisian schaekje ( “ to shake ” ), Dutch schaken ( “ to elope, make clean, shake ” ), Low German schaken ( “ to move, shift, push, shake ” ) and schacken ( “ to shake, shock ” ), Old Norse skaka ( “ to shaka ” ), Norwegian Nynorsk skaka ( “ to shake ” ), Swedish skaka ( “ to shake ” ), Danish skage ( “ to shake ” ), Dutch schokken ( “ to shake, shock ” ), Russian скака́ть ( skakátʹ, “ to jump ” ). More at .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
shake ( third-person singular simple present , shakes present participle , shaking simple past shook or ( rare ) shaked or ( slang ) , shooketh past participle shaken or ( dialectal ) ) shook
To cause (something) to move rapidly in opposite directions alternatingly.
( transitive , ergative )
The earthquake shook the building. He shook the can of soda for thirty seconds before delivering it to me, so that, when I popped it open, soda went everywhere. , 1963 Margery Allingham, “Meeting Point”, in , London: The China Governess: A Mystery Chatto & Windus, , →OCLC page : 232 Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and now seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.
To move (one's head) from side to side, especially to indicate ( transitive ) refusal, reluctance , or disapproval.
Shaking his head, he kept repeating “No, no, no”.
To move or remove by agitating; to throw off by a jolting or vibrating motion.
( transitive )
to shake fruit down from a tree
c. , 1607–1608 William Shakeſpeare, , London: Imprinted at London for The Late, And much admired Play, Called Pericles, Prince of Tyre. [ … ] Henry Goſſon, [ … ] , published 1609, , →OCLC [Act III, scene ii]: [… ] Shake off the golden ſlumber of repoſe; [… ]
To ( transitive ) disturb emotionally; to shock.
Her father’s death shook her terribly. He was shaken by what had happened. 2013 July 20, “ The attack of the MOOCs”, in , volume The Economist 408, number 8845: Since the launch early last year of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. University brands built in some cases over centuries have been forced to contemplate the possibility that information technology will rapidly make their existing business model obsolete.
To ( transitive ) lose, evade, or get rid of (something).
I can’t shake the feeling that I forgot something.
To move from side to side.
( intransitive )
Synonyms: , shiver tremble She shook with grief. , 1918 W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter XXIII, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, : →OCLC The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.
To ( intransitive , usually as "shake on" ) shake hands.
OK, let’s shake on it.
To ( intransitive ) dance.
She was shaking it on the dance floor.
To give a tremulous tone to; to trill.
( transitive ) to shake a note in music
To threaten to overthrow.
( transitive , figurative )
The experience shook my religious belief. 2014 January 20, Didi Kirsten Tatlow, “‘She. Herself. Naked.': The Art of He Chengyao”, in The New York Times ,  , →ISSN , archived from →OCLC the original on 16 August 2023, Sinosphere :  The story of Ms. He and her mother began in the early 1960s, shortly before the Cultural Revolution shook China. To be agitated; to lose firmness. ( intransitive , figurative )
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
transitive: to cause to move
shkund , (sq) lëkund (sq) Arabic:
هَزَّ ( hazza ) Aramaic:
ܢܦܨ ( napasˀ ) Armenian:
սասանել (hy) ( sasanel ) Assamese:
