English [ edit ]
Pronunciation [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , from schaken Old English , sceacan ( scacan “ to shake ”). from Proto-Germanic ( *skakaną “ to shake, swing, escape ”), from Proto-Indo-European , *(s)keg- ( *(s)kek- “ to jump, move ”). Cognate with Scots , schake ( schack “ to shake ”), West Frisian ( schaekje “ to shake ”), Dutch ( schaken “ to elope, make clean, shake ”), Low German ( schaken “ to move, shift, push, shake ”) and ( schacken “ to shake, shock ”), Swedish ( skaka “ to shake ”), Dutch ( schokken “ to shake, shock ”), Russian ( скакать skakatʹ, “ to jump ”). More at . shock
shake ( third-person singular simple present , shakes present participle , shaking simple past , shook past participle ) shaken
( transitive , ergative ) To cause (something) to move rapidly in opposite directions alternatingly.
The earthquake shook the building.
He shook the can of soda for thirty seconds before delivering it to me, so that, when I popped it open, soda went everywhere.
: 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, The China Governess 
Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.
( transitive ) To move (one's head) from side to side, especially to indicate a negative.
Shaking his head, he kept repeating "No, no, no".
( transitive ) To move or remove by agitating; to throw off by a jolting or vibrating motion.
to shake fruit down from a tree
( transitive ) To disturb emotionally; to shock.
her father's death shook her terribly; he was shaken by what had happened
: 2013 July 20, “ The attack of the MOOCs”, , volume 408, number 8845 The Economist
Since the launch early last year of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups offering free education through MOOCs, massive open online courses, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. University brands built in some cases over centuries have been forced to contemplate the possibility that information technology will rapidly make their existing business model obsolete.
( transitive ) To lose, evade, or get rid of (something).
I can't shake the feeling that I forgot something.
( intransitive ) To move from side to side.
She shook with grief.
: 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 23, The Mirror and the Lamp
The slightest effort made the patient cough. He would stand leaning on a stick and holding a hand to his side, and when the paroxysm had passed it left him shaking.
( intransitive , usually as "shake on" ) To shake hands.
OK, let's shake on it.
( intransitive ) To dance.
She was shaking it on the dance floor. To give a tremulous tone to; to trill.
to shake a note in music
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
transitive: to cause to move
( هَزَّ hazza) Armenian:
( սասանել sasanel) Bakhtiari:
( شندنیدن šondeniðen) Chinese:
搖 , (zh) 摇 ( (zh) yáo) Danish:
ryste (da) Dutch:
schudden (nl) Esperanto:
ravistaa , (fi) , ravistella heristää French:
secouer , (fr) agiter (fr) Georgian:
( ნჯღრევა nǯɣreva), ( ქნევა kneva) German:
schütteln , (de) erschüttern (de) Greek:
τραντάζω ( (el) trantázo), σείω ( (el) seío) Hebrew:
( זעזע za'azéa), ( ניער ni'ér) Hungarian:
ráz (hu) Japanese:
( 揺する yusuru), ( 揺らす yurasu), 振る ( (ja) furu) Kurdish:
( شهقاندن shaqAndin)
to move one's head from side to side
transitive: to disturb emotionally
transitive: to lose, evade
intransitive: to move from side to side
intransitive: to shake hands
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
Translations to be checked
shake ( plural ) shakes
The act of shaking something.
The cat gave the mouse a shake. A
beverage made by adding ice cream to a (usually carbonated) drink; a float. Shake
cannabis, small, leafy fragments of cannabis that gather at the bottom of a bag of marijuana.
( building material ) A thin shingle. A
crack or split between the growth rings in wood. A
fissure in rock or earth.
( informal ) Instant, second. (Especially .)
in two shakes
: 1960, P. G. Wodehouse, , chapter XXI Jeeves in the Offing
“And do you realize that in a few shakes I've got to show up at dinner and have Mrs Cream being very, very kind to me? It hurts the pride of the Woosters, Jeeves.”
( nautical ) One of the staves of a hogshead or barrel taken apart.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Totten to this entry?)
( music ) A rapid alternation of a principal tone with another represented on the next degree of the staff above or below it; a trill. A
shook of staves and headings.
(Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
( UK , dialect ) The redshank, so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground.
Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
beverage made of ice cream and carbonated drink
— see float
small, leafy fragments of cannabis
building material: thin shingle
informal: instant, second
Anagrams [ edit ]