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Alternative forms[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch schokken (to push, jolt, shake, jerk) or Middle French choquer (to collide with, clash), from Old Dutch *skokkan (to shake up and down, shog), from Proto-Germanic *skukkaną (to move, shake, tremble). Of uncertain origin. Perhaps related to Proto-Germanic *skakaną (to shake, stir), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kAg'-, *(s)keg- (to shake, stir); see shake. Cognate with Middle Low German schocken (collide with, deliver a blow to, move back and forth), Old High German scoc (a jolt, swing), Middle High German schocken (to swing) (German schaukeln), Old Norse skykkr (vibration, surging motion), Icelandic skykkjun (tremuously), Middle English schiggen (to shake). More at shog.


shock (plural shocks)

  1. Sudden, heavy impact.
    The train hit the buffers with a great shock.
    1. (figuratively) Something so surprising that it is stunning.
    2. Electric shock, a sudden burst of electric energy, hitting an animate animal such as a human.
    3. Circulatory shock, a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by the inability of the circulatory system to supply enough oxygen to meet tissue requirements.
    4. A sudden or violent mental or emotional disturbance
  2. (mathematics) A discontinuity arising in the solution of a partial differential equation.
Derived terms[edit]

See Wikisaurus:surprise

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shock (third-person singular simple present shocks, present participle shocking, simple past and past participle shocked)

  1. To cause to be emotionally shocked.
    The disaster shocked the world.
  2. To give an electric shock.
  3. (obsolete, intransitive) To meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter.
    • De Quincey
      They saw the moment approach when the two parties would shock together.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.


shock (plural shocks)

  1. An arrangement of sheaves for drying, a stook.
    • Tusser
      Cause it on shocks to be by and by set.
    • Thomson
      Behind the master walks, builds up the shocks.
  2. (commerce, dated) A lot consisting of sixty pieces; a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.
  3. (by extension) A tuft or bunch of something (e.g. hair, grass)
    a head covered with a shock of sandy hair
  4. (obsolete, by comparison) A small dog with long shaggy hair, especially a poodle or spitz; a shaggy lapdog.
    • 1827 Thomas Carlyle, The Fair-Haired Eckbert
      When I read of witty persons, I could not figure them but like the little shock (translating the German Spitz).


shock (third-person singular simple present shocks, present participle shocking, simple past and past participle shocked)

  1. To collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook.
    to shock rye






shock m (invariable)

  1. shock (medical; violent or unexpected event)