লৰা ( lora ), ঘোঁট ( ghü̃t ) ( liquid ), মথ ( moth ) ( liquid ) Bakhtiari:
شندنیدن ( šondeniðen ) Bashkir:
һелкеү ( helkew ) Belarusian:
трэ́сці impf ( trésci ) Bulgarian:
треса́ (bg) impf ( tresá ), клатя (bg) ( klatja ) Burmese:
ခါ (my) ( hka ) Catalan:
agitar , (ca) sacsejar (ca) Cherokee:
ᎠᏖᎸᎲᏍᎦ ( atelvhvsga ) Chinese:
Mandarin: 搖 ／ 摇 (zh) ( yáo ) Czech:
třást impf Danish:
ryste (da) Dutch:
schudden (nl) Esperanto:
ravistaa , (fi) ravistella , (fi) heristää French:
secouer , (fr) agiter (fr) Galician:
, axitar sacudir , (gl) abalar , (gl) abanar , (gl) acanear , (gl) abanear , (gl) bandear (gl) Georgian:
ნჯღრევა ( nǯɣreva ), ქნევა ( kneva ) German:
schütteln , (de) erschüttern (de) Greek:
τραντάζω (el) ( trantázo ), σείω (el) ( seío )
Ancient: σείω ( seíō ) Hebrew:
זִעְזֵעַ (he) ( zi'zéa' ), נִיעֵר ( ni'ér ) Hungarian:
ráz (hu) Icelandic:
hrista (is) Ingrian:
, puistaa raputtaa Irish:
scuotere , (it) agitare (it) Japanese:
揺する (ja) ( ゆする, yusuru ), 揺らす (ja) ( ゆらす, yurasu ), 振る (ja) ( ふる, furu ) Khmer:
អង្រន់ (km) ( ʼɑngrŭən ), អង្រួន (km) ( ʼɑngruən ) Korean:
흔들리다 (ko) ( heundeullida ) Kurdish:
Central Kurdish: شەقاندن ( şeqandin ) Latin:
commoveō (la) Latvian:
, kratīt purināt Livonian:
, kratīņtõ repțõ Low German:
German Low German: schüdden Luxembourgish:
, rëselen stuckelen Macedonian:
тресе impf ( trese ) Malay:
please add this translation if you can Malayalam:
കുലുക്കുക ( kulukkuka ) Maori:
, ruirui , whakaoioi , whakangāueue hauruturutu ( with violence or vigorously ), , haurui whakakarekare ( a liquid ), , kopekope rawharawha Mongolian:
please add this translation if you can Norwegian:
riste (no) Occitan:
agitar , (oc) secodre (oc) Old Church Slavonic:
Cyrillic: трѧсти impf ( tręsti ) Old East Slavic:
трясти impf ( trjasti ) Old English:
, cweċċan āhrēran Persian:
تکاندن (fa) ( tekândan ) Polish:
trząść (pl) , impf potrząsnąć (pl) pf Portuguese:
sacudir , (pt) agitar (pt) Romanian:
agita , (ro) scutura (ro) Russian:
трясти́ (ru) impf ( trjastí ) Sanskrit:
इङ्गति (sa) ( iṅgati ) Scottish Gaelic:
тре́сти impf Roman: trésti (sh) impf Slovak:
triasť impf Slovene:
trésti impf Sorbian:
Lower Sorbian: tśěsć impf Spanish:
agitar , (es) sacudir (es) Swedish:
skaka (sv) Tamil:
ஆட்டு (ta) ( āṭṭu ) Thai:
เขย่า (th) ( kà-yào ) Tocharian B:
труси́ти impf ( trusýty ), трясти́ impf ( trjastý ) Vietnamese: lắc , (vi) lay (vi)
to move one's head from side to side
transitive: to disturb emotionally
transitive: to lose, evade
intransitive: to move from side to side
هَزَّ ( hazza ) Bulgarian:
клатя се ( klatja se ) Burmese:
လှုပ် (my) ( hlup ) Chickasaw:
Mandarin: 哆嗦 (zh) ( duōsuo ), 顫抖 ／ 颤抖 (zh) ( chàndǒu, zhàndǒu ), 發抖 ／ 发抖 (zh) ( fādǒu ), 顫慄 ／ 颤栗 (zh) ( zhànlì ), 震顫 ／ 震颤 (zh) ( zhènchàn ) Czech:
vavista , (fi) täristä (fi) French:
se secouer (fr) Galician:
, tremer rebillar German:
schütteln (de) Italian:
tremare , (it) agitarsi (it) Japanese:
揺れる (ja) ( ゆれる, yureru ) Korean:
흔들다 (ko) ( heundeulda ), 떨다 (ko) ( tteolda ) ( tremble ) Kurdish:
Central Kurdish: شەقاندِنەوە ( şeqandinewe ) Malayalam:
കുലുങ്ങുക (ml) ( kuluṅṅuka ) Maori:
, tīoioi , kereū tārurerure Nahuatl:
, cuecuexi cuecuechiuia Old English:
sacudir (pt) Russian:
трясти́сь (ru) impf ( trjastísʹ ), шата́ться (ru) impf ( šatátʹsja ) Slovene:
tresti se Sorbian:
Lower Sorbian: tśěsć se impf Swedish:
skaka (sv) Thai:
สั่น (th) ( sàn ) Tok Pisin: guria
intransitive: to shake hands
Translations to be checked
shake ( plural ) shakes
The act of shaking or being shaken;
tremulous or back-and-forth motion.
