精神

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Chinese[edit]

 
energy; perfect; excellent; refined; very; proficient
 
God; unusual; mysterious; soul; spirit; divine essence; lively; spiritual being
simp. and trad.
(精神)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (13) (27)
Final () (121) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/ /ʑiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/ /ʑin/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/ /ʑjen/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/ /ʑin/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/ /d͡ʑiĕn/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/ /d͡ʑĭĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/ /d͡ʑʰi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng shén
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīng shén
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjeng › ‹ zyin ›
Old
Chinese
/*tseŋ/ /*Cə.li[n]/
English fine rice; pure spirit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 11327 11245
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsleŋ/ /*hlin/

Noun[edit]

精神

  1. spirit; soul; mind; will
  2. energy; drive
  3. essence; gist

Adjective[edit]

精神

  1. (attributive) spiritual; immaterial; cultural
  2. (attributive) mental; psychiatric; psychological
See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Adjective[edit]

精神

  1. lively; active; brisk; in good spirits; spirited; energetic
  2. (Northeastern Mandarin) pretty; handsome
  3. (Jianghuai Mandarin) cautious; alert
  4. (Jiaoliao Mandarin) shrewd

Verb[edit]

精神

  1. (Hokkien) to wake up; to be awake

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (精神):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
しん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

精神 (hiragana せいしん, rōmaji seishin)

  1. psyche; spirit; soul; mind; will
    • 2003 November 20, “ゴギガ・ガガギゴ [Gogiga Gagagigo]”, in 天空の聖域 [The Sanctuary in the Sky] (in Japanese), Konami:
       (すで) (せい) (しん) (ほう) (かい)し、 (にく) (たい) (さら)なるパワーを (もと)めて (ぼう) (そう)する。その姿 (すがた)にかつての (おも) (かげ)はない…。
      Sude ni seishin wa hōkaishi, nikutai wa saranaru pawā o motomete bōsōsuru. Sono sugata ni katsute no omokage wa nai….
      His mind long since collapsed, his body recklessly continues craving even more power. He no longer resembles his former self….

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

精神 (jeongsin) (hangeul 정신)

  1. Hanja form? of 정신, “spirit, mind”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

精神

  1. Hán tự form of tinh thần, “spirit, mind