trauma

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See also: Trauma

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma (countable and uncountable, plural traumas or traumata)

  1. Any serious injury to the body, often resulting from violence or an accident.
  2. An emotional wound leading to psychological injury.
    • 2011 December 14, Steven Morris, “Devon woman jailed for 168 days for killing kitten in microwave”, in Guardian[1]:
      Jailing her on Wednesday, magistrate Liz Clyne told Robins: "You have shown little remorse either for the death of the kitten or the trauma to your former friend Sarah Knutton." She was also banned from keeping animals for 10 years.
  3. An event that causes great distress.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: トラウマ

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma m (plural traumes)

  1. trauma

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Trauma, from Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma n

  1. trauma

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "trauma" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Further reading[edit]

  • trauma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • trauma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed internationalism, ultimately from Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound). This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrɑu̯.maː/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

Noun[edit]

trauma n (plural trauma's or traumata, diminutive traumaatje n)

  1. trauma

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

< Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtrɑu̯mɑ/, [ˈt̪rɑ̝u̯mɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑumɑ
  • Syllabification(key): trau‧ma

Noun[edit]

trauma

  1. trauma

Declension[edit]

Inflection of trauma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative trauma traumat
genitive trauman traumojen
partitive traumaa traumoja
illative traumaan traumoihin
singular plural
nominative trauma traumat
accusative nom. trauma traumat
gen. trauman
genitive trauman traumojen
traumainrare
partitive traumaa traumoja
inessive traumassa traumoissa
elative traumasta traumoista
illative traumaan traumoihin
adessive traumalla traumoilla
ablative traumalta traumoilta
allative traumalle traumoille
essive traumana traumoina
translative traumaksi traumoiksi
abessive traumatta traumoitta
instructive traumoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of trauma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative traumani traumani
accusative nom. traumani traumani
gen. traumani
genitive traumani traumojeni
traumainirare
partitive traumaani traumojani
inessive traumassani traumoissani
elative traumastani traumoistani
illative traumaani traumoihini
adessive traumallani traumoillani
ablative traumaltani traumoiltani
allative traumalleni traumoilleni
essive traumanani traumoinani
translative traumakseni traumoikseni
abessive traumattani traumoittani
instructive
comitative traumoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative traumasi traumasi
accusative nom. traumasi traumasi
gen. traumasi
genitive traumasi traumojesi
traumaisirare
partitive traumaasi traumojasi
inessive traumassasi traumoissasi
elative traumastasi traumoistasi
illative traumaasi traumoihisi
adessive traumallasi traumoillasi
ablative traumaltasi traumoiltasi
allative traumallesi traumoillesi
essive traumanasi traumoinasi
translative traumaksesi traumoiksesi
abessive traumattasi traumoittasi
instructive
comitative traumoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative traumamme traumamme
accusative nom. traumamme traumamme
gen. traumamme
genitive traumamme traumojemme
traumaimmerare
partitive traumaamme traumojamme
inessive traumassamme traumoissamme
elative traumastamme traumoistamme
illative traumaamme traumoihimme
adessive traumallamme traumoillamme
ablative traumaltamme traumoiltamme
allative traumallemme traumoillemme
essive traumanamme traumoinamme
translative traumaksemme traumoiksemme
abessive traumattamme traumoittamme
instructive
comitative traumoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative traumanne traumanne
accusative nom. traumanne traumanne
gen. traumanne
genitive traumanne traumojenne
traumainnerare
partitive traumaanne traumojanne
inessive traumassanne traumoissanne
elative traumastanne traumoistanne
illative traumaanne traumoihinne
adessive traumallanne traumoillanne
ablative traumaltanne traumoiltanne
allative traumallenne traumoillenne
essive traumananne traumoinanne
translative traumaksenne traumoiksenne
abessive traumattanne traumoittanne
instructive
comitative traumoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative traumansa traumansa
accusative nom. traumansa traumansa
gen. traumansa
genitive traumansa traumojensa
traumainsarare
partitive traumaansa traumojaan
traumojansa
inessive traumassaan
traumassansa
traumoissaan
traumoissansa
elative traumastaan
traumastansa
traumoistaan
traumoistansa
illative traumaansa traumoihinsa
adessive traumallaan
traumallansa
traumoillaan
traumoillansa
ablative traumaltaan
traumaltansa
traumoiltaan
traumoiltansa
allative traumalleen
traumallensa
traumoilleen
traumoillensa
essive traumanaan
traumanansa
traumoinaan
traumoinansa
translative traumakseen
traumaksensa
traumoikseen
traumoiksensa
abessive traumattaan
traumattansa
traumoittaan
traumoittansa
instructive
comitative traumoineen
traumoinensa

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ancient Greek τραῦμᾰ (traûma, wound).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. (medicine) trauma (a localised injury produced by an external action)
  2. (psychology and psychoanalysis, elliptical use for trauma psychique) psychic trauma
    Synonym: traumatisme psychique

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

Noun[edit]

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. an emotional wound
  2. (medicine) trauma; serious physical injury

Related terms[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch trauma, from Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈtrau̯ma]
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

Noun[edit]

trauma (first-person possessive traumaku, second-person possessive traumamu, third-person possessive traumanya)

  1. trauma:
    1. an event that causes great distress.
    2. (psychology, psychiatry) an emotional wound leading to psychological injury.
    3. (surgery) any serious injury to the body, often resulting from violence or an accident.
      Synonym: rudapaksa

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma (plural traumas)

  1. trauma

Related terms[edit]

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtraw.ma/
  • Rhymes: -awma
  • Hyphenation: tràu‧ma

Noun[edit]

trauma m (plural traumi)

  1. trauma

Anagrams[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma n (definite singular traumaet, indefinite plural trauma, definite plural traumaa)

  1. alternative form of traume

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma n

  1. definite plural of traume

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English trauma, from Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma f

  1. (medicine) trauma (serious injury to the body)
    Synonym: uraz
  2. (psychology) trauma (emotional wound)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

adjectives
nouns
verb

Further reading[edit]

  • trauma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • trauma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɾaw.mɐ/ [ˈtɾaʊ̯.mɐ]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈtɾaw.ma/ [ˈtɾaʊ̯.ma]

  • Rhymes: -awmɐ
  • Hyphenation: trau‧ma

Noun[edit]

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. trauma (emotional wound)
  2. trauma (event that causes great distress)
  3. (medicine) trauma (serious injury to the body)
    Synonym: traumatismo

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /trǎuma/
  • Hyphenation: tra‧u‧ma

Noun[edit]

tràuma f (Cyrillic spelling тра̀ума)

  1. trauma

Declension[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈtɾauma/ [ˈt̪ɾau̯.ma]
  • Rhymes: -auma
  • Syllabification: trau‧ma

Etymology 1[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τραῦμα (traûma, wound, damage).

Noun[edit]

trauma m (plural traumas)

  1. (medicine, psychology) trauma
  2. injury; harm
    Synonym: traumatismo
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

trauma

  1. inflection of traumar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

trauma n

  1. a psychological trauma
  2. (medicine) a physical trauma

Declension[edit]

Declension of trauma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative trauma traumat trauman traumana
Genitive traumas traumats traumans traumanas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]