The cat gave the mouse a shake. She replied in the negative, with a shake of her head.
A ( usually in the plural ) twitch, a spasm, a tremor.
c. , [ 1587–1588 Christopher Marlowe], , 2nd edition, part 1, London: Tamburlaine the Great. [ … ] The First Part [ … ] [ … ] [R. Robinson for ] Richard Iones, [ … ] , published 1592, ; reprinted as →OCLC Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, , →ISBN (please specify the page): And when the princely Perſean Diadem, Shall ouerweigh his wearie witleſſe head, And fall like mellowed fruit, with ſhakes of death, In faire Perſea noble Tamburlain Shall be my Regent, and remaine as King: A
beverage made by adding ice cream to a (usually carbonated) drink; a float. Shake
cannabis, small, leafy fragments of cannabis that gather at the bottom of a bag of marijuana.
An ( US , slang , uncountable ) adulterant added to cocaine powder.
 , Terry Williams, chapter 2, in 1989 The Cocaine Kids , Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, page  35: [… ] most suppliers will allow up to 120 grams of shake to a kilo, or 12 percent; kilo-level buyers are usually unhappy if they find more.
A thin ( building material ) shingle. A
crack or split between the growth rings in wood. A
fissure in rock or earth. A basic
wooden shingle made from split logs, traditionally used for roofing etc.
Instant, second. (Especially ( informal ) .)
in two shakes
One of the staves of a ( nautical ) hogshead or barrel taken apart.
, William Scoresby, 1820 An Account of the Arctic Regions: Empty casks are [… ] taken to pieces, and the staves closely packed up in a cylindrical form, constituting what are called shakes or packs
A rapid ( music ) alternation of a principal tone with another represented on the next degree of the staff above or below it; a trill.
In singing, notes (usually high ones) sung ( music ) vibrato.
, 1831 L[etitia] E[lizabeth] L[andon], chapter XIV, in Romance and Reality., volume III, London: [ … ] Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, [ … ] , , →OCLC page : 263 A Signora Rossinuola, with the face of a goddess, and the voice of an angel, made her first curtsy that evening to the Neapolitans. She was received with the most rapturous applause. Nothing was heard of next day but her shake and her smile. A
shook of staves and headings . 
The ( UK , dialect ) redshank, so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground. A shock or disturbance.
, Elizabeth Gaskell, 1864 Cousin Phillis: As long as I had seen Mr Holdsworth in the rooms at the little inn at Hensleydale, where I had been accustomed to look upon him as an invalid, I had not been aware of the visible shake his fever had given to his health.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
beverage made of ice cream and carbonated drink
— see float
small, leafy fragments of cannabis
building material: thin shingle
informal: instant, second
See also [ edit ]
( crack or split in wood ) : knot
References [ edit ]
^ Tom Dalzell (ed.),
The Routledge Dictionary of Modern American Slang and Unconventional English, New York: Routledge, 2009, p. 858.
Edward H[enry] Knight (1877), “Shake”, in Knight’s American Mechanical Dictionary., volume III (REA–ZYM), New York, N.Y.: [ … ] Hurd and Houghton [ … ] , . →OCLC
Anagrams [ edit ]
Italian [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Unadapted borrowing from English . First attested in 1966.
shake ( m ) uncountable
shake ( act of shaking or being shaken ) shake ( dance ) ( a type of dance )
Japanese [ edit ]
Romanization [ edit ]
Rōmaji transcription of しゃけ Rōmaji transcription of シャケ
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Unadapted borrowing from English .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
shake m inan
milkshake, shake ( milk and ice cream beverage )
Synonym: koktajl mleczny
Declension [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]
shake in Polish dictionaries at PWN
Spanish [ edit ]
shake ( m plural ) shakes
shake ( drink )